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scuzele pentru ortografie nu-s destule - de Dan Manoliu la: 23/06/2005 21:42:41
(la: "Ce bine e sa fi desptept si in acelasi timp si roman")
? 1827 - Petrache Poenaru, membru al Academiei Romane si unul dintre organizatorii învatamântului national inventeaza predecesorul stiloului modern: ?condei portaret, fara sfârsit, alimentându?se singur cu cerneala?
Homer had a long lasting writing pen made of reed.
Da Vinci drew improvements ..
Etc…

? 1858 - Bucuresti - primul oras din lume iluminat cu petrol si prima rafinare a petrolului.
Romans had full streets in Rome lighted with torches and with heated sidewalks so that Roman ladies feet do not freeze …
Baltimore in 1816 was the first city to light its streets with gas. ...
Soon much of America, as well as other countries were lighted by gas
First oil refining was done in Ploiesti (not Bucuresti) by Enhlish engineers 1n 1856 … at the time when America found its first oil field … We were ahead here!!!

? 1880 - Dumitru Vasescu - construieste automobilul cu motor cu aburi.
In 1769, the very first self-propelled road vehicle was a military tractor invented by French engineer and mechanic, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (1725 - 1804). Cugnot used a steam engine to power his vehicle, built under his instructions at the Paris Arsenal by mechanic Brezin. It was used by the French Army to haul artillery at a whopping speed of 2 1/2 mph on only three wheels. The vehicle had to stop every ten to fifteen minutes to build up steam power. The steam engine and boiler were separate from the rest of the vehicle and placed in the front (see engraving above). The following year (1770), Cugnot built a steam-powered tricycle that carried four passengers.

? 1881 Alexandru Ciurcu - obtine un brevet din Franta prin care prevede posibilitatea zborului cu reactie.
The earliest rockets were almost certainly Chinese—there is little doubt that the Chinese first developed “black powder,” the basic propellant used in rockets. The combination of salt-peter, charcoal, and sulphur was probably used in fireworks by the Chinese centuries before Christ lived, but the only written records available are dated well into the Middle Ages.
Mongols besieging the city of Kaifeng in 1232 used arrows propelled by rockets (though primarily as a psychological weapon).
Knowledge about rocketry seems to have moved with the Mongol invasions—the Arabs are seen as having developed rockets by the thirteenth century and are reported as having used them against Saint Louis in the Seventh Crusade; the Italians were experimenting with rockets by the fifteenth century. A major refinement in the formula for black powder was made in the thirteenth century by Roger Bacon; this resulted in the creation of gunpowder.
All of those people dreamt of sending people to the moon on the tail of a rocket … Even Cyrano de Bergerac (the real one) did that in a poem …
Conrad Hass (1551-1579), German, an artillery engineer and chief of arsenal of the town of Sibiu. Hass wrote about the construction and the flight tests of multistage rockets, apparently the earliest writings in existence about the science of rocket engineering. How about that???


? 1885 Victor Babes - realizeaza primul tratat de bacteriologie din lume.
May be correct partially… but Pasteur discovered every single entry from the Babes book…see below. I included some additional date for comparison and scale … The Babes Treaty is a list of the following discoveries … And Pasteur is one of many …
1839: Departure to the Royal College of Besançon 1840: Successful candidate for the literature baccalauréat in Besançon. Maître d'études at the College of Besançon 1842: Successful candidate for the mathematical sciences baccalauréat in Dijon 1843: Accepted at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris 1845: Bachelor of Science 1846: Appointed physics professor at the Tournon high school (Ardèche), but stays on at the Ecole Normale Supérieure as a qualified demonstrator. Study of crystals 1847: Doctor of Science 1848: Appointed physics professor at the Dijon high school. Appointed substitute chemistry professor at the science university of Strasbourg.
Research on dimorphism. Historic paper on the distinction between sodium ammonium paratartrate and tartrate. 1849: Pasteur's wedding with Miss Marie Laurent, daughter of the Strasbourg University rector.
Research on the specific properties of the two acids that make up racemic acid. 1851: Paper by Pasteur on aspartic and malic acids. 1852: New research on relationships that can exist between crystalline forms, chemical composition and the direction of rotatory polarisation. 1853: Pasteur is made Knight of the Imperial Order of the Legion of Honour. He obtains the prize of the Pharmacy Society of Paris for the synthesis of racemic acid. Paper on the discovery of the transformation of tartaric acid into racemic acid, discovery of the optically inactive tartaric acid. 1854: Pasteur is nominated Dean of the University of Science at Lille. 1855: Beginning of studies on fermentation, presentation in Lille of a paper on amyl alcohol. 1856: Beginning of researches on alcoholic fermentation. 1857: Appointed administrator of the Ecole Normale and director of scientific studies of this school. Paper on lactic fermentation. Paper on alcoholic fermentation. 1858: Installation of his laboratory in the attic of the Ecole Normale in Paris, rue d'Ulm Survey by Pasteur on so-called "spontaneous" generations. 1859: Experimental physiology prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. 1860: Air sampling at Arbois to investigate the issue of so-called "spontaneous" generation. Examination of the doctrine of so-called "spontaneous" generation. 1861: Jecker prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. Publication in the bulletin of the Chemistry Society of Paris of all his results on vinegar.
1862: Election at the Academy of Science (mineralogy section). Studies on mycoderma and on the role of these plants in acetic fermentation. Alhumbertprize for his research on spontaneous generation. 1863: Napoléon III asks Pasteur to study wine diseases Studies on wine - the influence of air oxygen on vinification. Nominated Professor of Applied Geology, Physics and Chemistry at the National College of Fine Arts 1864: Installation of a laboratory at Arbois for his research on wine 1865: Practical process for improving wine conservation. Studies on silkworm diseases, work on pasteurisation. 1866: Publication of the paper "Studies on wine". Publication of an essay on the scientific work of Claude Bernard. 1867: Creation of a physiological chemistry laboratory at the Ecole Normale. Appointed Professor of organic chemistry at the Sorbonne. Great Prize from the Universal Exhibition for his studies on wine. Resignation from his administrative duties at the Ecole Normale. 1868: Degree as a medical doctor at the University of Bonn. Pasteur suffers from a stroke affecting his left side. Commander of the Legion of Honour. Publication of his studies on vinegar. 1870: Publication of his studies on silkworm diseases. 1871: Studies on beer. 1873: Elected Member of the Academy of Medicine 1876: Publication of his studies on beer. 1877: Paper on the alteration of urine. Studies on anthrax. Studies on septicaemia. 1878: Nominated Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour.
Publication of the paper "Germ theory and its applications to medicine and surgery". Papers on chicken cholera.
Research on gangrene, septicaemia and puerperal fever 1879: Paper on plague. Discovery of immunisation by attenuated cultures. 1880: Becomes Member of the Central Society of Veterinary Medicine. Paper on virulent diseases (Pasteur introduces the principle of attenuated-virus vaccines). Beginning of his research on rabies. 1881: Nominated Grand Cross Holder of the Legion of Honour. Anthrax vaccine. Work on yellow fever near Bordeaux.
Election to the French Academy. 1882: Paper on contagious pleuropneumonia of horned animals. Studies on swine erysipelas. 1883: Vaccination against swine erysipelas using an attenuated-virus vaccine. 1884: New communications on rabies. Communication on pathogenic microbes and attenuated-virus vaccines at the Copenhagen Congress. Pasteur presents the general principle of vaccinations against virulent diseases. 1885: First anti-rabies vaccination on a human being

? 1886 Alexandru Ciurcu - construieste prima ambarcatiune cu reactie.
It’s more complicated, Ciurcu e numai un participant … one of two; also, educated in France.
Desire and Victoire Piot (A late eighteenth century French engineer / inventor and the origins of the Vapour Pulse Jet) probably fled France on the out break of the Franco–Prussian war in 1870 finally arriving in London where he tested his first successful pulse jet boats. Desire Piot could well have been inspired by a rocket powered boat developed by Just Buisson and Ciurcu. Not so successful demonstrations of their jet boat on the river Seine in Paris took place from August to December 1886 for the benefit of the French Ministry of Defense.


? 1887 C. I. Istrate - Friedelina si franceinele.
Correct!!!

? 1895 D. Hurmuzescu - descopera electroscopul.
Jean Antoine Nollet (1700–1770) was a clergyman and physicist. In 1748, Nollet invented one of the first electrometers, the electroscope, which detected the presence of electric charge by using electrostatic attraction and repulsion. Nollet later wrote a theory on electrical attraction and repulsion based on the existence of a continuous flow of electrical matter between charged bodies and became the the first professor of experimental physics at the University of Paris.
Many others including George Washington did the same before our guy … 1755 or so …

? 1899 C.I. Istrate - o noua clasa de coloranti.
Maybe …

? 1900 Nicolae Teclu - becul cu reglarea curentului electric si gaz.
Are you serious??? “Becul de labborator cu reglarea curentului de AER si gaz”; big difference!!!
How about Bunsen? Premix (meaning air and gas) burners were the first purpose-designed burners, and they can be traced back more than 100 years to the Bunsen and similar laboratory burners. A premix burner system really consists of two key components, the burner head or nozzle, and the gas-air mixing device that feeds it. In some cases they're built as a single unit. The mixer uses the energy of a pressurized stream of air and/or gas to mix the two and present them to the burner nozzle, which provides an ignition and anchoring point for the flame and controls its shape.

? 1904 Emil Racovita - fondatorul biospeologiei.
Absolutely correct!!!

? 1905 Augustin Maior - telefonia multipla.
AT&T 1902 … also Bell Laboratoryes …

? 1906, 18.03 - Traian Vuia - avionul cu tren de aterizare pe roti cu pneuri; cu ?Vuia I? acesta reuseste prima decolare fara sa foloseasca nici un mijloc ajutator, numai cu aparate aflate la bord (în fapt, primul avion din istorie).
Are you serious?
The first powered heavier-than-air flight took place in 1890 (Clement Ader, steam engine on bat-winged monoplane, 60 yards). The Wrights' 1903 flight (300 yards) was the first photographed heavier-than-air flight. [Correction: not quite true; there exist photos of Lilienthal's non-powered heavier-than-air flights in the 1890s.] After the advent of relatively light combustion engines (such as Benz, Otto, Diesel), other pioneers pursued similar approaches, but no photographs were taken by Richard Pearse (New Zealand, March 1903) and Karl Jatho (August 1903). Finally, the Wrights needed headwinds or catapults to start their planes, so they were not fully self-powered. But Brazil's Santos-Dumont was (1906, first official airplane flight).
Important stuff: Richard Pearse March 31, 1902. Accounts by witnesses of the flight vary, from "50 to 400 yards in length", but it seems most likely that it was around 350 yards long, and ending prematurely when the flying machine landed in a large hedge - 4 metres off the ground ! The aircraft was the first to use proper ailerons, instead of the inferior wing warping system that the Wright's used. The flying machine also had a modern tricycle type landing gear, thus negating the need for ramps, slides, or skids. Any suitable road would do. The flying machine was aerodynamically crude, for sure, but did the job on the day, and in fact for months afterwards. By the end of July 1903, Pearse had achieved flights of around one kilometre in length, and perhaps even more amazingly, some of them included turns ! An absolutely fantastic achievement for the time. Pearce also built the engine, which was estimated at about 15 - 22hp, but hampered by a much cruder propeller than the Wright's machine.

