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Peste 3500 de videouri de cursuri cu teorie, teste si exemple explicate
la: 05/06/2006 00:52:45
Imi amintesti de "How high".. cam atat.:))
He who laughs last thinks slowest.
Let's get high ....????
- de (anonim) la: 15/09/2003 10:29:02
Ani de liceu, cu emotii la romana si tatuaje in buric
"Let's get high"....dovedeste imaturitatea de care inca dai dovada avind in vedere ca-ti trebuie marijuana ca sa functionezi in viata.
Exemplu tau de-ati trai viata "getting high" dat societatii nu face doi bani .Atita timp cit stilul tau de viata nu-mi afecteaza copiii, face ca totul sa fie "OK" in cea ce ma priveste, plus ca "getting high" este interzis in mai toate tarile lumii inclusiv Romania. Probabil ca atunci cind o sa ai copii nu o sa-i inveti si pe ei sa "get high " cu tine sau sa consumati alcohol impreuna in discoteci de dragul distractiei.
#264 (raspuns la: #254)
De citit, ca de dus un dialog e mai greu se pare...
la: 31/12/2003 01:16:24
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
SO YOU WANNA BE A DIGITAL EVENT PHOTOGRAPHER...
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JIM TWEEDIE: WEDDINGS - DIGITAL OR FILM OR BOTH?
Happy medium? In part one of a three-part article, Jim covers his thoughts
on when to shoot film, and when to shoot digital when creating wedding
images. Here's an insiders view to this hot topic.
WILL CROCKETT RAVES About.. Monitors!
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SUZETTE ALLEN: MORE ADVANCED TOUCHING TECHNIQUES
This month Suzette shows us an advanced technique for quick eyeglass glare
removal with great results.
IRA GOSTIN: GUERILLA NOT GORILLA (MARKETER)
As you wrap up the year and set your focus on marketing efforts for 2004,
be a GUERILLA in your strategies. In Ira's smARTICLE this month read how
you can integrate some of these guerilla tactics into your marketing for
MARC HAUSER: HOW TO BECOME A GREAT PHOTOGRAPHER
"People ask me all the time how do you become a great photographer? I
always reply----take lots of photographs and find great faces!!!!!!"
Please enjoy and absorb the latest of Marc's "Stories":
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RANGEFINDER MAGAZINE REFERS TO OUR OWN WILL CROCKETT AS A "GENIUS"? ....HA!
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View a special Holiday card to you from ShootSmarter thanks to Shelly at
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#7480 (raspuns la: #7273)
How to win friends
- de (anonim) la: 27/05/2004 07:40:11
Carti ce ne-au marcat existenta
"How to win friends" a lui Dale Carnegie e cartea mea de suflet. Mi-a marcat vata intr-o maniera considerabila. O recomand tuturor. Cine mi-a dat-o cadou, initial, a vrut sa ma loveasca in amorul propriu. Nici macar nu-si imagineaza ce bine enorm mi-a facut. II multumesc din suflet!
Ca sa va conving de ce valoare inestimabila are aceasta carte, va redau cel mai simplu citat, tradus asa cum am putut:
... dind cadou un zimbet:
"Nu costa nimic, dar cistigi mult.
Imbogateste pe cel ce-l primeste, fara sa saraceasca pe cel ce-l daruieste.
Dureaza o secunda, dar amintirea lui poate fi eterna.
Nimeni nu e asa de bogat ca sa reuseasca sa traiasca o viata fara sa primeasca un zimbet.
Nimeni nu e asa de sarac, de a nu se simti mai bogat daca daruieste un zimbet.
E un relax pentru cei obositi, o lumina de speranta pentru descurajati, o raza de soare pentru cine e trist, cel mai bun remediu natural impotriva problemelor vietii.
Nici o persoana nu are mai putina nevoie de un zimbet decit persoana care nu-l mai poate poate darui."
... si un altul
"Valoarea unei persoane poate fi data si de motivele pentru care se supara".
#15919 (raspuns la: #11393)
la: 29/06/2004 19:43:36
Ozzy vs LMC
de cand se traduce "jew" prin "jidan"(termen insultator)?
N-am intentionat sa jignesc pe nimeni si nu stiam ca "jidan" e un termen insultator; daca e imi cer scuze. Cum s-ar traduce atunci? --- ca n-am un dictionar englez-roman la indemina.
Dupa cite stiu eu: hebrew = evreu
israeli = israelian
jew = ? (eu credeam jidan---corectati-ma)
jewish = de religie ?
Citez mai jos pentru cei ce au timp sa citeasca din Oxford English Dictionary:
oed jew | more
Jew (d3(j)u:), sb. Forms: Sing. 3 Gyu, 4 Giu, Gyw, Iu, Iuu, Iuw(e, Ieu, Ieuu,
Ieu3, 4-5 Iwe, 4 (6 Sc.) Iow, 4-7 Iewe, 5 Ieue, 5-6 Iue, (Ive), 4-7 Iew, 7-
Jew. Plur. 2 Giwis, 3 Giws, Gius, Gyu(e)s, 3-4 Gywes, Giwes, Geus, 4 Iuu(e)s,
Iuwis, Iow(e)s, Ioues, Iewis, -ys, -us, 4-5 Iuwes, 4-6 Iues, 4-7 Iewes, 5
Iuys, 6 Sc. Iowis, Iouis, 4-7 Iews, 7- Jews; beta. 4 Iuen. [ME. a. OFr. giu,
gyu, giue, earlier juieu, juiu, jueu:-L. iudaeum (nom. -us) Jew (cf. Fr. dieu,
ebreu:-L. deum. hebraeum); in later Fr. juif, fem. juive. L. iudaeus was a.
Gr. iota-omicron-upsilon-delta-alpha-iota--omicron-sigma-, f. Aramaic y'hudai,
corresp. to Heb. y'hudi Jew, f. y'hudah Judah, name of a Hebrew patriarch and
the tribe descended from him. (The OE. equivalent was Iudeas Jews, Early ME.
Iudeow, Iudew: see JUDEW.)]
1 a A person of Hebrew descent; one whose religion is Judaism; an Israelite.
Orig. a Hebrew of the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to those of the ten tribes
of Israel; later, any Israelite who adhered to the worship of Jehovah as
conducted at Jerusalem. Applied comparatively rarely to the ancient nation
before the exile (cf. HEBREW sb. 1), but the commonest name for contemporary
or modern representatives of this group, now spread throughout the world. The
word `Jew' is also applied to groups, e.g. the Falashas in Ethiopia, not
ethnically related to persons of the main European groups, the Ashkenazim and
C. 1275 Passion our Lord 351 in O.E. Misc. 47 Pilates hym onswerede, am ich
Gyv penne? A. 1300 Cursor M. 3944 (Cott.) O sinnu etes neuer Iuu [v.rr. ieuu,
iew]. A. 1300 Cursor M. 11072 (Cott.) It halus bath Iu and sarzine. C. 1310 in
Wright Lyric P. (Percy Soc.) 100 Ich holde me vilore then a Gyw [rimes bowe,
trowe, now]. C. 1340 Cursor M. 4532 (Trin.) Therynne a iewes childe we fonde.
C. 1340 Cursor M. 18579 (Trin.) And namely leue herof no iwe For al pus dud
pei wip ihesu. 1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) VI. 385 Charles Grossus was
i-poysoned of a Iewe [v.r. Iuw]. A. 1400 Pistill of Susan 2 That was a Ieu3
ientil, and Ioachin he hiht. C. 1440 Promp. Parv. 266/2 Ive, judeus. 1530
PALSGR. 235/1 Jue a man of jurye, jvif. 1572 Satir. Poems Reform. xxxi. 173
Mair nor in Jurie dois the Jow. 1596 SHAKS. Merch. V. III. i. 61 What is the
reason? I am a Iewe; Hath not a Iew eyes? 1615 G. SANDYS Trav. 52 His mother a
Iew both by birth and religion. 1775 SHERIDAN Rivals II. i, She shall have a
skin like a mummy, and the beard of a Jew. 1820 BYRON Blues I. 77 You forget
Lady Lilac's as rich as a Jew.1940 AUDEN Another Time 116 He [sc. Sigmund
Freud] Was taken away from his old interest To go back to the earth in London,
An important Jew who died in exile. 1956 I. MURDOCH Flight from Enchanter ix.
126 `Of course, you realize that I could rescue you with my little finger,'
said Mrs Wingfield. `I'm as rich as a Jew!' 1970 R. D. ABRAHAMS Positively
Black iii. 76 The Englishman is arrogant and overbearing, the American is a
check-writing millionaire who doesn't mind the cost, the Jew tries to push
down the entry price into heaven. 1970 Times 28 Jan. 10/4 At the heart of the
matter lies the rabbinical definition of a Jew: a person born of a Jewish
mother, or a person who has converted to Judaism according to rabbinical law.
1974 J. R. BAKER Race xiv. 234 From the traditional religious point of view, a
Jew was a person born of a Jewish mother, but this formula suffers from the
defect that the defined word is included in adjectival form in the definition.