? 1906 A.A. Beldiman - aparatul hidraulic cu dalta de percutie pentru sondaje adânci.
Tough to prove!!!

? 1908 Lazar Edeleanu ? primul procedeu de rafinare a produselor petroliere cu bioxid de sulf din lume, procedeu care ii poarta numele.
A good one!!! Oil helped us a lot in the first half of last century.

? 1908 Acad. Nicolaie Vasilescu-Karpen - ?pila Karpen", care functioneaza înca si produce curent electric, neîntrerupt, de aproape 100 de ani!
William Grove produced the first fuel cell in 1839 over 150 years ago. He based his experiment on the fact that sending an electric current through water splits the water into its component parts of hydrogen and oxygen. So, Grove tried reversing the reaction - combining hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity and water. This is the basis of a simple fuel cell. The term “fuel cell” was coined later in 1889 by Ludwig Mond and Charles Langer, who attempted to build the first practical device using air and industrial coal gas.

? 1910 iunie - Aurel Vlaicu - lanseaza primul avion din lume fuselat aerodinamic.
See also Rolland Garos and other Santos-Dumont financed … French aircraft … and … so… on …

? 1910 Tache Brumarescu - masina de taiat sulf.
So what? The Austrians have invented the sowing machine before that. So what. The English invented the automated knitting machines before that. So what?

? 1910 Stefan Procopiu - efectul circular al discontinuitatilor de magnetism.
Bohr-Procopiu magneton … amazing participation to highly sophisticated physics. An excellent one …

? 1910 Gh. Marinescu - tratamentul paraliziei generale.
Close but no cigar! It was alive and well in America before 1900 …

? 1910 Henri Coanda reuseste primul zbor al unui avion cu reactie (fabricatie proprie).
Correct!!! First and foremost, it is now being recognized as the first air-reactive engine (jet) aircraft, making its first and only flight October, 1910. ... in Paris (not Romania, of course).


? 1910 Ioan Cantacuzino - ? fenomenul Cantacuzino? (aglutinarea unor microbi).
How about this? First experiments with streptococcal agglutination Paul Moser and Bensaude, Le phenomene de l'agglutination des. microbes. Carre, Paris 1897. ...

? 1913-1916 Ioan Cantacuzino - vaccinarea antiholerica (metoda Cantacuzino)
Pasteur was known as the father of stereochemistry, but his contributions to microbiology and medicine were greater. Pasteur discovered anaerobic bacteria and two silkworm diseases. It was he who discovered that if you take a microbe that causes a particular disease, for instance, smallpox, and make a weakened form of it, that weakened smallpox microbe can be used to fight off the stronger smallpox microbes. Doctors now inoculate people against all kinds of diseases and, for a time, had almost eradicated smallpox. Pasteur also invented the anthrax vaccine, the cholera vaccine, and the rabies vaccine. He died in 1895.

? 1916 D. Danielopolu - actiunea hipertensiva a digitalei.
The man credited with the introduction of digitalis into the practice of medicine was William Withering. Withering was born in Wellington, Shropshire, England in 1741. He followed in the medical footsteps of his father who was an apothecary-surgeon. Withering received his MD degree in 1766. As an individual, William Withering was an extremely giving person. He would personally see and treat two or three thousand poor patients a year limiting him to making about 1000 British pounds as compared to his contemporary doctors who made 5000 British pounds per year. Withering published about 19 articles during his lifetime. After fighting a long battle with tuberculosis, William Withering, the father of digitalis medicine, died on October 6 1799, at the age of 58.

? 1918 Gogu Constantinescu - întemeiaza o noua stiinta: sonicitatea.
Correct but not in Romania; in England where he educated himself and become a teacher of physics. Had he stayed in Romania he would have done nothing like most of us …

? 1919 Stefan Procopiu - unitatea elementara de energie magnetica (magnetonul).
Same as above, verry good!!!

? 1920 Emil Racovita - pune bazele Institutul de Speologie Cluj (primul din lume).
First in the world is tough to prove!!!

? 1920 ing. Gheorghe Botezatu - a calculat traiectoriile posibile Pamânt - Luna, folosite la pregatirea programelor ?Apollo? (al caror parinte a fost sibianul Herman Oberth); el a fost si seful echipei de matematicieni care a lucrat la proiectul rachetei ?Apollo? care a dus primul om pe Luna.
About the calculations Earth-Moon you must be kidding.
Herman Oberth also started Hitler’s V1 and, by the way, hated Romania and wrote to German leadership to dump Romania as an ally …

? 1921 Aurel Persu - automobilul fara diferential, cu motor în spate (de forma ?picaturii de apa").
Could be but it does not work …

? 1921 Nicolae Paulescu - descopera insulina; pentru ca era un anti-mason virulent, Premiul Nobel l-au primit canadienii F. Banting si J.R.J. McLeod pentru aceasta descoperire?
It should already be clear that 1920 comes before 1921 but anyway … there were others also …
1908 German scientist, Georg Zuelzer develops the first injectible pancreatic extract to suppress glycosuria; however, there are extreme side effects to the treatment.
1010-1920 Frederick Madison Allen and Elliot P. Joslin emerge as the two leading diabetes specialists in the United States.
1913 Allen, after three years of diabetes study, publishes Studies Concerning Glycosuria and Diabetes, a book which is significant for the revolution in diabetes therapy that developed from it.
1919 Frederick Allen publishes Total Dietary Regulation in the Treatment of Diabetes, citing exhaustive case records of 76 of the 100 diabetes patients he observed, becomes the director of diabetes research at the Rockefeller Institute.
July 1, 1920 Dr. Banting opens his first office in London, Ontario. He receives his first patient on July 29th; his total earnings for his first month of work is $4.00.

? 1921 Stefan Procopiu - Fenomenul Procopiu (depolarizarea luminii).
May be …

? 1922 C.Levaditi si Sazevac - bismutul ca agent terapeutic împotriva sifilisului.
Bullshit!!!
Syphilis was treated with mercury or other ineffective remedies until World War I (1914-1916), when effective treatments based on arsenic or bismuth were introduced. These were succeeded by antibiotics after World War II.


? 1925 Traian Vuia - generatorul de abur cu ardere în camera închisa si cu vaporizare instantanee.
Vuia was a great engineer, but when he tried to patent his airplane the Arsenal in Romania threw him out and he had to go to France to find forward looking people to fund his invention … Now we want him! La placinte innainte, la razboi innapoi …

? 1930 Elie Carafoli - avionul cu aripa joasa.
Bullshit!!!
Zdenek Lhota - Czechoslovakia – 1925 - flew the BH-11 low-wing monoplane.
Albert W. (Al) Mooney - chief engineer at Alexander (1928-1929) was responsible for the Bullet, an advanced, high speed, low wing monoplane. With Mooney's patented retractable landing gear, it was a mild sensation and ahead of its time.

? 1933 Henri Coanda - aerodina lenticulara (farfuria zburatoare).
? 1938 Henri Coanda - efectul Coanda.
? 1938 Henri Coanda - discul volant.
The Coanda Effect is a real Romanian contribution to the progress of science. All good!!! But again in England, not in Romania. That should tell anyone something …

? 1952 Ia fiinta Institutul National de Geronto-Geriatrie ?Dr. Ana Aslan", primul institut de geriatrie din lume, model pentru tarile dezvoltate, prin asistenta clinica si cercetare. ?Ana Aslan? are, anual, mii de pacienti.
A big lie …and a lot of word of mouth phony advertising …

Exagerarea contributiei noastre la motorul societatii umane ii face pe unii romani sa creada ca, de buni ce suntem, n-avem nimic de schimbat, iar ceilalti sa ne pupe ...

Sarcina celor ce publca e sa corecteze asta.

Dan Manoliu
Canada
cella draga...pe cine esti tu - de anisia la: 17/08/2005 16:02:07
(la: bărbaţi! (să ne capsăm...))
cella draga...pe cine esti tu asa de suparata? si ce legatura are capsatul cu lupta pentru clasa?
cella seni? scuze.. ma intre - de Honey in the Sunshine la: 07/02/2006 00:44:52
(la: vis cu dracusori colorati)
cella seni?
scuze.. ma intreb o data... cella seni ?! :D
E o gluma ?:)
________________________________________________________
What if nothing exists and we're all in somebody's dream? Or what's worse, what if only that fat guy in the third row exists? - W. Allen
Carti care ne-au marcat existenta - de lmm la: 16/10/2003 14:35:33
(la: Carti ce ne-au marcat existenta)
Din sutele de carti citite sint citeva de care imi amintesc cu deosebit respect si drag...
Viata lui Eminescu de Calinescu, Pinza de paianjen de Cella Serghi care mi-a ``educat`` adolescenta,Copilaria lui Maxim Gorki si Operele lui Guy de Maupassant(scuze daca nu i-am scris numele corect).
Chiar, stie cineva unde se pot gasi carti rominesti?
De ce imi mai amintesc cu placere sint si poeziile lui Topirceanu si St.O Iosif de la care recitam si am obtinut premii intii !!!!!! O:))
Probable incendie criminel dans un collège-lycée israélite en - de Ingrid la: 15/11/2003 13:25:00
(la: Antisemitism)
Probable incendie criminel dans un collège-lycée israélite en région parisienne
Un collège-lycée israélite dévasté par un incendie probablement criminel

Un établissement scolaire israélite a été dévasté par le feu samedi à Gagny (Seine-Saint-Denis), provoquant la colère de la communauté juive mais aussi celle du gouvernement qui a exprimé sa révolte et son indignation.

"La République française ne peut tolérer aucun acte antisémite et l'école plus que tout autre lieu doit demeurer le lieu de la tolérance et du respect", a affirmé Jacques Chirac.

L'incendie s'est déclaré peu après 03h00 dans une ancienne usine acquise par l'association juive orthodoxe Merkaz Hatorah, dont les élèves travaillent dans un bâtiment mitoyen épargné par les flammes. Les pompiers ont engagé une soixantaine d'hommes et neuf grosses lances pour lutter contre le sinistre qui n'a pas fait de blessés.

En fin d'après-midi, l'origine criminelle de cet incendie ne faisait plus guère de doute. Une information judiciaire a été ouverte pour "destructions volontaires" commises en raison de l'appartenance du propriétaire ou de l'utilisateur "à une ethnie, une nation, une race ou une religion", a annoncé le procureur de la République de Bobigny.

L'enquête, qui "sera poursuivie avec la plus grande détermination", selon le procureur Jean-Paul Simonnot, a été confiée au service départemental de police judiciaire de Seine-Saint-Denis. L'instruction sera effectuée par le juge Roger Le Loire. Selon une source policière, cette enquête promet d'être "longue et difficile".

"Depuis la loi du 3 février 2003, ces faits sont désormais passibles de 20 ans de réclusion criminelle ainsi que de 150.000 euros d'amende", a rappelé le ministre de la Justice, Dominique Perben.

Pour le ministre de l'intérieur Nicolas Sarkozy, venu sur place dans la matinée, "les mots d'antisémitisme doivent être prononcés. L'honnêteté, c'est que l'on ne nie pas l'évidence. Quand on met le feu dans une école juive, il m'est difficile de ne pas penser qu'il ne s'agit pas d'un acte antisémite".

Le ministre de l'Education nationale, Luc Ferry, a exprimé sa "consternation", le Premier ministre Jean-Pierre Raffarin sa "vive émotion". Puis, au cours de l'après-midi, le ministre délégué à l'Enseignement scolaire, Xavier Darcos, a évoqué à son tour à Gagny la "révolte du gouvernement français".

Sous contrat avec l'Education nationale, l'école privée juive, située Chemin des bourdons à Gagny, n'est fréquentée que par des garçons. Ses bâtiments accueillent 130 collégiens et 70 lycéens, selon le recteur, M. Saint-Girons. "Il faut maintenant trouver des locaux-relais, soit dans des bâtiments démontables, soit autrement, pour les maternelles et les primaires", a ajouté le recteur.

Le préfet de Seine-Saint-Denis, Michel Sappin, a précisé que Gagny et les villes proches de Villemomble et du Raincy étaient situées dans "un secteur calme de Seine-Saint-Denis".

"Il y a dans ce secteur une importante communauté israélite, mais il n'y a pas de problème en général. (...) Aucune menace n'avait été proférée dans les jours précédents", a-t-il ajouté.

Infg/seb-mba/jfb/mfo/ei


© AFP
#4322 (raspuns la: #4317) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Pas de "Kaliningrad sur la mer Noire" - de SB_one la: 02/03/2004 11:58:36
(la: Care este viitorul Republicii Moldova?)

Pas de "Kaliningrad sur la mer Noire"
par Daniel Vernet

LE MONDE | 27.02.04 | 14h23 • MIS A JOUR LE 27.02.04 | 16h58

A la traditionnelle conférence sur la sécurité qui s'est tenue a Munich au début de février, le ministre russe des affaires étrangeres, Igor Ivanov, a menacé de ne pas ratifier le traité dit CFE, sur les forces classiques en Europe. La menace n'a pas ému grand monde, le texte faisant un peu figure de relique. A tort, car elle est significative d'une nouvelle attitude russe dans ses relations avec les Occidentaux. Le Kremlin veut, en fait, garder des avant-postes militaires dans son "étranger proche" pour faire contrepoids a l'expansion de l'Alliance atlantique, qu'il n'a pas été en mesure d'empecher.

Négocié dans les années 1980 et signé a Paris en 1990, le traité CFE était le complément dans le domaine conventionnel des accords de contrôle des armements nucléaires. Il visait a assurer un équilibre entre les forces de l'OTAN et celles du pacte de Varsovie. Apres la disparition de l'Union soviétique et de son glacis, il a été remanié, et c'est ce texte, qui tient compte de la nouvelle situation créée en Europe par l'indépendance des ex-Républiques soviétiques et l'élargissement de l'OTAN, que Moscou remet en question.

Il est vrai que, pour se conformer au traité CFE, les Russes devraient évacuer les bases militaires qu'ils conservent en Géorgie et en Moldavie (dans la province de Transnistrie). Ils s'y sont engagés a plusieurs reprises sans pour autant passer a l'acte. La situation en Transnistrie, province rattachée a la Moravie par Staline pour contrôler les Bessarabiens, illustre parfaitement l'attitude russe. La Transnistrie est en état de quasi-sécession depuis l'indépendance de la Moldavie en 1991. La 14e armée, commandée a l'époque par le célebre général Alexandre Lebed, y a "défendu la minorité russe" les armes a la main et est restée sur place pour garantir le pouvoir du président moldave autoproclamé Igor Smirnov et de son clan politico-mafieux qui n'obéissent pas au gouvernement central de Chisinau (la capitale).

Au cours d'un séminaire qui s'est tenu pres de Munich - a l'initiative de la Société pour l'Europe du Sud-Est, du ministere allemand des affaires étrangeres et du pacte de stabilité pour l'Europe du Sud-Est -, des experts européens, américains et moldaves se sont penchés sur ce conflit. La situation est un peu plus compliquée encore par les rapports de force politiques en Moldavie meme, oule gouvernement du communiste Vladimir Voronine hésite entre un retour dans le giron russe et un engagement en direction de l'Union européenne...

Un diplomate allemand ne cache pas que Chisinau donne parfois "l'impression d'etre plus intéressée par les fonds européens que par les valeurs européennes". Le ministre moldave des affaires étrangeres, AndreiStratan, n'a pas dissipé cette impression en réclamant la constitution d'un "fonds d'aide au choix européen" de la Moldavie. Ce pays est le plus pauvre d'Europe, derriere l'Albanie. "C'est votre droit de choisir un partenariat stratégique avec Moscou, a insisté un autre participant allemand, mais ce choix est incompatible avec le choix européen. On ne peut a la fois vouloir adhérer a l'UE et faire partie d'une zone de libre-échange avec la Russie, le Kazakhstan, la Biélorussie et l'Ukraine." Chisinau a, par exemple, demandé une aide européenne pour adopter le systeme douanier russe.

L'ambiguité de la position officielle moldave, condamnée par l'opposition démocratique qui a été balayée aux dernieres élections, a été soulignée par l'accueil réservé a une récente proposition russe de solution de la crise. Alors que trois médiateurs ont été désignés (l'Organisation pour la sécurité et la coopération en Europe -OSCE-, la Russie et l'Ukraine), Moscou a présenté unilatéralement, a la fin de l'année derniere, le "mémorandum Kozak", du nom d'un conseiller de Vladimir Poutine, Dmitri Kozak. Dans ce texte, la Russie proposait la création en Moldavie d'une fédération "asymétrique" dans laquelle les autorités de Transnistrie (en fait Moscou) auraient eu un droit de veto sur toutes les affaires moldaves. "En contrepartie", le Kremlin aurait retiré ses troupes... en 2012 ou 2020. Dans un premier temps, le premier ministre Vladimir Voronine a accepté le "mémorandum Kozak" avant de revenir sur sa décision, sous la pression amicale des Européens et des Américains. Les Occidentaux rappellent les engagements pris par la Russie, réitérés en 1999, au sommet de l'OSCE a Istanbul, par le président Eltsine, de se retirer de Moldavie avant la fin 2003 !

UN COUP DE BLUFF

Selon Moscou, il n'y aurait plus que 1 280 soldats russes en Transnistrie. Les Occidentaux pensent qu'ils sont en réalité 1 800 ou 2 000, la différence tenant au fait que les soldats russes "démobilisés" vont grossir les rangs de l'"armée" de Transnistrie. Celle-ci serait maintenant plus importante que l'armée moldave elle-meme. De plus, les Russes insistent pour maintenir une présence militaire en Moldavie, meme apres un reglement, sous le couvert d'une force internationale de maintien de la paix. Enfin, ils demandent une aide occidentale pour démanteler ou transférer les énormes dépôts de munitions qu'ils conservent en Transnistrie. Le cout de l'opération serait de 3 milliards a 8 milliards de dollars.

Meme si le "mémorandum Kozak" n'a été qu'un ballon d'essai ou un coup de bluff, les conditions mises par les Russes au respect de leurs engagements rendent les observateurs perplexes quant aux objectifs fondamentaux de Moscou en matiere de sécurité.

Obligée d'abandonner, apres 1991, les positions transitionnelles de la diplomatie tsariste puis soviétique, la Russie cherche a maintenir des abces de fixation pour contrôler sa périphérie. Sa présence en Transnistrie lui permet, notamment, d'exercer une pression sur le flanc sud de l'Ukraine.

Une diplomate roumaine se félicite de l'indépendance de la Moldavie, qui épargne a son pays une frontiere commune avec la Russie. Mais, ajoute-elle, "s'il n'y a pas de sécurité sur le Dniestr -qui sépare la Transnistrie du reste de la Moldavie-, il n'y aura pas de sécurité sur le Prout -qui court entre la Moldavie et la Roumanie-". Or le Prout sera en 2007 une frontiere extérieure de l'Union européenne.

Cette diplomate émet la crainte que la Transnistrie ne se transforme en une sorte de "Kaliningrad sur la mer Noire", autrement dit en une enclave russe qui permette a Moscou de perturber le bon fonctionnement de l'Europe.

"Comment convaincre la Russie d'abandonner une conception soviétique de ses relations avec ses voisins ?", s'interroge un responsable de l'OSCE chargé du dossier moldave. La récente dégradation des relations russo-américaines et russo-européennes montre que la réponse a cette question n'a pas encore été trouvée.



http://www.lemonde.fr/web/article/0,1-0@2-3232,36-354669,0.html





SB
................................................................
Infinitul e mare, mai ales catre sfirsit.
(W. Allen)
#11133 (raspuns la: #11124) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Salariul - de Little Eagle la: 12/03/2004 13:00:42
(la: Cat va ramane din salariu?)
Draga elefant roz,