The same flaw occurs in part of the new definition enacted by the Israeli
Parliament in..1970, according to which a person is a Jew if he or she is the
offspring of a Jewish mother or has been converted to the Jewish faith by the
Orthodox Rabbinate or by the Rabbis of the Jewish Reform Movement or by the
Rabbis of the Jewish Conservative Movement.
plural. C. 1175 Lamb. Hom. 9 Alswa hefden pe giwis heore sinagoge. C. 1250
Old Kent. Serm. in O.E. Misc. 26 Hi..askede wer was se king of gyus pet was
i-bore. C. 1250 Old Kent. Serm. in O.E. Misc., 26 King of geus. A. 1300
Cursor M. 142 O pe Iuus [v.rr. iewes] and moyses. A. 1300 Cursor M. 19129
(Gott.) Thar badd pai iuen suld paim 3eme. A. 1340 HAMPOLE Psalter xxvii. 5
The iowes sloghe crist. 1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) VIII. 53 That he schulde
doo pe Iewes [v.r. Iuwes] out of Engelond. 1482 CAXTON Trevisa's Higden
(Rolls) IV. 369 The Iuwes accused Pilatus to Tiberius. 1533 GAU Richt Vay 30
Ve prech Iesu Christ crucifeit, sclander to the Iowis and folie to the
gentils. 1548-9 (Mar.) Bk. Comm. Prayer (Coll. Good Friday), Haue mercy upon
all Iewes, Turkes, Infidels, and heretikes. 1611 BIBLE 2 Kings xvi. 6 At that
time Rezin king of Syria..draue the Iews from Elath. 1619 SANDERSON Twelve
Serm. (1632) 2 In Rome there lived in the Apostles times many Iewes. 1710 etc.
[see FALASHA]. 1776 GIBBON Decl. & F. xv, The same..abhorrence for idolatry
which had distinguished the Jews from the other nations of the ancient world.
1968 L. ROSTEN Joys of Yiddish 142 Relentless persecution of Jews, century
after century, in nation after nation, left a legacy of bitter sayings: `Dos
ken nor a goy.' (`That, only a goy is capable of doing'). 1971 B. MALAMUD
Tenants 50 The Jews got to keep us bloods stayin weak. 1974 J. R. BAKER Race
xiv. 232 In various parts of the world today there are communities that
practise the Jewish faith in one form or another, but are ethnically distinct
from the Jews of Europe and North America.
gen. plur. A. 1225 Ancr. R. 394 Uorto acwiten ut his leofmon of Giwene
honden. A. 1225 Juliana 62 Ant poledest pinen ant passiun purh giwes read on
rode. A. 1300 Cursor M. 4532 (Cott.) Thar in a Iuen child [Trin. iewes childe]
we fand. C. 1300 Cursor M. 19289 (Edin.) The iuwin folc felune. C. 1300Cursor
M. 21696 (Edin.) Mang pe Iuwis lede. C. 1350 Childh. Jesus 616 (Matz.) Giwene
children feole..Him siweden. C. 1449 PECOCK Repr. III. iii. 291 If Cristen
preestis weren Iewen preestis. 1653 GREAVES Seraglio 150 In the Kings
Seraglio, the Sultana's are permitted to employ divers Jewes-women about their
b Jew's eye: proverbial expression for something valued highly.
1592 G. HARVEY Pierce's Super. 85 A souerain Rule, as deare as a Iewes eye.
1596 SHAKS. Merch. V. II. v. 43 There will come a Christian by, Will be worth
a Iewes eye. 1833 MARRYAT P. Simple ii, Although the journey..would cost twice
the value of a gold seal, yet, that in the end it might be worth a Jew's eye.
1844 WILLIS Lady Jane I. 212 From dome to floor, Hung pictures..Each `worth a
c Black Jew (see quot. 1967); also = FALASHA.
1807 C. BUCHANAN Jrnl. 4 Feb. in Christian Res. in Asia (1811) 192 The
resident Jews are divided into two classes, called the Jerusalem or White
Jews; and the Ancient or Black Jews. The White Jews reside at this place [sc.
Cochin]. The Black Jews have also a Synagogue here; but the great body of
that tribe inhabit towns in the interior of the province. A. 1817 T. DWIGHT
Trav. New-Eng. (1823) III. 174 The black Jews in Hindostan. 1822 Imperial Mag.
IV. 358 A copy of the Hebrew Pentateuch..found in one of the Black Jews'
Synagogues, at Cochin. 1843 J. C. MAITLAND Lett. from Madras xviii. 178, I
told him about the first preachers, the Black Jews, the Syrian Christians, &c.
1892 G. M. RAE Syrian Church in India x. 150 These black Jews are converts to
the faith from among the people of the land. 1907 I. ZANGWILL Ghetto Comedies
155 The black Jews..surrounded by all those millions of Hindoos. 1930 H.
NORDEN Africa's Last Empire 185 The black Jews among whom he works. 1964 [see
FALASHA]. 1967 D. T. KAUFFMAN Dict. Relig. Terms 77/1 Black Jews, in India,
term applied to brown-skinned Jews to distinguish them from a group known as
`White Jews'. Sometimes used also for Negro Jewish groups. 1974 J. R. BAKER
Race xiv. 232 The Falasha or `black Jews' of Ethiopia are members of the
Aethiopid subrace, a hybrid taxon.
d A ship's tailor. Hence also jewing vbl. sb. and ppl. a. Naut. slang.
1916 Chambers's Jrnl. May 278/2 They [sc. ships' tailors] were still known as
`jews'. 1916 Chambers's Jrnl., May 278/2 The term `jewing', as sewing is
still called. 1945 TACKLINE Holiday Sailor x. 102 There was the
`Jewing-bloke', who undertook tailoring repairs. 1945 TACKLINE Holiday Sailor,
x. 102 The `Jewing-bloke' had a rather ancient Singer sewing machine, bought
when ashore at Alexandria with..pay in his pocket. 1946 J. IRVING Royal
Navalese 100 A sailor-tailor is known as a `Jew'. 1962 GRANVILLE Dict.
Sailors' Slang 66/1 Jewing firm, ship's tailoring `firm' run by one or more
ratings who repair and make clothing.
2 a transf. and offensive. As a name of opprobrium: spec. applied to a
grasping or extortionate person (whether Jewish or not) who drives hard
In medieval England, Jews, though engaged in many pursuits, were particularly
familiar as money-lenders, their activities being publicly regulated for them
by the Crown, whose proteges they were. In private, Christians also practised
money-lending, though forbidden to do so by Canon Law. Thus the name of Jew
came to be associated in the popular mind with usury and any extortionate
practices that might be supposed to accompany it, and gained an opprobrious
1606 Sir G. Goosecappe V. i. in Bullen O. Pl. III. 77 If the sunne of thy
beauty doe not white me like a shippards holland, I am a Iewe to my Creator.
1700 BP. PATRICK Comm. Deut. xxviii. 37 Better we cannot express the most
cut-throat dealing, than thus, You use me like a Jew. 1830 COLERIDGE Table-t.
16 May, Jacob is a regular Jew, and practises all sorts of tricks and wiles.
1844 D. KING Ruling Eldership II. i, It is undesirable..that he pass in the
commercial circle for what is there termed a Jew.1846 Swell's Night Guide
123/1 Jew, an overreaching fellow. C. 1861 E. DICKINSON Poems (1955) I. 160
'Twould be `a Bargain' for a Jew! Say-may I have it-Sir? 1906 J. M. SYNGE
Lett. to Molly (1971) 31 What have I done that you should write to me as if I
was a dunning Jew? 1920 T. S. ELIOT Ara Vos Prec 14 The jew is underneath the
lot. Money in furs. 1931 T. R. G. LYELL Slang 428 Why waste your time asking
him for a subscription? He's a perfect Jew where money's concerned. 1944
Britannica Bk. of Year 693 In March 1943 there were tirades from Bangkok radio
against the `Jews of Siam' (probably Chinese), who were accused of
profiteering. 1952 G. BONE Came to Oxf. xi. 34 There is a curious fallacy,
rather wide-spread, that a borrower of money is an innocent and hapless
person, while a lender is a shark, a harpy, a `Jew'. 1964 H. BROTZ Black Jews
of Harlem iii. 54 Occasionally the Black Jews forget they are Jews when
complaining about the fact that `the Jews' own all or most of Harlem!
b A pedlar.
In this use not depreciatory.
1803 G. COLMAN John Bull III. ii. 32 Here is two poets, and a poll-parrot,
the best image the Jew had over his head, over the mantle-piece. 1963 E.
MCBAIN Ten Plus One (1964) iv. 42 There was a guy who used to come around to
the door selling stuff, and my mother called him `The Jew'... For her, `Jew'
was synonymous with pedlar. 1970 J. H. GRAY Boy from Winnipeg 43 For us,
however, `Jew' was just another generic word that often included the peddlers
who were Greek or Italian. When we scrounged bottles it was to sell to `the
Jew', who was anybody that came along buying junk.
3 attrib. and Comb. a attrib. or as adj. That is a Jew, Jewish, as Jew boy,
butcher, girl, man, pedlar, physician, trooper (such expressions now mainly in
offensive use but not originally opprobrious); of or relating to Jews, as Jew
bill, hatred, toll. b objective, similative, etc., as Jew-drowning, -hater,
Jew-dear, adj.; Jew-like adj. and adv., -looking adj.
1765 BLACKSTONE Comm. I. x. (1793) 375 Very high debates about the time of
Jew-bill; which enables all Jews to prefer bills of naturalization
in parliament, without receiving the sacrament.