Cit ramine din salariu e si in functie de cit cistigi lunar si de stilul de viata,cu cit cistigi mai mult cu atit cheltuiesti mai mult,si depinde si unde locuiesti,zona,daca ai casa ta personala ori stai cu chirie.Din cite inteleg, tu ai salariu mic,altfel n-ai sta cu chirie.
Eu si sotia mea,italianca-americana,casatoriti de 14 ani,nu avem copii.Avem o vila cu trei dormitoare la etaj si la parter,living-room,dining-room,baie,bucatarie.Eu cistig intre 7000$-10.000$ pe luna,fiind artist profesionist,lucrez strict de acasa in arta de advertising,ilustrez reclame pt. Tvnea Americana pt. diverse agentii mari din NY de adv.
Sotia a lucrat o vreme in NY dar nu mai e necesar pt. ca eu cistig de ajuns pt. amindoi.
Casa o platim lunar pe timp de 30 ani prin mortgage si ne costa 1600$ pe luna.Masinile,ne costa inchiriatul pt. amindoua(Volvo 2004 model)660$ pe luna,telefon,fax,cell,computer,costa 127$ lunar,taxele de proprietate sint de 1060$ la fiecare 3 luni,lumina(inclusiv aragazul caci e electric) este de cam 53$ lunar.Mincarea e de 200$pe saptamina,Tv ul este de 73$ lunar(multe canale),incalzirea centrala cit si AC e de 86$ lunar,asigurarea medicala e de 600$ lunar,asigurarea casei de 64$ lunar,alte cheltuieli ar fi de 400$lunar,deci as zice cu aproximatie ca lunar cheltuim din salariu cam 5000$,daca am o luna buna si fac 10.000$ ramine destul sa punem si pt. pensii,dar si daca fac 7000$ si tot ramine pt. ca luna dupa luna banii sint mereu in banca cel putin 12.000$ in afara de aceste cheltuieli.
Asa ca nu ne plingem,nici nu gindim la bani pt. ca ei sint mereu in banca.
Ca proprietar insa ai mari avantaje cind vine vremea taxelor,pt. ca ti se va da inapoi 40% din taxele de proprietate,si eu ca artist free-lance,ORICE cheltuieli ce am lunare vor fi scazute la jumate lucrind acasa si pe cont propriu.
Spre ex. reduc lumina,electricul,telefonul,computerul,milele la masina,cheltuieli pt. materiale de arta,restaurante in scop de serviciu.Asa ca din toate voi primi de la guvern inapoi jumatate din aceste cheltuieli ce le fac pe an!
Am un contabil al nostru si niciodata NU am avut de dat bani la guvern,ci de primit si in jur de 3000$-4000$ pe an.
E mai bine sa ai casa ta pt. ca platesti putin mortgage si de ce ai da chirie cind ai putea sa dai banii pe propria casa?Cu 1600$ chirie de ex. inchiriezi o camaruta in NY!
Locuim intr-o zona plina de natura si paduri si la 7min. de plaja oceanului Atlantic(locuim in New Jersey),avem o gradina mare si superba de care se ocupa Marilyn,sotia.Zona e rezidentiala si sint numai vile in jur si liniste.Aer curat,pasari multe si animale salbatice care ne fac vizite dese zilnic.
In spatele vilei dincolo de gradina este un lac cu papuris mare populat de egrete,stirci,rate si giste,marmite,possoms,ereti ,testoase
iepuri si vin in gradina si le dam de mincare.La fel raccoons.
Sintem la 15min. distanta de soacra-mea,care are casa ei la fel,si la 30min distanta de cumnata-mea,sora mare a lui Marilyn care e casatorita de 27 ani cu David,ce este milionar,si este sef executiv la o mare firma de bursa din NY.
Deci asta ar fi pe scurt raspunsul meu la intrebarea ta.Deci as zice ca-mi ramin lunar in jur de 5000$.
Cumnata-meu face acesti bani....pe ora!!!Niciodata insa NU l-am invidiat!!
Pe alta data si mult noroc.

LOVE&PEACE,
Ozzy
Smena-8M - de Dragos Bora la: 25/04/2004 10:24:53
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
Salut! Shterpelita de pe zenitcamera@yahoogroups.com:
--------------------------------------------------------------

Another likely streetshooter from LOMO is the toy-like
Smena-8M. It has one unique attribute which no other camera can
have- its being toy-like will make it (or its owner) survive
mean streets. No thief would even consider stealing it. Aside
for this, the Smena-8M is by all means a complete camera. It is
the best beginner's camera. Having no automatic features can
make anyone familiar with not only the parts, but also their
raison d'etre. It has shutter speed range which is almost like
the one found on a Zorki or Zenit- except that it starts at 1/15
and tops at 1/250. Its lens is a real anastigmat- a Triplet-
which focuses as a unit*, rather than by front cell
displacement, as with most compact cameras. The Smena-8M is
also light, and simple to use.
And being mechanical means that it is relatively free from the
problems which ail the electronic Kiev 35A or the LOMO LKA.

Jay
(the Zorki-1 and FED 1 still top my list!!! :-)

-------------------------------------------------------------
Committee to Protect Journalists - de Dinu Lazar la: 06/05/2004 23:51:38
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
NEWS
Committee to Protect Journalists

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: MONDAY, MAY 3, AT 00:01 GMT (For Monday's Newspapers)

CPJ Names World's Worst Places to Be a Journalist

New York, April 30, 2004-The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) is marking World Press Freedom Day, Monday, May 3, by naming the World's Worst Places to Be a Journalist.
The list of 10 places represents the full range of current threats to press freedom.

At the top of the list is Iraq, where 25 journalists have died since the U.S.-led war began in March 2003. A brutal crackdown launched last year in Cuba by Fidel Castro's government has left an unprecedented 29 journalists behind bars, serving lengthy prison terms of up to 27 years. Last year saw the biggest blow to Zimbabwe's beleaguered press when authorities closed the country's only remaining independent daily. CPJ also placed Turkmenistan, Bangladesh, China, Eritrea, Haiti, the West Bank and Gaza, and Russia on the list of Worst Places to Be a Journalist.


"In all of these places, reporting the news is an act of courage and conviction," said CPJ Executive Director Ann Cooper. "Journalism is essential in helping all of us understand the events that shape our lives, and our need and desire for information cannot be eliminated by violence and repression."


WORLD'S WORST PLACES TO BE A JOURNALIST:

IRAQ

More than a year after the war in Iraq began, the country remains the most dangerous place in the world to work as a journalist. Twenty-five journalists have been killed in action in Iraq since March 2003. Twelve have been killed in 2004 alone-all of them Iraqis.

Postwar Iraq is fraught with risks for reporters: Banditry, gunfire, and bombings are common. Insurgents have added a new threat by systematically targeting foreigners, including journalists, and Iraqis who work for them.
At least six Iraqi media workers have been murdered, and several more have received threats. Armed groups have abducted some eight journalists in 2004, though all have been released.

U.S. forces pose an additional threat to working journalists: at least seven-and possibly as many as nine-journalists have been killed by gunfire from U.S. forces. Other journalists-mostly Arab or Iraqi-have been detained and suffered mistreatment at the hands of U.S. forces.

CUBA

The arrest and long-term imprisonment of 29 journalists in 2003 has decimated Cuba's fledgling independent press. A year after the government of President Fidel Castro Ruz launched a massive crackdown against the press and the political opposition, the imprisoned journalists and their families are harassed and exposed to humiliating prison conditions and psychological torture. They have denounced inadequate medical attention, have been placed in solitary confinement, and have complained about receiving foul-smelling and rotten food. The journalists, who are held in maximum-security facilities, went on hunger strikes several times to demand better conditions. Those journalists who were not imprisoned continue to face routine police intimidation and harassment and are careful about what they write. They say they have been visited by state security officials and issued warnings to stop writing or face the consequences.

ZIMBABWE

For the last four years, Zimbabwe's government has pursued a relentless crackdown on the private press through harassment, censorship, and restrictive legislation. Last year saw the biggest blow to press freedom yet, with authorities closing the Daily News, Zimbabwe's only independent daily and the country's most popular paper. The country's Media and Information Commission (MIC), whose board is government-appointed, refused to register the newspaper despite two court orders to do so. And in February 2004, the Zimbabwean Supreme Court upheld legislation requiring journalists and media outlets to be licensed by the MIC, making it a criminal act to practice journalism without government approval. Those who fail to register face fines and up to two years' imprisonment.

Zimbabwean officials have proven particularly sensitive to coverage of political unrest and the country's severe economic problems. Journalists who reported on pro-democracy rallies were arrested by police and attacked by ruling party supporters. Last year, authorities deported the last foreign reporter based in Zimbabwe, the U.K. Guardian's Andrew Meldrum, whom officials called an "undesirable inhabitant."

TURKMENISTAN

Because political dissent is not tolerated by Turkmenistan's totalitarian regime, independent journalism is practically non-existent.
President-for-life and self-proclaimed "father of all Turkmen,"
Saparmurat
Niyazov, maintains strict control over all newspapers, radio, and television stations by personally appointing editors, and his office approves news reports before they are published or broadcast.

One of the only independent media outlets that penetrates this system of control is the reporting broadcast from abroad by the Turkmen service of the U.S. government-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL). And again this year, RFE/RL was subjected to intense official harassment. In September 2003, National Security Service (MNB) agents detained an RFE/RL stringer based in the capital, Ashgabat, for two days, threatened him with 20 years in prison for betraying his country, and injected him multiple times with an unknown substance. More recently, in February 2004, MNB agents arrested two RFE/RL freelancers after one smuggled 800 copies of his banned novel into Turkmenistan. Both were released from prison in March after CPJ and other press freedom groups protested. However, the journalists still face charges of slander and instigating social, ethnic, and religious hatred and have been pressured to sever all ties with RFE/RL.


BANGLADESH

Crime, corruption, and lawlessness make Bangladesh the most violent country for journalists in Asia. Reporters routinely face threats, harassment, and often brutally violent physical attacks in retaliation for their reporting.
Despite promises from government officials to apprehend those responsible for assaults, the majority of attacks on journalists go unpunished. Deep political divisions in the country and within the journalism community also contribute to the climate of fear.

CPJ has documented dozens of violent attacks against Bangladeshi journalists during the last decade, including the murders of seven journalists in the last eight years. Journalists working outside the capital, Dhaka, are particularly vulnerable. Veteran journalist Manik Saha was killed in January
2004 in the southwestern city of Khulna when unidentified assailants threw a homemade bomb at him. In December 2003, a group of thugs affiliated with the ruling Bangladesh Nationalist Party tried to kill Shafiul Haque Mithu in the southwestern town of Pirojpur after he wrote a series of articles exposing local officials' abuse of power.

CHINA

During the last year, the newly installed government of President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao has escalated an assault on the burgeoning independent-minded media in China. Authorities have arrested high-profile editors, closed publications, and imposed news blackouts on politically sensitive events.

The crackdown reached an apex in early 2004, when officials arrested three popular and respected editors from the pioneering Southern Metropolis News for alleged corruption. The charges came after the paper published a series of reports on the resurgence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, local police violence, and other sensitive topics. Chinese journalists have called the arrests the "darkest moment" in 20 years of media reform in China.

Forty-one journalists are now imprisoned in China, making it the world's leading jailer of journalists for the fifth year in a row. Independent writers and commentators on the Internet are particularly targeted for prosecution. The arrest of prominent and outspoken commentator Du Daobin in late 2003 sent a clear message to all Internet writers that free expression online will not be tolerated.

ERITREA

Eritrea has been Africa's foremost jailer of journalists since September 2001, when the government banned the entire private press and detained independent reporters. Seventeen journalists are now in secret jails across the tiny Red Sea nation, almost all of them held incommunicado. President Isaias Afewerki and top government officials have accused independent journalists of espionage, spreading disinformation, and "endangering national unity." Authorities continue to insist that the private press also operated without proper licenses, and that independent journalists routinely evaded the compulsory National Service Program. Despite these allegations, no formal charges have been brought against any of the journalists, and the government has given no indication that it intends to prosecute them.

The ruling party has a firm grip on the state media, whose employees are censored and also practice self-censorship. Afewerki has been unfazed by persistent international denunciation of his human rights record and continues to dismiss foreign critics as enemies of Eritrea.


HAITI

Press freedom conditions have seriously deteriorated in Haiti since September 2003, when the murder of a notorious gang leader sparked nationwide violence. From January to March 2004, journalists became targets during the uprising that led to the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide on February 29. While hostility against Haitian journalists is common, foreign correspondents were also attacked while covering the two-month rebellion. In March, a Spanish television correspondent was killed and a U.S. photographer was wounded by gunfire. Several radio stations were torched around the country. Investigations into the 2000 and 2001 murders of two prominent Haitian journalists have shown no progress. The Haitian judicial system's failure to prosecute these crimes has perpetuated a climate of impunity, forcing dozens of journalists to go into exile or seek political asylum.

THE WEST BANK AND GAZA

The West Bank and Gaza Strip remains one of the most unpredictable and potentially dangerous assignments for journalists. At least three journalists have been killed there since April 2003-each by Israeli army gunfire. Israeli troops often harass or attack Palestinian journalists, and Israeli authorities enforce tough restrictions on their freedom of movement.
Palestinian journalists are vulnerable to the increasing lawlessness in the Occupied Territories.

Palestinian militias and armed groups have frequently threatened and assaulted reporters and in some cases have ransacked news offices. In 2003 and 2004, Palestinian gunmen raided two television news offices and a newspaper in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, attacked a correspondent on the street in Gaza, and assaulted a reporter in Ramallah.

RUSSIA

President Vladimir Putin's "managed democracy," which includes using various branches of the state bureaucracy to rein in the independent media, is making the practice of independent journalism in Russia more and more tenuous. A shift from blatant pressures to more subtle and covert tactics, such as politicized lawsuits and hostile corporate takeovers by businessmen with close ties to Putin, has allowed the Kremlin to stifle criticism of the president and reports on government corruption and human rights abuses committed by Russian forces in Chechnya.

In advance of the December 2003 parliamentary elections and March 2004 presidential elections, the Kremlin tightened its legal and bureaucratic controls over the domestic press. Russian press groups criticized the Central Election Commission for failing to sanction the state-run national television channels for improperly promoting Putin and pro-Kremlin parties during the campaigns.

Journalists in Russia's provinces continue to be murdered with impunity.
In
October 2003, the editor-in-chief of an independent newspaper in the Volga River city of Togliatti was stabbed to death because of his paper's coverage of organized crime and government corruption. He was the paper's second editor-in-chief to be murdered in 18 months.

The Committee to Protect Journalists is a non-partisan, nonprofit organization dedicated to defending press freedom worldwide.




"The only death you die is the one you die daily by not living. Dream big and dare to fail." - Norman Vaughn

Sallie Dean Shatz
sallie@sopris.net
970 923 6757 h
970 948 2901 cell
#15072 (raspuns la: #15037) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Poze pe sub fuste, la americani - de Dinu Lazar la: 26/05/2004 14:59:30
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
1.
"A Mineola man was arrested after taking a snapshot under a woman's skirt as she rode up an escalator in the Roosevelt Field Mall on Sunday, Nassau County police said.

Third Squad detectives said Scott D. Lyons, 31, of 366 Herricks Rd., had been standing behind an unidentified woman who was wearing a short skirt at about 3:30 p.m. when he placed a compact digital camera under the garment and took a picture.

Third Precinct Police Officers Thomas Kennedy and Glen Wachter, who were behind Lyons at the time, were alerted to the crime when the camera flashed, Det. Sgt. Richard S. Dorsi said at a news conference at police headquarters in Mineola Monday. The officers arrested Lyons once they reached the top of the escalator, which is near the Nordstrom store in the East Garden City mall. But the alleged victim disappeared into the crowd, Dorsi said.

"We'd love to talk to the victim," Dorsi said, urging anyone who has information about the incident to call Crime Stoppers at 800-244- TIPS. "She had no idea that this occurred."

Lyons could not be reached to comment Monday.

Dorsi said that police seized a camera from Lyons and that Lyons, who did not protest his arrest, also later surrendered his computer without officers seeking a warrant.

Lyons is charged with unlawful surveillance, a Class E felony.
Officers issued Lyons an appearance ticket and he will be arraigned in First District Court in Hempstead next Tuesday.

2.
"Upskirting" has happened in this state (Washington), so the state quickly passed a new paragraph to the law which governs lewd behavior with a camera (including cell phones) with respect to unsuspecting or non-consenting individuals. The target is not the camera, but the invasion of personal space by unwanted person/persons.
In other words, if you have their permission, it is okay! The rule is a fair extension of the "Peeping Tom" and hole in the ladies restroom ceiling/wall rules. Just a new application of what a reasonable person would find unacceptable behavior by a stranger.
We don't view it as a restriction on photographers, but a restriction on invasion of private body space.
#15881 (raspuns la: #15853) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
LMC - de Little Eagle la: 27/06/2004 02:24:52
(la: Cum sa devii un liberal de nota 10!)
Eu sunt si am fost multi ani,freelance artist,fie ca am lucrat in Comic Books industry,fie ca azi de 7 ani la fel sunt free lance in advertising industry(TV comercials-sunt sigur ca ai vazut la TV multe la care am lucrat,fi pe faza la toate legate de De Beers-diamonds are forever,Ragu,Smirnoff ice,Volvo,dentyne,trident,adica ce am lucrat nou in ultimele 2 luni,poate nu-s inca la tv-apar cam dupa 4-6 luni de la realizare si filmari etc.,dar definitiv sunt cele vechi lucrate anul trecut,sau la inceput de an actual,sunt ale mele toate).

Vreau sa-ti spun ca exista diverse feluri de a plati taxe mici ca freelance,eu de
ex. am un f. bun accountant(italian),de 4 ani si MEREU primesc bani de la IRS si State,cel putin cate 4000$ de la IRS si cam 1000$ de la Nj State.
NICIODATA NU am platit un cent la guvern!

I file W2 forms(estimated tax return),la fiecare 3 luni pe an,uneori I skip si nu e neaparat nevoie sa platesti la data fixa!Ci poti plati mai mult si depinde cand ai banii la indemana,asa-i ca freelance.
Inteleg ca esti freelance in meseria ta,nu stiu in ce fel poti face deductions,dar cred ca poti.

Iti dau ex. meu:
-Orice iesire cu masina in interes de serviciu= aduni costul la benzina si la tolls pe highway,pastrezi orice chitante.
-Orice iesire la restaurant in interes serviciu= deduci din taxe.
-Orice materiale de lucru,de la agrafe la mese si birouri deduci din cost cel putin 80%.
Am cumparat de ex. computerul meu(IMAC10.5,imbunatatit azi,+G5 etc,I mean,scanner pro,Fax.xerox DSL connections with Verizon on line etc,all about 6000$.Acum 2 ani,si am primit acesti bani INAPOI,fiind pt. Business-ul meu propriu.

Culori,hartie,creioane,gume,ORICE legat de arta deduc din taxe.
La fel lumina electrica,daca lunar platesc sa zic 34$,deduc din plata 24$.
La telefon la fel,daca am lunar 128$ de plata +48$pt. cell phone,platesc in total cam 50$.Fiind V.I.P la Verizon,the use of computer is 20$ a month instead of 54!Am totul hooked with Verizon.La fel deduc si plata la TV,am satelite dish cu Directv.Stii de ce? Pt. ca mereu pot spune ca urmaresc filme si orice programe TV din p.d.v de meserie....sa ma educ in arta comerciala si pt. asta ORICE program este pt. mine un mijloc de a studia....daca lunar costul la peste 200 canale e de 76$,eu platesc 22$!!!

De fapt,orice fac este pt. arta si deduc si daca merg la plaja,pt. ca e un drum de facut in interes de serviciu!Sa observ lumea sa vad valuri si ocean etc.
Dar pot sa-ti spun ca nu intotdeauna sunt si corect.Ha!
De ex. merg cu Marilyn la un restaurant,evident nu e ...interes de serviciu,dar iau chitanta si scad din taxe costul....HA!Zic ca a fost business lunch or dinner

Daca as veni de ex. sa te vad(NU cred ca ai dori pt. ca azi ma urasti)in CA,as primi inapoi 90% din costul biletului de avion,pt. ca as declara la taxe ca am facut o vizita in scop de lucru!

De aceea NU am de ce sa ma plang.Cred ca platesc cam 3% taxe.
Viata de artist...ziua vesel,noaptea trist.

Dar ca veni vorba de noi doi,habar nu am DACA tot ce am scris azi(in prostie,atatea texte),vor fi si publicate.Mi-ar parea sincer rau pt. ca sunt ultimele mele cuvinte in cafenea,de maine,Nu mai aveti de-a face cu mine.
Am spus deja adio tuturor.
Incerc sa scriu azi cat pot de mult.
Inca odata Nu e vina ta ci a mea,recunosc si pt. ultima data iarta-ma,sa pot dormi linistit tonight.
Chiar daca nu vei crede niciodata,am fost si sunt sincer,NU v-am mintit pe nimeni din cafenea,Nu am gandit macar(in naivitatea mea)ca pot starni contradictii si lumea ma va vedea altfel de cum sunt,pt. ca putini ma cunosc cu adevarat,multi trag concluzii pripite.

I really love you,simt asta in mine si NU e vorba de..... sex...ce tampit pot fi uneori imi e rusine de mine insumi!!!!Imi vine sa ma ascund undeva sa nu ma vada nimeni.

Adio Magdalena(un nume ce de mic copil am iubit),ne vom vedea in alta viata,nicidecum in ...hell!

Ozzy










































































#16831 (raspuns la: #16698) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Magdalena - de Little Eagle la: 30/06/2004 19:35:06
(la: Vreti sa se intoarca Ozzy la cafeneaua.com?)
Dear sister,

Cred ca inebunesc.....am scris un text acum 3 sec.si l-am pierdut!!!!
Am scris ieri in prostie si cred ca nu au ajuns la cafenea.....am avut probleme cu computerul si abia azi am reusit sa cumpar un nou keyboard,de aceea nu ti-am scris.ti-am dat ieri si tel mele si le repet aici din nou:

Home:1-732-290-2496
Cell 1-908-902-4488
Fax: 1-732-290-2542

Scrie-mi,ori suna-ma,cred ca la tine e 9AM acum.
I love you darling,
Love&peace,
Ozzy Osbourne

From my black heart,please forgive me.
Asa sunt...a problem child,and I'm wild uneori......sotia mea e bucuroasa ca nu avem copii......unul ca mine ii e de ajuns....!!!!!




#17072 (raspuns la: #17069) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC,LMC - de Little Eagle la: 30/06/2004 22:22:36
(la: Vreti sa se intoarca Ozzy la cafeneaua.com?)
"Back in black,I hit the sack
I've been too long,I'm glad to be back,
Yes,I'm let loose from the noose,
That's kept me hanging about
I've been looking at the sky
'Cause it's getting me high
Forget the hearse'Cause I never die,
I got nine lives,cat's eyes,
Abusing everyone of them and running wild

'Cause I'm back in black,yes I'm back,well I'm back
I'm back in black,yes I'm back in black.
.........."
Cred ca nu e nevoie sa spun cui apartin aceste lyrics,trebuie ca toata lumea a auzit de AC/DC,nu?????
So I'm baaackk,back in black.