1796 P. COLQUHOUN Treat. Police of Metropolis (ed. 3) vi. 125
out every morning loaded with counterfeit Copper, which they exchange for bad
Silver, to be afterwards coloured anew, and again put into circulation. 1817
M. EDGEWORTH Harrington iii. 45 Mowbray easily engaged me to join him against
the Jew boy; and a zealous partizan against Jacob I became. 1873 TROLLOPE
Eustace Diamonds II. liii. 361 You used to be very wicked, and say he was once
a Jew-boy in the streets. 1929 D. H. LAWRENCE Let. 10 Oct. (1962) II. 1208, I
do hate John's Jewish nasal sort of style-so uglily moral... Spring doesn't
only come for the moral Jew-boys-for them perhaps least. 1948 J. BALDWIN in
Commentary Oct. 334/2 Jules Weissman, a Jewboy, had got the room for me. 1954
Jewboy [see IKEY sb. and a.]. 1959 N. MAILER Advts. for Myself (1961) 50
Jewboy, blond Jewboy Wexler perched by the cellar window, tackling Japs with
machine-gun bullets. 1968 Daily Mail 9 Feb. 3/3 Angry viewers rang the BBC
last night to complain about an `anti-Semitic' remark on the TV programme
Softly, Softly. In last night's episode..the detective tells the man: `You
always were a great one for putting things in your wife's name, Bob, just like
a Jewboy heading for bankruptcy.' 1972 Observer 7 May, Mrs Lane Fox dismisses
what she calls the country set, who call their children `the brats', talk
about `thrashing them into shape', support Enoch Powell and still refer to
`jew boys'. 1974 New Society 3 Jan. 11/2 A car's desirability also creates the
opposite reaction, in that envy is easily turned to resentment and aggression
towards, for instance, the `jewboy', the `poser', the `toffee nose' and the
`business classes' who sport expensive and powerful cars.
1849 W. S. MAYO Kaloolah (1887) p. viii, Oil, garlic, salt fish, and
1613 PURCHAS Pilgrimage (1614) 213 Thus you see the
Iew-butcher had need be
no botcher, but halfe a Physitian in Anatomizing.
1755 J. SHEBBEARE Lydia (1769) I. 274 [He] must have had this
among his reasons for endeavouring to naturalize the Jews.
1899 A. WHITE Modern Jew 122 There are many instances of the drollery of
*Jew-drowning in the annals of monkish historians.
1796 E. WYNNE Diary 11 Dec. (1937) II. ix. 139 Before having ever seen us she
declared that we were all excepting the youngest, like little crows and
girls. 1930 E. POUND XXX Cantos x. 45 Wives, jew-girls, nuns. 1971 B. MALAMUD
Tenants 50 Jewgirls are the best whores.
1899 Westm. Gaz. 18 Sept. 2/2 The nature of the wounds roused amongst the
*Jew-haters the old story of the blood sacrifice.
1898 Nat. Rev. Aug. 807 Outside Russia,
Jew hatred is a matter with which
Governments have no direct concern.
1808 COBBETT Pol. Reg. XIII. 172 Through the means of a
with the revolted slaves.
1905 JOYCE Let. 29 Oct. (1966) II. 127 For a
Jewman it's better than having
to bathe. 1922 JOYCE Ulysses 336 I'll brain that bloody jewman for using the
holy name. 1938 W. B. YEATS John Kinsella's Lament in London Mercury Dec. 114
Though stiff to strike a bargain Like an old Jew man.
1771 SMOLLETT Humph. Cl. 20 Apr. Let ii, I was cheapening a pair of
spectacles with a
1731 Gent. Mag. I. 403 Dr. Bass, a noted
Jew Physician in St. Mary Axe.
A. 1680 BUTLER Rem. (1759) II. 84 And crucify his Saviour worse Than those
*Jew-Troopers, that threw out, When they were raffling for his coat.
c Special Combs.: Jew-bail, insufficient bail, `straw-bail'; 'Jew-baiting sb.
= Ger. Judenhetze, systematic harrying or persecution of Jews; so Jew-bait v.
nonce-wd., Jew-baiter, Jew-baiting a.; Jew-bush, a euphorbiaceous plant of the
genus Pedilanthus; Jew-cart (see quot.); Jew-lizard, a large Australian
lizard, Amphibolurus barbatus; Jew plum = OTAHEITE APPLE; Jew Tongo, a
language spoken among Bush Negroes in Surinam, possessing a structure largely
derived from West African languages and a vocabulary largely derived from
1785 GROSE Dict. Vulg. T.,
Jew Bail. 1797 MARY ROBINSON Walsingham IV. 283
He..did the deep ones with Jew-bail, till they were up to the trick.
1892 Sat. Rev. 18 June 700/2 [He] is always going about Jew-baiting and to
*Jew-bait with pen or sword.
1883 Pall Mall G. 19 Nov. 3/1 [They] are now in full possession of the case
of the German
jew-baiters against the Jews. 1907 I. ZANGWILL Ghetto Comedies
85 She's honest... She won't fall back on the old Jew-baiter. 1945 W. S.
CHURCHILL Victory (1946) 145 Julius Streicher, most notorious of Jew-baiters,
was captured by the Americans. 1960 C. DAY LEWIS Buried Day vi. 116 The same
herd instinct that produces Teddy Boys, Jew-baiters and Ku-Klux-Klansmen. 1974
G. MITCHELL Javelin for Jonah xi. 133 Benjy was unlucky enough to fall foul at
school of a ring of young Jew-baiters.
1883 Evening Post (N.Y.) 21 Apr., The
Jew-baiting in Germany; the bloody
persecutions in Russia. 1898 Nat. Review Aug. 807 In the Empire of the
Tsar..Jew-baiting is a matter of high State policy. 1922 JOYCE Ulysses 202
Shylock chimes with the jewbaiting that followed the hanging. 1939 Ann. Reg.
1938 203 The brutalities began on April 23, and it was clear that the scheme
of Jew-baiting had been worked out in readiness for the `Anschluss'. 1969 J.
MANDER Static Soc. iii. 99 The American, however ugly, is no Jew-baiting
1830 LINDLEY Nat. Syst. Bot. 105 The
Jew Bush, or Milk plant.
1840 MARRYAT Poor Jack xviii, Then we have what we call
Jew Carts, always
ready to take [stolen] goods inland, where they will not be looked after.
1847 LEICHHARDT Jrnl. iii. 89 A small Chlamydophorus (*Jew lizard of the
Hunter [River]) was also seen. A. 1884 J. SERVICE Thir Notandums (1890) 205
From beneath a log the green Jew-lizard, or the iguana peeps.
1913 W. HARRIS Notes Fruit & Veg. in Jamaica 18 The
introduced to Jamaica in 1782 and again in 1792. 1920 W. POPENOE Man. Tropical
& Subtropical Fruits iv. 156 Jew-plum is another name for the ambarelle, used
in Jamaica. 1971 Caribbean Q. XVII. II. 14 Different name, same
referent..golden apple/Jew plum/pomme-citerre.
1933 L. BLOOMFIELD Lang. xxvi. 474 Two creolized forms of English are spoken
in Suriname (Dutch Guiana). One of these.., more divergent from ordinary
types of English, is known as
Jew-Tongo. 1968 W. J. SAMARIN in J. A. Fishman
Readings Sociol. of Lang. 666 Amerindian pidgins... Saramakan (Jew Tongo,
d Genitival Combs.: Jews' apple, a name for the Egg-plant or its fruit; Jews'
frankincense, a plant of the genus Styrax, or the resin obtained from it
(storax or benzoin); Jews' houses, name given to the remains of ancient
tin-smelting furnaces in Cornwall; Jew's letter, a text inscribed in Hebrew
upon a phylactery, regarded as the outward symbol or badge of a Jew; Jews'
lime, a synonym of Jews' slime (see below); Jews' mallow, a name for Corchorus
olitorius (N.O. Tiliaceae), one of the plants from which the fibre called jute
is obtained, used as a pot-herb in Egypt, Syria, and other countries; Jews'
money, a popular name for ancient Roman coins found in some parts of England;
Jews' myrtle, a name for Butcher's Broom, and for a variety of the common
Myrtle; Jews' pitch, Jews' slime, names for asphalt or bitumen (cf. Gen. xi.
3); Jews' thorn = Christ's thorn (see CHRIST 5); Jews' tin, name for lumps of
tin found in ancient smelting-furnaces (Jews' houses) in Cornwall.
1884 MILLER Plant-n., Solanum esculentum,
Jew's-Apple, Mad-Apple... S.
1760 J. LEE Introd. Bot. App. 315
Jew's Frankincense, Styrax.
1851 Illustr. Catal. Gt. Exhib. 162 In the reign of King John, the mines
[were] principally in the hands of the Jews..remains of furnaces, called
*Jews' houses, have been discovered, and small blocks of tin, known as Jews'
tin, have..been found in the mining localities.
1589 R. HARVEY Pl. Perc. (1860) 32
Iewes letter scrible scrable ouer the
Copurtenaunce of a mans countenaunce. 1598 FLORIO Worlde of Wordes To Rdr. A
vj, A fouler blot then a Iewes letter..in the foreheads of Caelius and Curio.