E greu sa scapati de mine si nici eu de voi...deh,love is so strong!!!!!
Ma iubeste cineva din voi?I'm just a problem child.
I am hot,and when I'm not,I'm cold as ice......

Am scris azi si ieri destule texte....nu-s publicate...am sa acord 2 zile,poate 3 in plus daca Admin ma cenzureaza caci asta observ acum,nu mai scriu.

Magdalena,Ti-am raspuns de cateva ori....ti-am dat si tel mele sa avem o conversatie,nu mai depinde acum de mine ci de Admin,este the middleman si daca vrea publica,daca nu sunt dat afara.

Nu stiu de ce trebuie oare sa publice un mic text?Ori acum de cand sunt considerat un ..rebel yell se citesc textele mele printre randuri???????Poate e ascuns un mesaj rau?ca in acele cantece....cu mesaje inverse:????
What's next to the moon Admin?????Chiar asa rau am devenit?????Si Hagi a luat cartonase galbene si totusi lumea il iubeste inca.

Sper sa publici textele mele curand,sa stiu de voi toti.
Magadalena,darling,
:home1-732-290-2496
Cell:1-908-902-4488
fax 1-732-290-2542


Love&peace,
Ozzy

Ps:My girl ,ieri am dat un scurt interview la ora8AM la airradioamerica,la show-ul lui Mark Marin&mark Riley.L-am bestelit pe Bush ca toata tzara m-a auzit.L-am comparat cu Ceausescu,2 dictatori,sambata va fi repeat deci poate ma vei auzi la radio.
Am mers in NYC unde au statia si era si ...Slick Willie acolo!!!!!!Am dat mana cu el,era sa-si faca reclama la cartea lui,fusese si luni.

Hey,cine-i faimos in cafenea?????Ozzy!!!!!
Love you sis,
Soon,and forgive me again,I'm a bad boy boogey.

Admin get cracking si pune-te pe tiparit la textele mele,primele sa fie....HA!!!!!
Trebuie sa ma ajung din urma acum....ma alerg pe mine insumi ori alerg de unul singur???


Adios machukambos




































#17089 (raspuns la: #17069) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Dear Admin,

As dori sa stiu de ce nu-mi publici deloc textele ce am scris ieri?Cred ca vreo 10...si poate 5 lui LMC in care incerc sa-mi cer iertare de atatea ori.
Nu as vrea sa creada ca am disparut aiurea fara sa fac asta,ma faci sa ma simt f. nasol si realmente trist,de luni beau iar in prostie,incat nu stiu cand sunt treaz sau beat,ma consum si nu vrei sa ma ajuti deloc.

Oare sa ma apuc iar de droguri in plus????Sunt o fire cum sunt si trec de la o stare la alta f. repede,oricat de negru ....as avea sufletul,sunt de multi ani o fire sensibila si daca plang,nu degeaba mi s-a dat numele de Little Eagle Who Cries de fratii mei Navajo.

Am mai scris ca de la acel Malcom McDowell din A clockwork orange...de la inceputul filmului,am devenit cel de la sfarsit azi.
Chiar asa m-ai pus la colt complet???Oare cati din cafenea nu se cearta dar ies mereu basma curata,eu...am folosit cuvinte dure si urate ca de birjar,dar macar sunt sincer,nu am 2 fetze ca multi altii.
Recunosc comportamentul meu urat,dar as dori sa am o discutie cu LMC,de prietenie desigur.

Cred ca putini o iubesc asa de mult ca mine.Acum am devenit un Jim Morrisson din nou,stau cu sticla de Jack Daniels la scaun....
Da-mi un semn,ori ajung la un mental institution....sotia mea chiar cu 3 zile in urma mi-a zis ca as trebui sa fiu internat.

Vrei sa ma ai pe constiinta acum????
Incerc sa lupt cu acest demon alcohol.....I think I'll start to live inside the bottle again.....
Te rog sa dai lui LMC(scriu pt. a nu stiu cata oara)tel.mele:
Home 1-732-290-2496
Cell 1-908-902-4488(sotia insa il are acum cu ea)
Fax 1-732-290-2542

Sa incerce la home insa,ori fax,la fel de ce nu-mi dai telefon sa vorbim?????

Te rog, from the bottom of my black heart,daca e sa faci un gest pt. un om ce sufera destul chiar de atatea zile,vei publica acest text ori vei face in asa fel sa ajunga la LMC sa ma sune.

Am I asking for much?And all of you have a drink on me.Let's party and live for today,tomorrow never comes.....

I love you all,God bless you,
Love&peace,and nu-ti face probleme,I'll be cool si PROMIT solemn ca NU am sa mai vorbesc urat si sa injur pe nimeni!!!!!So help me God!

Ozzy Osbourne,
the Ozzman cometh













































#17150 (raspuns la: #16795) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Voting.... - de Little Eagle la: 02/07/2004 08:27:01
(la: Vreti sa se intoarca Ozzy la cafeneaua.com?)
Oh my God.....,

Mama mia...sunt undeva pe la ...mustata?Boy oh, boy....multi nu ma agreati deloc.....dar e okay.Multi nici azi Nu agreaza prea mult pe...Jim Morrisson,Ozzy Osbourne,John Lennon........ori ii cred debusolati si drogati,betivi notorii,sau ....comunisti....sotia mea a plans in nestire cand John a fost omorat aiurea de un cretin.....ce faceati voi in 1980 cand ea alaturi de mii de oameni aveau lumanari in Central Park La Dakotta Building si plangeau de tot pamantul parca plangea cu oricine cand acest mare geniu al muzicii....zacea intr-o balta de sange?chiar era el un ....comunist????Chiar a trebuit sa astepte 6 ani sa primeasca viza de intrare in USA pt. ca Nixon nu-l agrea??

Apoi daca veti gandi impotriva acestui om asa de MINUNAT si SuFLETIST si care a vrut doar PACE pe acest pamant si lume,NU STIU ce sa mai cred despre voi????Chiar il veti pune la colt pt. ca ...a scris si compus cu Paul cantece ce istoria lumii le are in minte de toate generatiile?Cine NU a ascultat un cantec de Beatles?????

Dar la fel,cine NU a ascultat un cantec asa de la inima scris si compus de John Lennon?
Stiu ca am luat-o iar razna,dar am sau nu dreptate???

Ce am facut ,am facut,ca-s liberal in gandire,impuscati-ma in spate,ca pe John
ca am ideile mele,Nu am vrut neaparat sa le bag in cap nimanui,NU a fost intentia mea chiar daca ar parea....!

I just wanted to be friends with all of you,no bad intentions/Cred ca uneori am luat-o razna....to much booze...incerc sa ma las de bautura,e greu cand esti un addict,dar uite ca pe 7 Iulie fac 1 LUNA de cand m-am lasat de fumat complet...pt. mine e o mare realizare...fumam 3 pachete pe zi,sa ma iau la intrecere cu ...Johnny(Depp),el ce sa mai zic...4 pachete pe zi!!!!!Acum s-a dat pe tutun si foita de tigara...dar tot .....cel putin 80 fumeaza pe zi si e tanar...are 2 copilasi mici si o sotie(Daniel ori cei din Paris o stiti,Vanessa Paradis)superba,a good looker,better than kate Moss(the model)...dar totusi nu stiu...doar parerea mea,se poate sucari .....a cam facut-o....Winona Ryder...boy...cred ca m-am masturbat in contul ei de zeci de ori,imi place mult de ea...crazy guy I am....din greseala am ajuns....sa am o relatie cu...Dolly Parton,evident nu regret,big boobs....si inca le-a micsorat prin operatie!!!!

I kinda like BIG BOOBS,like pillows to rest my head and suck like a little baby those nipples......big or small....God...am ajuns iar sa vorbesc urat...a la howard Stern...pe asta nu l-am cunoscut dar as vrea caci e impotriva lui Bush.

Ha!Dar spun ca oricand am ocazie sa vorbesc despre Romania,mereu cu vorbe bune,sa stie toti astia mari si faimosi ca NU-s chiar buricul universului!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Avem si noi romanasi faimosi si ii spun oricui mereu,ar trebui sa am grad de ambasador cumva!!!

ca NU exista DOAR NADIA,ILIE Nastase,Ion Tiriac,sau....HAGI,ca avem si arta si frumuseti ale naturii,ca NU suntem...Tsarani si ...barbari...de parca ne tragem din ...CONAN.

Mereu am facut asta de cand am pus piciorul cu 23 ani in urma in tsara asta!!!!!!Lupt pt. poporul meu indian pe cale de disparitie azi?Lupt pt. Romania unde m-am nascut?Pt. oameni de culoare?Fie chinezi,negri ori evrei?
LUPT pt. toti si in numele tuturor religiilor si credintelor,pt.mine TOTI AVETI ACELASI SANGE CU AL MEU!!!!!Credeti ca ar fi alte culori?
Si pt. asta va voi apara cu sufletul si viata,voi muri pt. voi!!!!!La orice secunda!!!!NU GLUMESC de loc!!!!!!

Pt. mine viata NU are un aspect anume sa fiu legat de minciuna si iluzie,ea e un vis mare,un miraj,dar sufletele au conexiuni,se cunosc,se iubesc,se leaga,se casatoresc,se unesc si vor muri unul pt. altul/alta....
La fel si cu necunoscuti...asa zisi...dragii mei,,,NE CUNOASTEM TOTI DE MII DE ANI,NU INTAMPLATOR azi ne adunam la un loc cu totii sa vorbim!!!!!Aveti incredere in mine si ce zic,nu e ...whiskey-ul din mine......!!!!

Poate am o filosofie si experienta indiana si cunosc cate ceva...multe dar NU le SPUN INCA SI STITI DE CE??????PT> ca lumea m-ar considera nebun!!!!!
M-ar interna la balamuc...chiar NU pot vorbi cu sotia mea.....lumea NU vrea sa auda de sfarsitul lumii,ca 3/4 din omenirea toata va pieri curand.....
Nu-i ceva apocaliptic sau biblic in acel sens...dar NU mai vorbesc acum!!!!

Nu vreau sa ma considerati crazy...NU SUNT!!!!!Cum il credeti pe Jack Nickholson in ...One flew over the coocko's nest?Nu sunt....acel Jack din Shinning!!!!!!Poate insa asa ma vedeti multi din moment ce am fost votat la ...mustata....unii din voi,desigur ma vad cu ....toporul in mana si un ranjet pe dinti,spargand usa la baie si spun...."Here's Johnny".
Apoi atunci pt. cei ce ma ganditi asa,ori sunt Johnny,ori...Freddy Krugger?
Ei bine NU SUNT NICIUNUL!!!
Sunt un simplu om ce iubeste si vrea sa fie iubit,atata tot!!!E ceva rau in acest vis?
Inchei deci cu ...desigur un cantec,al grupului meu favorit,Black Sabbath,e din 1973 si Ozzy a scris cuvintele,Ozzy....MY HERO!!!!
So,Here we go now,God bless you all,I wanna see your hands up in the air,are you high????????'Cause I am high and drunk and feeling fine....keep on smoking....you know what I am talking about...I love you all,you really make me so happy being back with you again ...From the bottom of my black heart,FORGIVE MY WICKED SOUL and let's play some real rock'n roll!!!!!This is for you and if you read between the lines.....you'll get to me.!