1731-3 MILLER Gard. Dict. s.v. Corchorus,
Jews Mallow, ..sown in great
Plenty about Aleppo as a Pot-herb, the Jews boiling the Leaves of this Plant
to eat with their Meat. 1887 MOLONEY Forestry W. Afr. 289 `Jews' Mallow' or
`Jute' (Corchorus olitorius, L.)-Annual. This is one of the species that
affords the well-known fibre of commerce called `Jute'.
1577 HARRISON England II. xxiv. (1877) I. 360 Some peeces or other are dailie
taken vp, which they call Borow pence, Dwarfs monie..*Iewes monie, and by
other foolish names not woorthie to be remembred.
1856 N. & Q. Ser. II. I. 432/2 In some parts of Kent it [Ruscus aculeatus] is
called `*Jews' Myrtle'; and it is the popular belief, that the crown of
thorns..was composed of its branches.
1756 P. BROWNE Jamaica 40 Asphaltum,
Jew's pitch. 1816 TINGRY Varnisher's
Guide (ed. 2) 1 Asphaltum..issues in a liquid form from the bottom of the lake
Asphaltis in Judaea; and hence the name of Jew's pitch.
1607 TOPSELL Four-f. Beasts 188
Iewes lime drunk in water..prescribed for a
remedy of this euill. 1639 HORN & ROB. Gate Lang. Unl. x. Sect.104 Salt-peter,
brimstone, Jew's slime, patrol, bole-armoniak,..are called mineral juyces.
1597 GERARDE Herbal Index,
Iewes thorne, that is Christs thorne. III. xxvi.
1153 This shrubbie thorne Paliurus was the thorne wherewith they crowned our
Jews' tin [see Jews' house].
Jew, jew, v. colloq. [f. JEW sb. (sense 2).] trans. To cheat or overreach, in
the way attributed to Jewish traders or usurers. Also, to drive a hard
bargain, and intr., to haggle. Phr. to jew down, to beat down in price; also
transf. Hence 'Jewing vbl. sb.
These uses are now considered to be offensive.
1824 C. HARDING Diary 29 Apr. in Sketch (1929) 75 He is a country clergyman;
and, from his Jewing disposition, I should judge he had more taste in tithes
than pictures. 1825 Constitutional Adv. (Frankfort, Kentucky) 15 Dec. 3/1 We
hope, for the honour and character of the state, that neither the legislature
nor the people, will Jew the items of expence. 1833 L. DOW Dealings of God
(1849) 189 If they [sc. the Jews] will Jew people, they cannot flourish among
Yankees, who are said to `outjew' them in trading. A. 1845 BARHAM Ingol. Leg.,
Bro. Birchington lxv, Is it that way you'd Jew one? 1847 W. IRVING Let. 30
Apr. in Life & Lett. (1864) IV. 19 Some mode of screwing and jewing the world
out of more interest than one's money is entitled to. 1848 W. BAGLEY Let. 14
Mar. in N. E. Eliason Tarheel Talk (1956) 279, I Jewed old Galloway down to
1.50 for ploughs. 1851 H. MAYHEW London Labour I. 368/1 Some of the ladies in
the squares..sets to work Jewing away as hard as they can, pricing up their
own things, and downcrying yourn. 1854 D. G. ROSSETTI in Rossetti Ruskin,
Rossetti, etc. (1899) 15 But as to his doings And jawings and jewings, William
brought me the news. 1870 Congress. Globe 7 July 5340/1 This bill supposes
that Congress..is ready to commence jewing down the pay of its General. 1872
Chicago Tribune 14 Oct. 8/2 The prices [for lodging] asked vary-the lodger
being generally asked as much as it is thought he will give. If he jews, he
will get it for comparatively little. 1883 G. M HOPKINS Let. 6 Dec. (1938) 195
You will I know say..that Jew is a reproach because the Jews have corrupted
their race and nature, so that it is their vices and their free acts we
stigmatise when we call cheating `jewing'-and that you mean that Disraeli in
1871 overreached and jewed his constituents. 1891 Daily News 2 Nov. 7/3 He'd
take care he didn't `Jew' him again.1897 [see HIGHLAND a. 2 b]. 1908 Dialect
Notes III. 324 Jew, to beat down the price. `I tried to jew him, but he
wouldn't jew.' 1926 Market Growers Jrnl. 1 July 3, I make my retail prices
about half way between grocery store wholesale and retail prices, and do not
stand for any `jewing' down. 1937 Scribner's Mag. Apr. 25 Thought we might get
the divorce a little under fifty dollars. Maybe we might jew the young man
down. 1939 A. POWELL What's become of Waring v. 140 Then we can meet again and
jew each other down. 1946 W. G. HAMMOND Remembrance of Amherst 121 Both here and at the mountain top we were unmercifully jewed for all the refreshments.
1947 L. Z. HOBSON Gentleman's Agreement i. 9 Now she was describing the large
new house she and Dick wanted to buy. `Did you close the sale on the old
place?' Mrs. Green asked. `Not yet. That cheap Pat Curran keeps trying to
Jew us down.' 1968 L. ROSTEN Joys of Yiddish 142 Just as some Gentiles use
`Jew' as a contemptuous synonym for too-shrewd, sly bargaining (`He tried to
Jew the price down,' is about as unappetizing an idiom as I know), so some
Jews use goy in a pejorative sense. 1970 R. LOWELL Notebk. 69 This embankment,
jewed-No, yankeed-by the highways down to a grassy lip. 1971 R. THOMAS Backup
Men xxi. 184, I say how much and he says this much and I say it's not enough
so we jew around with each other until we make a price. 1972 Harper's Mag. May
83 Jew the fruitman down for his last Christmas tree. 1972 New Society 11 May
301/1, I got jewed down..over the cheap offer.
#16999 (raspuns la: #16994)
Tot despre politisti
la: 24/07/2004 13:02:50
Un nou forum: "Bancuri, glume, poante..."
Sper ca nimeni sa nu se supere ca e in engleza.
Never say these things to a cop
- Hey, you must'a been doin' about 125 mph to keep up with me! Good job!
- Sorry, Officer, I didn't realize my radar detector wasn't plugged in.
- I thought you had to be in relatively good physical condition to be a Police Officer.
- Excuse me, but is "stick up" hyphenated?
- Hi Officer, do you mind holding my beer while I find my driver's license?
- You know, I was going to be cop, but I decided to finish high school instead.
- "Bad Cop! No Donut!"
- I was trying to keep up with traffic. Yes, I know there are no other cars around, that's how far I am behind the other cars.
- You're NOT gonna check the trunk, are you?
- Didn't I see you get your butt kicked last week on "COPS"?
- I bet I could grab that gun before you finish writing my ticket.
- So, uh, you "on the take" or what?
- Gee, officer! That's terrific. The police officer yesterday only gave me a warning too!
- Do you know why you pulled me over? Good, at least one of us does.
- So, are you still crabby because your mamma didn't let you play with your gun when you were little?
- Hey is that a 9 mm? That's nothing compared to this .44 magnum.
- When you smack the crap outta me, make sure you smile pretty for the video camcorder.
- Is it true that people become policemen because they are too dumb to work at McDonalds?
#18327 (raspuns la: #18325)
To: POTENTIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS
la: 05/08/2004 11:28:20
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
To: POTENTIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS
Re: Freelance Work
I’ve got some great news to share with you! I wanted to inform you of the upcoming launch of 7 Magazine (se7enMag,com) Sept 1st, 2004. HOW EXCITING!! I am writing you to express interest in your photography. I recently saw some of your work and I must confess, I was impressed and intrigued by your photos.
Let me briefly tell you about our magazine. 7 Magazine is a monthly national online publication that is expected to reach more than 100,000 readers across the country in the next few months alone. 7 Magazine features the latest trends in fashion, celebrities, music, art, health, technology, and travel.
Since we’re in the process of launching, we are looking for experienced photographers to submit their photo stories (anywhere from 6-12 photos will work). High resolution is not needed, since 7 Magazine is starting as an online magazine for the 1st year. I am essentially looking for shoots that have been shot already, that you want published. Although you will not be paid for your work, you can count on receiving plenty of exposure.
If you’re interested in this opportunity, please e-mail me. I look forward to working with you- and your contributions to this magazine. It’s going to be amazing! The ideas, and the concepts are super!! J
7 Magazine / se7enmag.com
#19074 (raspuns la: #19067)
La altii se poate...
la: 28/08/2004 00:10:15
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
Poate e cinva prin zona respectiva... si vrea sa vada ceva ca lumea in domeniu...
POLITICS, COUNTLESS BATTLES AND HIGH ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION…
THE BALKANS IS THE IDEAL LOCATION FOR AN ADVERTISING FESTIVAL!
I would like to inform you about the new Dragan Sakan – Saki’s idea following his 30 years in the profession:
BeogrAd Festival, a one month long overview of the local, regional, European and world creative advertising and design scene – supported by His Highness, Prince Alexander II.
Among the invited guest speakers are:
Jacques Seguela (Euro RSCG, Paris), Andrew Rawlings (Epica, Paris), Donald Gunn (Gunn Report, London), Jure Apih (Golden Drum, Ljubljana), Mirko Ilic (art director, New York), Stephanie Skirvin (Print Magazine, New York), Johanes Newrkla (Art Directors Club, Europe), Bob Garfield (Advertising Age, Washington), Francois-Charles Rouyer (art director, Paris) and many Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian and Slovenian Idea People. More information at http://www.beogradfestival.com.
If you have some spare time in September, come and join us!
We also hope to see you this Friday next year (August 26 – 31, 2005) in Piran, Adriatic Coast, Slovenia for the 4th Ideas Campus held under the motto: How to become a winner. With heart. Many successful, creative and ethical people already confirmed their attendance! More information in October.
Have a nice weekend and warm regards from the sunny side of the Alps J
Nastja Mulej, Head of New Ideas Department
New Moment - New Ideas Company
Ob dolenjski zeleznici 182, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
tel.: + 386 1 420 19 51, fax: + 386 1 428 95 89
#20527 (raspuns la: #20518)
Leica sau Leika?
la: 22/09/2004 23:47:38
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
Cam multa lume in Ro confunda catzelusha sacrificata de rusi si facuta cosmonauta in anii `50 cu aparatul foto...
Dear Leica friends,
Today we would like to inform you about:
__Premiere at the photokina: Leica Camera AG stages photo
exhibition »24 x 36« to mark 50th anniversary of
Leica rangefinder system
__Naturblick magazine and Leica Camera AG raffle 100 signed
copies of nature photographer Franz Bagyi's new book
_At the photokina: “Weitblick“ – the flying display of birds
of prey with free testing of Leica binoculars and scopes
_Your opinion counts! Win a LEICA DIGILUX 2
_Don’t miss LFI 07/2004! Available from September 29
__Premiere at the photokina: Leica Camera AG stages photo
exhibition »24 x 36« to mark 50th anniversary of
Leica rangefinder system
Leica Camera AG, Solms, is showing outstanding pictures of young Leica M photographers at the photokina in Cologne from 28th September to 3rd October 2004. The title of this exhibition, »24 x 36«, alludes to the central importance of the ideal format for 35mm camera film found by Oskar Barnack. The exhibition has been especially organized for this year's photokina, where it will be on view to an international public for the first time. The presentation at the photokina is the start of an exhibition tour. The next stop is the Leica Gallery in Frankfurt, where the photos will be shown for four weeks starting 9th October 2004. The idea behind the exhibition is to mark the three anniversaries of the Leica rangefinder system that the Solms company is celebrating this year: In 1879, 125 years ago, Oskar Barnack, the ingenious inventor of the Leica, was born. 90 years ago, in 1914, he created the basis for his revolutionary camera concept with the Ur-Leica. And in1954, fifty years ago, Ernst Leitz launched the first rangefinder camera, the LEICA M3, on the market.
Further information on the Leica M System http://www.leica-camera.com/produkte/msystem/index_e.html
__Naturblick magazine and Leica Camera AG raffle 100 signed
copies of nature photographer Franz Bagyi's new book
On October 3rd, 2004, the last day of the photokina fair, the magazine Naturblick and Leica Camera AG will be raffling a total of 100 copies of the book ‚Verborgene Blicke’ – Ungewöhnliche Wege der Naturfotografie’ at the Leica booth (hall 2.2). The author, the well-known Leica photographer Franz Bagyi, will be at the Leica booth to sign them. Anyone donating at least five euros to the nature conservation project “Büngernsche/Dingdener Heide“ between September 28th and October 3rd, 2004 will automatically take part in the prize draw. Entry cards are available at the Sport Optics section of the Leica booth.
Further information on the Leica R-System http://www.leica-camera.com/produkte/rsystem/index_e.html
__At the photokina: “Weitblick“ – the flying display of birds
of prey with free testing of Leica binoculars and scopes
The “Weitblick“ promotion offered for the first time at this year's photokina is an extra special event for nature lovers and birdwatchers. Every day from September 28th to October 3rd 2004, birdwatchers and nature lovers will have the opportunity to watch the flying display of the birds of prey of the game preserve Hellenthal from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. Visitors interested in watching the flying skills of a total of seven kinds of birds of prey (including eagles, vultures and various types of falcon) in more detail on a specially erected outside stage on the banks of the river Rhine can borrow Leica high-end binoculars and scopes free of charge. The flying display will be conducted under the expert control of a trained falconer at a distance of about 80 meters from the stage. The stage is on the Kennedy bank only a few steps from the main entrance to the Cologne fair. At the photokina weekend, the platform on the banks of the Rhine is open to the general public as well.
Further information on the Leica binoculars and spotting scopes http://www.leica-camera.com/sportoptik/produkte/index_e.html
__Your opinion counts! Win a LEICA DIGILUX 2
Participate in our online questionnaire regarding the Leica
Products and win a LEICA DIGILUX 2. The questionnaire is
The interview takes about 5 minutes of your time. All information
will of course be handled strictly confidential. Every participant
in the survey will take part in a raffle of the LEICA DIGILUX 2.
Further information on the LEICA DIGILUX 2
__Don’t miss LFI 07 / 2004! Available from September 29
Fresh samples with Digital Module R: Introducing the digital
back for the Leica R – LFI 07 / 2004 presents the new
product and pictures. After having publicised early samples
in LFI 06 / 2004, LFI now reveals a sequence of new test
images from one of the last pre-serial models. They confirm
that Leica will be living up to high expectations.
50 years of Leica M: Where’s the rangefinder system at
after half a century? Why the fascination? LFI takes a walk
down memory lane and points out the highlights and
particularities from 50 years of Leica M production. Also
illustrated, how Leica managed to transfer the principle of
precision manufacture to the present day.
M à la Carte: Flamboyant or inconspicuous, elaborate or
plain – launching November 1, M7 or MP customers will
have nearly 4000 component combinations at their disposal
and thus be able to select the preferred attributes for their
personal M. LFI speak with Jean-Jacques Viau, marketing
manager of the business unit Photo at Leica, on the story
behind the new project and how the offer is best taken
Portfolios: Dr Erich Salomon Prize for a life’s work: an
homage to the great photographer, Will McBride, whose
close personal relationships with his subjects manifested as
the central theme of his work. Oskar Barnack Prize 2004:
only 10 photographers made it into the jury’s shortlist. LFI
presents their work
Crystal screen technology: LFI is one of the world's first
magazines to adopt crystal screen printing technology. An
advantage for our readers is that photos can now be
reproduced in magazine print without a trace of the print
screen. LFI sets a new standard in the field of photography
magazines and thus creates truly ideal conditions for the
presentation of Leica photography.
Also, note our new book offer at LFI’s online book shop:
Further information on the latest issue at:
Subscribe now and receive two issues of LFI for free!
Order your personal one-year subscription at the regular
price of eight issues of LEICA FOTOGRAFIE
INTERNATIONAL for 60 euros/72 US-dollars (delivery
included). With our 2004 start-up initiative you get two
additional consecutive issues for free – pay for 8, receive
10! Subscribe online at www.lfi-online.com
With best regards,
Leica Camera AG
#23104 (raspuns la: #22949)
la nemti se poate & lectura pro de vineri
la: 29/10/2004 05:49:15
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
Ar trebui vazut totusi de ce la ei se poate si la noi nu.
Din cite am observat - dau si eu cu presupusu`, nu e decit o constatare - o uniune, asociatie, o chestie profesionala, apare cind e nevoie sa apara.
La noi in viata fotografica poate inca nu e nevoie, pen`ca se poate si asa, la mica ciubuceala, la mica intzelegere, la mica intimplare, ceva gen "plimbare cu gondola pe Dimbovitza".
Asemunind stadiul nostru in organizarea fotografica cu diversele etape ale dezvoltarii agriculturii, suntem in stadiul "back to the future" adica de mici culegatori intimplatori si vinatori de ciubuce; pretul lucrarilor il face marea masa de participanti la hora pe considerentul ca "mai jos nu se poate" si asta este, scapa cine poate; calitatea generala a fotografiei editoriale si comerciale este cea care este si probabil in viitorul apropiat din ce se vede pe la chioscurile de ziare tot costul cit mai mic al imaginii va fi important, nu calitatea tehnica si estetica.
Acestea fiind spuse, ramine sa ne uitam cu mare placere la ce se mai intimpla in lume si sa ne gindim mai putin la ce e la noi, ca ne amarim degeaba.
Adica, citim la
-The latest restructuring at Corbis has forced out Brian Storm. We get reactions from Storm's photographers.
-Photography is big: Recent auctions bring high prices for 20th century photography. [slideshow included]
-Photographer/filmmaker George Butler has sued Sinclair Broadcasting, alleging unauthorized use of his images of in its anti-John Kerry film.
-In Memoriam: Friends and colleagues remember photographer Steve Steigman.
-In Memoriam: George Silk, pioneering Life photographer, has died at age 87.
-The Black Book has been sold yet again. ($ premium content for subscribers only.)
-Getty, Alamy announce new content partners.
-People on the Move: A LACMA curator has left to create a new grants program for photogs; Magnum London gets a new director; changes at Maxim, Child, Star and more. ($ premium for subscribers only.)
-PhotoPlus Expo highlights: Including party pictures, notes on the keynote addresses and seminars covering color calibration, how to move between the fine art and commercial worlds, and more.
Ask The Experts
This week, commercial photographer and Brooks Institute faculty member Rob Winner gives the kind of frank, thoughtful advice to an aspiring photographer that doesn't get said often enough in this business. He also answers questions on choosing the right digital camera for you and on lighting. You can read all of Winner's questions and answers on our Ask The Expert forum, brought to you by PDN and Brooks Institute of Photography.
It's official now: Mamiya announces the RZ67 IID, an update to the beloved RZ.