A NATIONAL ACROBAT(From Sabbath Bloody Sabbath)

I am the world that hides the universal secret of all time.
Destruction of the empty spaces is my one and only crime.
I've lived a thousand times,I found out what it means to be believed,
The thoughts and images,the uborn child of Devil that never was conceived.

When little worlds collide,I'm trapped inside my embryonic cell
And flashing memories are cast into the never ending well.
The name that scorns the face,the child that never sees the cause of man
The deathly darkness that belies the fate of those who never ran...

Well I know it's hard for you to know the reason why
And I know you'll understand more when it's time to die,
Don't believe the life you have will be the only one,
You have to let your body sleep,to let your soul live on.

Love has given love to you and now it's your concern
Unseen eye of inner life will make your soul return,oh yeah,
Still I look but not to touch,the seeds of life are sown
Curtain of the future falls,the secret stays unknown

Just remember love is life and hate is living death
Treat your life for what it's worth and live for every breath,
Looking back,I lived and learned but now I'm wondering
Here I wait and only guess,what this next life will bring....?

Geezer-bass
Ozzy-vocals+words
Tony-guitars
Bill-drums(HE IS A GREAT GUY!!!!!!!)
All great guys!!!!

Daniel,stiu ca esti poet,ce crezi de Ozzman?Beat mort,drogat dar mereu scrie versuri si poezie de cazi pe jos!!!!Ca si Jim Morrisson.....alt mare betiv si drogat de parca are vreo importanta..... sa spun cinstit? cele mai bune llucrari ce am pictat si au avut mare succes la vanzari in USa.....le-am pictat fiind drogat sau beat mort....!Cand esti...dus.....pe alt taramuri,parca ai tot talentul
din lume la fingertips...fara misto...dar uneori cand o iei razna si creierul e ...on fire...te crezi...un mare ...geniu...crezi ca nimeni nu te egaleaza...nici Michelangelo...!!!!Atunci,trebuie sa te trezesti din betia grandorii....
Mai vorbim....Love&peace,
Ozzy....a lost soul?













Kundera - de (anonim) la: 10/08/2004 18:29:25
(la: Carti ce ne-au marcat existenta)
Marturisesc ca n-am avut rabdare sa citesc toate posturile sa vad daca a scris cineva de Kundera ... eu alternez Kundera cu David Lodge de ceva vreme (dupa cum imi pica in mana). Recomand "Nemurirea" de Milan Kundera, cu precizarea ca m-a deprimat pe o perioada destul de buna de timp (e o carte care te face sa-ti pui intrebari!) si "Lentoarea" aceluiasi Kundera, ca antidot ("o nazbatie" de carte, dupa cum o numeste insusi autorul).

De la David Lodge recomand "Muzeul Britanic s-a daramat" - e amuzanta, placuta si in acelasi timp pune probleme.

Alte carti care m-au marcat: Mizerabilii lui Hugo, pe care ii recitesc periodic; "Cum simte domnisoara Smilla zapada" de Peter Hoeg (n-o sa regasesc nicaieri atmosfera din cartea asta); Jose Saramago cu absolut tot ce a scris, in special cu "Evanghelia dupa Isus Christos" si "Eseu despre orbire"; Orson Scott Card cu trilogia lui Ender ... si multe altele din care nu pot sa-i omit pe CIRESARII lui Chirita!!!

Dintr-un motiv sau altul, nu m-am impacat niciodata cu Mario Vargas LLosa, il dispretuiesc usor pe Coelho si il admir destul de detasat pe Garcia Marquez. Cel care cumva m-a mai gadilat intr-un mod placut dintre autorii sudamericani a fost Borges, desi doar cu anumite bucati ale operei.

Ah, si m-au mai marcat cartile scrise de femei (Cella Serghi, Henriette Yvonne Stahl, George Sand, Virginia Woolf, Rosa Montero si chiar Rodica Ojog Brasoveanu, cu a ei Melania ... )

Si autorii rusi, ca fiica "a profei de rusa" ce ma aflam (Gorki, Tolstoi, Ostrovski, diversi anonimi ...)

Si, cu parere de rau, n-am inteles nimic din monumente ale literaturii si culturii ca "Jocul cu margele de sticla", "Muntele vrajit", "Crima si pedeapsa" si inca cateva. Pur si simplu nu le-am putut citi.

Cred insa cu tarie ca fiecare lectura isi are varsta ei (si Ciresarii merg la orice varsta :) si, asa cum acum n-as mai citi pentru nimic in lume muschetarii lui Dumas, poate vreodata voi fi in stare sa citesc si sa pricep ceva din monumentele care acum imi par inaccesibile.

Dintre autorii romani contemporani, poate o sa par snoaba, dar imi place Cartarescu. Prefer poezia si proza scurta totusi, la Orbitor deja ma pierde.

Si gata.

Chris
organic vs biologic - de desdemona la: 03/11/2004 11:31:29
(la: Obezitatea la americani)
E o particularitate a limbii engleze vs franceza, cand se foloseste in mod conventional un cuvant si nu altul pentru a desemna un obiect. E ciudat uneori pentru un observator din afara, ca intotdeauna sa isi aminteasca exact cuvantul ce trebuie folosit. In Anglia se foloseste cuvantul 'organic' pentru ceea ce in Franta se numeste 'bio" sau "produit issu de l'agriculture biologique". La fel se foloseste in Anglia "mobile" pentru celular si in Franta "portable". In America se mai foloseste (corectati-ma daca gresesc) si "cell phone". Daca ii spui unui francez ca vorbesti pe 'mobile' ai sanse sa se uite mirat la tine, si la fel daca ii spui ca mananci legume 'organice' - isi va inchipui ca esti un fel de martian care poate la o adica sa consume materii anorganice ... pietre si fier vechi.
Si exista un control strict asupra calitatii, se pedepseste foarte aspru incercarea de-a vinde ca 'bio' un produs care nu e conform standardelor. Daca o analiza dovedeste asta, vanzatorul risca prea mult, deci de regula nu se produc astfel de fraude.
Desdemona
#27474 (raspuns la: #27472) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
cu mandrie va aduc...De unde vin - de Adela Adriana Moscu la: 21/02/2005 19:53:52
(la: Romanii vazuti de romani)
WHERE I COME FROM...
de ADELA A MOSCU

I come from the lands of

the Carpathians Mountains,

where the river of Somes

bears witness to many lovers

soothing each other’s wounds

dreaming for lands of opportunity,

the land of Freedom...

From the Heart of Transylvania

I bring you ballads of longing,

dances of passion, and soothing lullabies.

It was a sunny day of August

I flew over the Ocean of Atlantic

American skies of the seventies

caressed me with their international winds,

lit the path of my destiny

with their bright stars...

So much to see...

so much to feel...

so much to learn...

My open heart absorbed it all,

embraced it all...

So thirsty was my soul for self expression,

My every cell was burning with desire to

make a difference in the hearts

of those who suffer.

I wanted to make beauty

for the sake of healing...

Between two cultures I

I pray for peace,

and here I am

a Citizen of the World

wishing to hug all who are lost,

who are forgotten in the shadows of

indifference, prejudice and hate.

I come from the lands

where birds sing a romance language,

petals of roses are transformed into jams,

flowers of elderberry are made into cold juices

cups of words are found at every corner

with a smile of hope,

red wines overflow at cozy taverns

and no one is alone on holidays,

where friendship lasts a life time

and everyone still has a dream.



Copyright- Adela-Adriana Moscu , January 10, 2005, Lancaster, PA, USA


more poems at www.poezii.ro and www.scrie.com/adela
afirmatii gratuite sau sprijinite de evidenta stiintifica? - de Cassandra la: 02/05/2005 17:08:06
(la: Oamenii devin homosexuali/lesbiene, sau se nasc asa ?)
"se pare ca n-ai gasit pe internet explicatia stiintifica a acelui "complex proces de simbioza". N-o mai cauta ca nici n-ai s-o gasesti, pentru ca nu exista."

Exista si poate fi gasita de cei care stiu ce si unde sa caute:

Symbiosis as a mechanism of evolution: status of cell symbiosis theory.
Margulis L, Bermudes D. Symbiosis. 1985;1:101-24.
Department of Biology, Boston University, MA 02215, USA.

Several theories for the origin of eukaryotic (nucleated) cells from prokaryotic (bacterial) ancestors have been published: the progenote, the direct filiation and the serial endosymbiotic theory (SET). Compelling evidence for two aspects of the SET is now available suggesting that both mitochondria and plastids originated by symbioses with a third type of microbe, probably a Thermoplasma-like archaebacterium ancestral to the nucleocytoplasm. Recognizing the power of symbiosis to recombine in single individual semes from widely differing partners, we develop the idea that symbiosis has been important in the origin of species and higher taxa. The abrupt origin of novel life forms through the formation of stable symbioses is consistent with certain patterns of evolution (e.g punctuated equilibria) described by some paleontologists.


The ring of life provides evidence for a genome fusion origin of eukaryotes.
Rivera MC, Lake JA. Nature. 2004 Sep 9;431(7005):152-5.
Molecular Biology Institute, MCD Biology, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA.

Our analyses indicate that the eukaryotic genome resulted from a fusion of two diverse prokaryotic genomes, and therefore at the deepest levels linking prokaryotes and eukaryotes


Cell symbiosis [correction of symbioisis] theory: status and implications for the fossil record.
Margulis L, Stolz JF. Adv Space Res. 1984;4(12):195-201. Department of Biology, Boston University, MA 02215, USA.

Modern biological techniques, especially nucleic acid and protein sequencing, have clearly established the validity of the symbiotic theory of the origin of eukaryotic organelles. The serial endosymbiotic theory in its most extreme form states that three classes of eukaryotic cell organelles (mitochondria, plastids and undulipodia) originated as free-living bacteria (aerobic respirers, phototrophic bacteria and spirochetes respectively) in association with hosts that become the nucleocytoplasm (Thermoplasma-like archaebacterial hosts).


Sint numai citeva articole din miile existente in bazele de date stiintifice, disponibile in Internet.

Pt. Cassandra - de Paianjenul la: 16/06/2005 13:06:05
(la: Oamenii nu se trag din maimuta)
"Evolutia este un concept deosebit de important pentru bunastarea omenirii, stiinta medicala si intelegerea lumii. Este o teorie plina de credibilitate, sustinuta de un numar crescind de probe si studii stiintifice acceptate de oamenii de stiinta."