It's not too early to enter your favorite images of the year--personal work, stock, assignments, web site, book-- to PDN's Photography Annual 2005. Download and entry form and read up on the rules (and new category!) now.
Lectura placuta, ca asta e, asta avem.
#26736 (raspuns la: #26617)
Un Mic Articol
la: 03/11/2004 22:31:38
Alegeri prezidentiale in Statele Unite. Candidatul preferat
Articolul de mai jos a fost scris si publicat de mine acum vreun an in urma. Este in Engleza, asa ca scoateti-va dictionarele.
California’s Economy: A State of Emergency
Recently I came across some articles and reports on the state of California’s economy. The findings will make anyone’s hair stand up on its end. These reports are readily available to the public on California government sites.
As you may already know California’s economy is totally out of control. The poverty rate in California is higher than that of the nation, yet the living expenses for anyone living in California exceeds most of every other American. In other words Californians make less and spend more on basic living expenses.
Anyone who’s been watching the real estate market can agree that it is totally out of control. Anywhere you go in California, especially in the Bay-area, the price of a simple home has sky-rocketed. New houses are more expensive, and less in quality. The price per square foot can exceed as much as $400 to $500 in the Bay, and renters pay as much as $2000 for a one bedroom apartment. At this time the median house price for San Francisco is $526,000 and for the Bay Area is $402,000.
You might say that people in Bay Area make more than the rest of California, and the truth is that they do. The median income for California is about $53,025 while in San Francisco and the Bay Area it ranges from $60,597 to $88,934. Even though these figures seem high, half of all the tax payers in the region earn $30,000 or less, and less than one in every six taxpayers earns at least $100,000. The situation is so bad in the Bay area that they now have a new program called the San Francisco Workforce Housing Fund which provides families with incomes up to $103,320 special mortgage plans to purchase homes up to $475,000. The plan enables someone to finance 97% of the purchase price through a “First Mortgage” and a “Deferred Second Mortgage” of up to 6% to reduce the interest rate on the first mortgage or fund the down payment or closing costs. And these houses can be purchased anywhere within a reasonable commuting distance.
Guess where they go buy their houses? The Central Valley of course!
I must also mention that in the Bay Area a family of four with two working parents would need to earn $61,593 in order to make ends meet and that 2 out of 5 renters spend at least 30% of their income just on rent. All of this means that many families at the median income level struggle to make ends meet, therefore they choose to move somewhere else, (guess where?) and commute.
So now we’re wondering how this affects those who live and work in the Valley. According to the same study, a family of four in the Valley needs to earn at least $43,528 to live without government assistance and make ends meet. The median income for the region is $46,919 and 1 in every 20 taxpayers has an adjusted gross income of at least $100,000, yet more than half of all taxpayers earn $30,000 or less. This means that many families with incomes at or below the median may struggle to meet their economic needs. To make things worse, the influx of Bay Area workers who come to live in the Valley has surged up the prices on housing and everything else. The traffic gets worse and worse everyday, and very seldom does anyone get to see the mountains on the western horizon due to the bad air. The farm land is being desolated, because nobody can afford to keep their workers working the land which makes our produce more expensive.
A couple of weeks ago one of the Central Valley papers had a very interesting article that was discretely criticizing the fact that the housing units being built did not keep up with the increase of population, but if we look at Bay Area’s problems we can conclude that their problems and inadequacies have spilled into the Valley. For example, between 1995 and 1997 the number of jobs in Santa Clara County increased 15.2% while the number of housing units increased by only 1.3%, and it is projected that by the year 2020 the region will gain 50% more jobs but only 20% more housing units.
This information led me to investigate a little further to find out the source of all these problems. Guess what I found? In the California Senate, Bay Area representatives between 1994 and 2000 have made it their war to “protect” the environment and the natural habitat of the Bay Area.
According to the Environmentalists, Bay Area’s legislators are the greenest of them all. These legislators constantly fight against home developments and expansion of housing units into the “sensitive” areas. To protect their image, they encourage concentrated housing, and redevelopment of urban buildings, but the projects they develop for such plans are not realistic and very inefficient. For example, the city of Santa Clara has proposed that 100 apartment units be set aside for low income families. These apartments consist of 2 bedrooms 1 ½ baths and 3 bedrooms 2 baths units. The 2 bedroom apartments rent for the “super low” price of $1230 and the 3 bedroom apartments for $1355. To qualify for this “wonderful” “exciting” “money-saver” housing establishments you must earn at least $29,520 and maximum $57,000 for a three person household in order to rent the 2 bedroom apartment, and for the 3 bedroom at least $32,520 and $68,340 for a five person household. Remember that the median household income for the Bay Area falls somewhere in between $60,597 and $88,934 and a family of four will need to earn at least $61,593 in order to make ends meet without government assistance. Therefore, I must say that somebody has got to go back to their basic Algebra classes, because by my calculations and comparisons I cannot imagine who in his right mind can live in an overcrowded, overstuffed, “low” income apartment and pay $1230 a month, which can be as much as half of their gross income, when in the valley the same apartment can go for $800 (which is still too much in my opinion).
We need to wake up and smell the whiff-of-money-going-down-the-drain, because at this rate California will become a national tragedy. At one time the Associated Press published the following words “California has enacted first-in-the-nation-laws this year... lending credence to the saying that wherever America is going, California will get there first...” Maybe, we should take a long hard look at who is leading this state into the whirlpool of poverty and economic disaster, because if these words are right then the whole nation can follow the footsteps of this once known as the Golden state.
Acest articol a fost scris pe vremea cind Gray Davis era inca Governor, de atunci lucrurile s-au mai schimbat inspre bine. Totusi inca mai suferim consecintele unui liberal al carui plan a fost sa suporte programele sociale mai mult decit cele economice.
la: 04/11/2004 20:54:51
Alegerile in USA
Luat de pe site-ul de mai jos.
The debate between equality vs. merit is one of the oldest in our society. When merit is rewarded, competition becomes supreme, the fittest survive, and people get what they deserve. When rewards are given out equally, people become more pleasant and civilized to each other, but incentive falls, since trying harder doesn't get you anywhere.
For classification purposes, there are three types of societies: egalitarian, moderated meritocracy, and unrestricted meritocracy.
Socialism is the best example of an egalitarian society. When Marx wrote "From each according to his ability, and to each according to his needs," he was acknowledging that people are certainly born with different abilities, but they should be rewarded equally.
Libertarianism is the closest example of an unrestricted meritocracy, where there are the fewest constraints on the fittest reaching the top. Unfortunately, we have no historical examples of such a government.
Conservatism and liberalism are examples of moderated meritocracies. In a moderated meritocracy, the most successful continue to be rewarded the most, but a percentage of their power or income is redistributed back to the middle and lower class. Liberals, who lean more towards equality, believe the degree of redistribution should be rather high; conservatives, who lean more towards merit, believe that it should be rather low. In our economy, a progressive tax code achieves this effect, and liberals and conservatives argue over how steep its progressivity should be.
Instructions for a wife then and now
la: 16/11/2004 04:16:47
The following is from a 1950's Home Economics textbook intended for
the High School girls, teaching how to prepare for married life.
1. Have dinner ready: Plan ahead, even the night before, to have a
delicious meal - on time. This is a way of letting him know that you
have been thinking about him, and are concerned about his needs. Most
men are hungry when they come home and the prospects of a good meal
are part of the warm welcome needed.
2. Prepare yourself: Take 15 minutes to rest so you will be refreshed
when he arrives. Touch up your make-up, put a ribbon in your hair and
be fresh looking. He has just been with a lot of work-weary people. Be
a little gay and a little more interesting. His boring day may need a
3. Clear away the clutter. Make one last trip through the main part of
the house just before your husband arrives, gathering up school books,
toys, paper, etc. Then run a dust cloth over the tables. Your husband
will feel he has reached a haven of rest and order, and it will give
you a lift too.
4. Prepare the children: Take a few minutes to wash the children's
hands and faces if they are small, comb their hair, and if necessary,
change their clothes. They are little treasures and he would like to
see them playing the part.
5. Minimize the noise: At the time of his arrival, eliminate all noise
of washer, dryer, dishwasher, or vacuum. Try to encourage the children
to be quiet. Be happy to see him. Greet him with a warm smile and be
glad to see him.
6. Some DON'TS: Don't greet him with problems or complaints. Don't
complain if he's late for dinner. Count this as minor compared with
what he might have gone through that day.
7. Make him comfortable: Have him lean back in a comfortable chair or
suggest he lie down in the bedroom. Have a cool or warm drink ready
for him. Arrange his pillow and offer to take off his shoes. Speak in
a low, soft, soothing and pleasant voice. Allow him to relax and
8. Listen to him: You may have a dozen things to tell him, but the
moment of his arrival is not the time. Let him talk first.
9. Make the evening his: Never complain if he does not take you out to
dinner or to other places of entertainment; instead try to understand
his world of strain and pressure and his need to be home and relax.
10. The Goal: Try to make your home a place of peace and order where
your husband can relax.
Now The updated version for the 2000s woman.
1. Have dinner ready: Make reservations ahead of time. If your day
becomes too hectic just leave him a voice mail message regarding where
you'd like to eat and at what time. This lets him know that your day
has been crappy and gives him an opportunity to change your mood.