- Daca asa stau lucrurile, cum iti explici ca - te citez:

"Creationismul care are pretentia de a fi o stiinta are astazi din ce in ce mai multi adepti in defavoarea teoriei evolutioniste."?!...

...si ca,

acesti "din ce in ce mai multi adepti" nu mai sint babele si mosii analfabeti din nu stiu care catun de munte "uitat de Dumnezeu"... ci sint indivizi care au dobindit pe cai oneste una sau mai multe diplome universitare (si isi desfasoara si in prezent activitatea) - nu in domeniul arhitecturii, artelor plastice, etc... ci - sic - in domeniul biologiei, fizicii atomice, geologiei... sau mai stiu eu carei discipline de al carei suport teoria evolutionista are nevoie cu atita disperare pentru a supravietui?!...

Te invit sa inspectezi modesta lista de mai jos, si sa precizezi pe citi dintre cei enumerati in ea ii suspectezi de incompetenta/lipsa de onestitate academica... ce anume ii descalifica (,) ca autentici oameni de stiinta... si ce anume ii plaseaza in inferioritate academica in raport cu oamenii de stiinta care accepta varianta evolutionista:

1. Dr Paul Ackerman, Psychologist
2. Dr E. Theo Agard, Medical Physics
3. Dr James Allan, Geneticist
4. Dr Steve Austin, Geologist
5. Dr S.E. Aw, Biochemist
6. Dr Thomas Barnes, Physicist
7. Dr Don Batten, Plant physiologist, tropical fruit expert
8. Dr John Baumgardner, Electrical Engineering, Space Physicist, Geophysicist, expert in supercomputer modeling of plate tectonics
9. Dr Jerry Bergman, Psychologist
10. Dr Kimberly Berrine, Microbiology & Immunology
11. Prof. Vladimir Betina, Microbiology, Biochemistry & Biology
12. Dr Raymond G. Bohlin, Biologist
13. Dr Andrew Bosanquet, Biology, Microbiology
14. Edward A. Boudreaux, Theoretical Chemistry
15. Dr David R. Boylan, Chemical Engineer
16. Prof. Linn E. Carothers, Associate Professor of Statistics
17. Dr David Catchpoole, Plant Physiologist (read his testimony)
18. Prof. Sung-Do Cha, Physics
19. Dr Eugene F. Chaffin, Professor of Physics
20. Dr Choong-Kuk Chang, Genetic Engineering
21. Prof. Jeun-Sik Chang, Aeronautical Engineering
22. Dr Donald Chittick, Physical Chemist
23. Prof. Chung-Il Cho, Biology Education
24. Dr John M. Cimbala, Mechanical Engineering
25. Dr Harold Coffin, Palaeontologist
26. Dr Bob Compton, DVM
27. Dr Ken Cumming, Biologist
28. Dr Jack W. Cuozzo, Dentist
29. Dr William M. Curtis III, Th.D., Th.M., M.S., Aeronautics & Nuclear Physics
30. Dr Malcolm Cutchins, Aerospace Engineering
31. Dr Lionel Dahmer, Analytical Chemist
32. Dr Raymond V. Damadian, M.D., Pioneer of magnetic resonance imaging
33. Dr Chris Darnbrough, Biochemist
34. Dr Nancy M. Darrall, Botany
35. Dr Bryan Dawson, Mathematics
36. Dr Douglas Dean, Biological Chemistry
37. Prof. Stephen W. Deckard, Assistant Professor of Education
38. Dr David A. DeWitt, Biology, Biochemistry, Neuroscience
39. Dr Don DeYoung, Astronomy, atmospheric physics, M.Div
40. Dr Geoff Downes, Creationist Plant Physiologist
41. Dr Ted Driggers, Operations research
42. Dr André Eggen, Geneticist
43. Prof. Dennis L. Englin, Professor of Geophysics
44. Prof. Danny Faulkner, Astronomy
45. Prof. Carl B. Fliermans, Professor of Biology
46. Prof. Dwain L. Ford, Organic Chemistry
47. Prof. Robert H. Franks, Associate Professor of Biology
48. Dr Alan Galbraith, Watershed Science
49. Dr Paul Giem, Medical Research
50. Dr Maciej Giertych, Geneticist
51. Dr Duane Gish, Biochemist
52. Dr Werner Gitt, Information Scientist
53. Dr Dianne Grocott, Psychiatrist
54. Dr Stephen Grocott, Industrial Chemist
55. Dr Donald Hamann, Food Scientist
56. Dr Barry Harker, Philosopher
57. Dr Charles W. Harrison, Applied Physicist, Electromagnetics
58. Dr John Hartnett, Physicist and Cosmologist
59. Dr George Hawke, Environmental Scientist
60. Dr Margaret Helder, Science Editor, Botanist
61. Dr Harold R. Henry, Engineer
62. Dr Jonathan Henry, Astronomy
63. Dr Joseph Henson, Entomologist
64. Dr Robert A. Herrmann, Professor of Mathematics, US Naval Academy
65. Dr Andrew Hodge, Head of the Cardiothoracic Surgical Service
66. Dr Kelly Hollowell, Molecular and Cellular Pharmacologist
67. Dr Ed Holroyd, III, Atmospheric Science
68. Dr Bob Hosken, Biochemistry
69. Dr Neil Huber, Physical Anthropologist
70. Dr Russell Humphreys, Physicist
71. Dr James A. Huggins, Professor and Chair, Department of Biology
George T. Javor, Biochemistry
72. Dr Pierre Jerlström, Creationist Molecular Biologist
73. Dr Arthur Jones, Biology
74. Dr Jonathan W. Jones, Plastic Surgeon
75. Dr Raymond Jones, Agricultural Scientist
76. Prof. Leonid Korochkin, Molecular Biology
77. Dr Valery Karpounin, Mathematical Sciences, Logics, Formal Logics
78. Dr Dean Kenyon, Biologist
79. Prof. Gi-Tai Kim, Biology
80. Prof. Harriet Kim, Biochemistry
81. Prof. Jong-Bai Kim, Biochemistry
82. Prof. Jung-Han Kim, Biochemistry
83. Prof. Jung-Wook Kim, Environmental Science
84. Prof. Kyoung-Rai Kim, Analytical Chemistry
85. Prof. Kyoung-Tai Kim, Genetic Engineering
86. Prof. Young-Gil Kim, Materials Science
87. Prof. Young In Kim, Engineering
88. Dr John W. Klotz, Biologist
89. Dr Vladimir F. Kondalenko, Cytology/Cell Pathology
90. Dr Leonid Korochkin, M.D., Genetics, Molecular Biology, Neurobiology
91. Dr John K.G. Kramer, Biochemistry
92. Prof. Jin-Hyouk Kwon, Physics
93. Prof. Myung-Sang Kwon, Immunology
94. Prof. John Lennox, Mathematics
95. Dr John Leslie, Biochemist
96. Prof. Lane P. Lester, Biologist, Genetics
97. Dr Jason Lisle, Astrophysicist
98. Dr Alan Love, Chemist
99. Dr Ian Macreadie, molecular biologist and microbiologist:
100. Dr John Marcus, Molecular Biologist
101. Dr George Marshall, Eye Disease Researcher
102. Dr Ralph Matthews, Radiation Chemist
103. Dr John McEwan, Chemist
104. Prof. Andy McIntosh, Combustion theory, aerodynamics
105. Dr David Menton, Anatomist
106. Dr Angela Meyer, Creationist Plant Physiologist
107. Dr John Meyer , Physiologist
108. Dr John N. Moore, Science Educator
109. Dr John W. Moreland, Mechanical engineer and Dentist
110. Dr Henry M. Morris, Hydrologist
112. Dr John D. Morris, Geologist
113. Dr Len Morris, Physiologist
114. Dr Graeme Mortimer, Geologist
115. Prof. Hee-Choon No, Nuclear Engineering
116. Dr Eric Norman, Biomedical researcher
117. Dr David Oderberg, Philosopher
118. Prof. John Oller, Linguistics
119. Prof. Chris D. Osborne, Assistant Professor of Biology
120. Dr John Osgood, Medical Practitioner
121. Dr Charles Pallaghy, Botanist
122. Dr Gary E. Parker, Biologist, Cognate in Geology (Paleontology)
123. Dr David Pennington, Plastic Surgeon
124. Prof. Richard Porter
125. Dr John Rankin, Cosmologist
126. Dr A.S. Reece, M.D.
127. Prof. J. Rendle-Short, Pediatrics
128. Dr Jung-Goo Roe, Biology
129. Dr David Rosevear, Chemist
130. Dr Ariel A. Roth, Biology
131. Dr Jonathan D. Sarfati, Physical chemist / spectroscopist
132. Dr Joachim Scheven Palaeontologist:
133. Dr Ian Scott, Educator
134. Dr Saami Shaibani, Forensic physicist
135. Dr Young-Gi Shim, Chemistry
136. Prof. Hyun-Kil Shin, Food Science
137. Dr Mikhail Shulgin, Physics
138. Dr Emil Silvestru, Geologist/karstologist
139. Dr Roger Simpson, Engineer
140. Dr Harold Slusher, Geophysicist
141. Dr E. Norbert Smith, Zoologist
142. Dr Andrew Snelling , Geologist
143. Prof. Man-Suk Song, Computer Science
144. Dr Timothy G. Standish, Biology
145. Prof. James Stark , Assistant Professor of Science Education
146. Prof. Brian Stone, Engineer
147. Dr Esther Su, Biochemistry
148. Dr Charles Taylor, Linguistics
149. Dr Ker C. Thomson, Geophysics
150. Dr Michael Todhunter, Forest Genetics
151. Dr Lyudmila Tonkonog, Chemistry/Biochemistry
152. Dr Royal Truman, Organic Chemist:
153. Dr Larry Vardiman, Atmospheric Science
154. Prof. Walter Veith, Zoologist
155. Dr Joachim Vetter, Biologist
156. Dr Tas Walker, Mechanical Engineer and Geologist
157. Dr Jeremy Walter, Mechanical Engineer
158. Dr Keith Wanser, Physicist
159. Dr Noel Weeks, Ancient Historian (also has B.Sc. in Zoology)
160. Dr A.J. Monty White, Chemistry/Gas Kinetics
161. Dr Carl Wieland, Medical doctor
162. Dr Lara Wieland, Medical doctor
163. Dr Clifford Wilson, Psycholinguist and archaeologist
164. Dr Kurt Wise, Palaeontologist
165. Dr Bryant Wood, Creationist Archaeologist
166. Prof. Seoung-Hoon Yang, Physics
167. Dr Thomas (Tong Y.) Yi, Ph.D., Creationist Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering
168. Dr Ick-Dong Yoo, Genetics
169. Dr Sung-Hee Yoon, Biology
170. Dr Patrick Young, Chemist and Materials Scientist
171. Prof. Keun Bae Yu, Geography
172. Dr Henry Zuill, Biology



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