2. Prepare yourself: A quick stop at the "LANCOME" counter on your way
home will do wonders for your outlook and will keep you from becoming
irritated every time he belches at the table. (Don't forget to use his
3. Clear away the clutter: Call the housekeeper and let her know
you'll need her for an extra day this week. Tell her that any
miscellaneous items left on the floor by the children can be placed in
the Goodwill box in the garage.
4. Prepare the children: Drop them off at grandma's!
5. Minimize the noise: When he arrives at home remind him that the
washer and garbage disposal are still not working properly and the
noise is driving you crazy (but do this in a nice way and greet him
with a warm smile...this way he might fix it faster).
6. Some DON'TS: Don't greet him with problems and complaints. Let him
speak first, and then your complaints will get more attention and
remain fresh in his mind throughout dinner. Don't complain if he's
late for dinner. Simply remind him that the last one home does the
cooking and the cleanup.
7. Make him comfortable: Remind him where he can find a warm fuzzy
blanket if he's cold. This will show you really care.
8. Listen to him: But don't ever let him get the last word.
9. Make the evening his: a chance to get the washer and garbage
10. The Goal: To try to keep things amicable without reminding him
that you make more money than he does.
uMpic de concluzie si mai mult de peisaje ...
la: 30/11/2004 21:25:14
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
Acu` iata care e problema; preturile nu trebuie sa fie socotite pe bucata de obiect, ci la timpul consumat. Ar fi deci, in cazul comenzii de fotografie comerciala, pretul la ora si la zi; asa, din cite aud pe aici prin Capitala, in sectorul editorial se platesc: cam 50$ - 150$ pe zi la revistele de femei, cam 300$ - 500$ revistele straine care au nevoie de reportaje, si minim 400$-600$ pe zi la lucrarile comerciale; la asta se adauga desigur TVA si toate cheltuielile.
Sunt si lucrari comerciale platite bine si fotografi romani care pot negocia si 2000$ pe zi, pina in 4000$ pe zi - cam 4-5 oameni maxim; cea mai bine platita sedinta foto din Ro de care stiu eu a fost de cam 18.000 euro/zi, unui fotograf strain, normal, pentru o pza de tot rahatu` la o agentie mare de publicitate.
Astea nu sunt venituri care se cistiga in fiecare zi; cine are citeva comenzi pe luna e mare boier, concurenta e mare, si fotograful roman atita are cap sa faca, in loc sa sporeasca prestigiul meseriei si bransei, coboara pretu, ca atita minte are. Asta e...
Socotit la singe, costurile exercitarii meseriei sunt mai mari la noi decit oriunde ( ma rog, cine vrea sa fie legal in toate cele) si veniturile cam de 10 ori mai mici ca oriunde. Ma si mir ca exista fotografi pe aici in aceste conditii. Dar vazind slaba sau execrabila calitate foto a imaginii profesionale, a calendarelor, prospectelor, afiselor, posterelor, imi dau seama ca fotograful roman e mai shmeker decit pare, si respecta intru totul zicala: ei se fac ca ne platesc, noi ne facem ca muncim.
Italienii au transat mult mai bine problema; dati o cautare cu Tau visual.
Iata citeva chestii care mi se par deshtepte dar care la noi nu se pot aplica, datorita calitatii morale a majoritatii fotografilor romani.
UNDERSTANDING HOW IT WORKS
The first distinction to make is between :
A) an image which has to be created expressly for the job in hand (committed works)
B) the acquisition for the rights of use to an already existent image.
A) If an image has to be created from scratch then its final price will
include labour, production costs plus the acquisition of rights to publish
or use the image.
B) If the image already exists a recompense will be paid to the photographer or agency to acquire the rights of the chosen image.
THE PROFESSIONAL LEVEL
It is not possible to produce a uniform price guide which is valid for all
photographers given that there are many different professionals which compete within the market place with decidely different personal ability.
Each photographer is free to personally evaluate their own level and consequently choose which fees should be applied.
TAU VISUAL LIST OF PROFESSIONAL LEVELS
Capacity or possibility of prices below that of level 1 are to be considered out of the market and not plausible in correct professional conduct.
Prices superior to those of level 7 are possible in all cases of famous
-- LEVEL 1 --- A professional of sufficient or medium capacity without particular specialization, active at a local level, normally or minimally equipped and generally speaking oriented towards low budget jobs.
--- LEVEL 2 --- A professional of sufficient or medium capacity in line with the majority of assignements offered in his area. Active in an ample area locally without particular specialization, normally equipped and oriented towards economic solutions for clients.
--- LEVEL 3 --- A professional of good preparation with a medium technical capacity in line with average quality standards, nationally speaking. Active at a provincial and or regional level with a reasonable number of clients acquired, not available for the more economic assignements. This photographer will sometimes require the services of an art buyer, stylist, make up artist, etc.
--- LEVEL 4 --- A professional well prepared with a technical capacity which is medium or medium-high. Active in different regions and able to guarantee a perfect technical level for all normal shooting conditions, with a complete range of equipment. This photographer will often require the services of an art buyer, stylist, make up artist, etc. according to the needs of the client. Oriented towards the selection of work offered with exclusion to those of minor interest. An interesting portfolio of clients with at least one job a year with a nationwide diffusion.
--- LEVEL 5 --- A professional who is very well prepared with a medium-high or high level technical capacity, without doubt very well known compared to the average photographer in the same area; active both regionally and nationally and able to guarantee technically perfect results for all the accepted assignments, requires other professionals for the solution of specific problems and oriented towards a selection of works offered, with a significant portfolio of clients, undertaking al least 3 or more jobs with a nationwide diffusion a year.
--- LEVEL 6 --- An exceptionally well prepared photographer working both technically and creatively at a very high level, significant in absolute.
Active at a national and international level, operating in the metropolitan centers at the highest professional levels. Oriented towards a severe selection of works offered, and to the construction of a good professional image, significant portfolio of clients acquired, almost all a national and
---LEVEL 7 --- a professional of undoubted international fame, active directly or through agents in at least two countries and operating at the maximum level both professionally and creatively.
This is a fee-table used to calculate the price of a job that, by mutual agreement with the client, is not paid for each single photo, but on the basis of time employed to execute the assignment.
Working day in own studio (See note)
Fees listed by TAU Visual professional level – See description of levels.
Level 1 lire 400.000 200 euro 250 $
Level 2 lire 600.000 300 euro 375 $
Level 3 lire 900.000 450 euro 560 $
Level 4 lire 1.300.000 650 euro 810 $
Level 5 lire 1.800.000 900 euro 1125 $
Level 6 lire 3.000.000 1.500 euro 1500 $
Level 7 lire 5.000.000 2.500 euro 3125 $
An image of average difficulty, in a simple ambient.
Fees listed by professional TAU Visual levels (see description of levels).
Level 1 lire 135.000 67.5 euro 85 $
Level 2 lire 200.000 100 euro 125 $
Level 3 lire 300.000 150 euro 185 $
Level 4 lire 435.000 217.5 euro 270 $
Level 5 lire 600.000 300 euro 375 $
Level 6 lire 1.000.000 500 euro 625 $
Level 7 lire 1.700.000 850 euro 1050 $
LEAFLETS, BROCHURES, CATALOGUES AND FLYERS
Up to 5.000 copies
Inside photo 100 to 150 euro 125 to 185 $
double page 200 to 250 euro 250 to 315 $
front cover 250 to 350 euro 315 to 435 $
5.000 to 20.000 copies
inside photo 150 to 200 euro 185 to 250 $
double page 250 to 300 euro 315 to 375 $
front cover 350 to 450 euro 375 to 565 $
Si la noi deci se ofera 4 euroi pe poza. Buna treaba. D`aia sunt atitea mertzane si gipane pe strada, pentru ca fotografu` roman (inclusiv subsemnatul) e un incult in general si un incult economic in special si accepta si astia 4 euroi, facind atita rau acestei meserii.
#30248 (raspuns la: #30210)
Ne moare amintirea?
la: 22/12/2004 05:59:38
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
Un posibil rapsuns daca ne intrebam ce se intimpla cu imaginile noastre nemuritoare in citiva ani...
As part of a long term project, the Library of congress and NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology - part of the US Department of Commerce) have tested how well recordable optical disks made with different manufacturing processes held up when exposed to light, high temperatures and humidity levels. To date, they found that some media performed better than others, and some disks can be expected to reliably store data for decades.
For the complete current information, see the research paper "Stability Comparison of Recordable Optical disks - A Study of Error Rates in Harsh Conditions" [StabilityStudy.pdf] in NIST Journal of Research Sept/Oct 2004.'
#32111 (raspuns la: #32054)
...de citit... pentru unii foto amatori dimbovitzeni...
la: 12/04/2005 13:36:39
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
Royalty-Free is bad for the industrySelling images by the pound...
Royalty-free images are ruining the business of photography.
Charging for usage means that the artist retains control over how, where and who can use an image. It also means that the image can be a continuing source of revenue.
Charging a single fee for the image itself means that you have no control over it - and the only people earning from it in the future will be the stock buyer who you sold the rights to.
Perhaps this wouldn't be so bad if the original sales price were so high that you'd be mad to pass on the opportunity. But this isn't the case as RF images are sold for pennies.
If you'd like to find out more about why RF is bad, check out these links:
Stock Artists Alliance
SAA White Paper on Stock Licencing Models
PhotoTalk - Special Interest Blog
The PhotoTalk blog has a mass of information and links to lots of articles regarding the different RF suppliers.
#43010 (raspuns la: #42988)
scuzele pentru ortografie nu-s destule
la: 23/06/2005 21:42:41
"Ce bine e sa fi desptept si in acelasi timp si roman"
? 1827 - Petrache Poenaru, membru al Academiei Romane si unul dintre organizatorii învatamântului national inventeaza predecesorul stiloului modern: ?condei portaret, fara sfârsit, alimentându?se singur cu cerneala?
Homer had a long lasting writing pen made of reed.
Da Vinci drew improvements ..
? 1858 - Bucuresti - primul oras din lume iluminat cu petrol si prima rafinare a petrolului.
Romans had full streets in Rome lighted with torches and with heated sidewalks so that Roman ladies feet do not freeze …
Baltimore in 1816 was the first city to light its streets with gas. ...
Soon much of America, as well as other countries were lighted by gas
First oil refining was done in Ploiesti (not Bucuresti) by Enhlish engineers 1n 1856 … at the time when America found its first oil field … We were ahead here!!!
? 1880 - Dumitru Vasescu - construieste automobilul cu motor cu aburi.
In 1769, the very first self-propelled road vehicle was a military tractor invented by French engineer and mechanic, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (1725 - 1804). Cugnot used a steam engine to power his vehicle, built under his instructions at the Paris Arsenal by mechanic Brezin. It was used by the French Army to haul artillery at a whopping speed of 2 1/2 mph on only three wheels. The vehicle had to stop every ten to fifteen minutes to build up steam power. The steam engine and boiler were separate from the rest of the vehicle and placed in the front (see engraving above). The following year (1770), Cugnot built a steam-powered tricycle that carried four passengers.
? 1881 Alexandru Ciurcu - obtine un brevet din Franta prin care prevede posibilitatea zborului cu reactie.
The earliest rockets were almost certainly Chinese—there is little doubt that the Chinese first developed “black powder,” the basic propellant used in rockets. The combination of salt-peter, charcoal, and sulphur was probably used in fireworks by the Chinese centuries before Christ lived, but the only written records available are dated well into the Middle Ages.
Mongols besieging the city of Kaifeng in 1232 used arrows propelled by rockets (though primarily as a psychological weapon).
Knowledge about rocketry seems to have moved with the Mongol invasions—the Arabs are seen as having developed rockets by the thirteenth century and are reported as having used them against Saint Louis in the Seventh Crusade; the Italians were experimenting with rockets by the fifteenth century. A major refinement in the formula for black powder was made in the thirteenth century by Roger Bacon; this resulted in the creation of gunpowder.
All of those people dreamt of sending people to the moon on the tail of a rocket … Even Cyrano de Bergerac (the real one) did that in a poem …
Conrad Hass (1551-1579), German, an artillery engineer and chief of arsenal of the town of Sibiu. Hass wrote about the construction and the flight tests of multistage rockets, apparently the earliest writings in existence about the science of rocket engineering. How about that???
? 1885 Victor Babes - realizeaza primul tratat de bacteriologie din lume.
May be correct partially… but Pasteur discovered every single entry from the Babes book…see below. I included some additional date for comparison and scale … The Babes Treaty is a list of the following discoveries … And Pasteur is one of many …
1839: Departure to the Royal College of Besançon 1840: Successful candidate for the literature baccalauréat in Besançon. Maître d'études at the College of Besançon 1842: Successful candidate for the mathematical sciences baccalauréat in Dijon 1843: Accepted at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris 1845: Bachelor of Science 1846: Appointed physics professor at the Tournon high school (Ardèche), but stays on at the Ecole Normale Supérieure as a qualified demonstrator. Study of crystals 1847: Doctor of Science 1848: Appointed physics professor at the Dijon high school. Appointed substitute chemistry professor at the science university of Strasbourg.
Research on dimorphism. Historic paper on the distinction between sodium ammonium paratartrate and tartrate. 1849: Pasteur's wedding with Miss Marie Laurent, daughter of the Strasbourg University rector.
Research on the specific properties of the two acids that make up racemic acid. 1851: Paper by Pasteur on aspartic and malic acids. 1852: New research on relationships that can exist between crystalline forms, chemical composition and the direction of rotatory polarisation. 1853: Pasteur is made Knight of the Imperial Order of the Legion of Honour. He obtains the prize of the Pharmacy Society of Paris for the synthesis of racemic acid. Paper on the discovery of the transformation of tartaric acid into racemic acid, discovery of the optically inactive tartaric acid. 1854: Pasteur is nominated Dean of the University of Science at Lille. 1855: Beginning of studies on fermentation, presentation in Lille of a paper on amyl alcohol. 1856: Beginning of researches on alcoholic fermentation. 1857: Appointed administrator of the Ecole Normale and director of scientific studies of this school. Paper on lactic fermentation. Paper on alcoholic fermentation. 1858: Installation of his laboratory in the attic of the Ecole Normale in Paris, rue d'Ulm Survey by Pasteur on so-called "spontaneous" generations. 1859: Experimental physiology prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. 1860: Air sampling at Arbois to investigate the issue of so-called "spontaneous" generation. Examination of the doctrine of so-called "spontaneous" generation. 1861: Jecker prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. Publication in the bulletin of the Chemistry Society of Paris of all his results on vinegar.
1862: Election at the Academy of Science (mineralogy section). Studies on mycoderma and on the role of these plants in acetic fermentation. Alhumbertprize for his research on spontaneous generation. 1863: Napoléon III asks Pasteur to study wine diseases Studies on wine - the influence of air oxygen on vinification. Nominated Professor of Applied Geology, Physics and Chemistry at the National College of Fine Arts 1864: Installation of a laboratory at Arbois for his research on wine 1865: Practical process for improving wine conservation. Studies on silkworm diseases, work on pasteurisation. 1866: Publication of the paper "Studies on wine". Publication of an essay on the scientific work of Claude Bernard. 1867: Creation of a physiological chemistry laboratory at the Ecole Normale. Appointed Professor of organic chemistry at the Sorbonne. Great Prize from the Universal Exhibition for his studies on wine. Resignation from his administrative duties at the Ecole Normale. 1868: Degree as a medical doctor at the University of Bonn. Pasteur suffers from a stroke affecting his left side. Commander of the Legion of Honour. Publication of his studies on vinegar. 1870: Publication of his studies on silkworm diseases. 1871: Studies on beer. 1873: Elected Member of the Academy of Medicine 1876: Publication of his studies on beer. 1877: Paper on the alteration of urine. Studies on anthrax. Studies on septicaemia. 1878: Nominated Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour.
Publication of the paper "Germ theory and its applications to medicine and surgery". Papers on chicken cholera.
Research on gangrene, septicaemia and puerperal fever 1879: Paper on plague. Discovery of immunisation by attenuated cultures. 1880: Becomes Member of the Central Society of Veterinary Medicine. Paper on virulent diseases (Pasteur introduces the principle of attenuated-virus vaccines). Beginning of his research on rabies. 1881: Nominated Grand Cross Holder of the Legion of Honour. Anthrax vaccine. Work on yellow fever near Bordeaux.
Election to the French Academy. 1882: Paper on contagious pleuropneumonia of horned animals. Studies on swine erysipelas. 1883: Vaccination against swine erysipelas using an attenuated-virus vaccine. 1884: New communications on rabies. Communication on pathogenic microbes and attenuated-virus vaccines at the Copenhagen Congress. Pasteur presents the general principle of vaccinations against virulent diseases. 1885: First anti-rabies vaccination on a human being
? 1886 Alexandru Ciurcu - construieste prima ambarcatiune cu reactie.
It’s more complicated, Ciurcu e numai un participant … one of two; also, educated in France.
Desire and Victoire Piot (A late eighteenth century French engineer / inventor and the origins of the Vapour Pulse Jet) probably fled France on the out break of the Franco–Prussian war in 1870 finally arriving in London where he tested his first successful pulse jet boats. Desire Piot could well have been inspired by a rocket powered boat developed by Just Buisson and Ciurcu. Not so successful demonstrations of their jet boat on the river Seine in Paris took place from August to December 1886 for the benefit of the French Ministry of Defense.
? 1887 C. I. Istrate - Friedelina si franceinele.
? 1895 D. Hurmuzescu - descopera electroscopul.
Jean Antoine Nollet (1700–1770) was a clergyman and physicist. In 1748, Nollet invented one of the first electrometers, the electroscope, which detected the presence of electric charge by using electrostatic attraction and repulsion. Nollet later wrote a theory on electrical attraction and repulsion based on the existence of a continuous flow of electrical matter between charged bodies and became the the first professor of experimental physics at the University of Paris.
Many others including George Washington did the same before our guy … 1755 or so …
? 1899 C.I. Istrate - o noua clasa de coloranti.
? 1900 Nicolae Teclu - becul cu reglarea curentului electric si gaz.
Are you serious??? “Becul de labborator cu reglarea curentului de AER si gaz”; big difference!!!
How about Bunsen? Premix (meaning air and gas) burners were the first purpose-designed burners, and they can be traced back more than 100 years to the Bunsen and similar laboratory burners. A premix burner system really consists of two key components, the burner head or nozzle, and the gas-air mixing device that feeds it. In some cases they're built as a single unit. The mixer uses the energy of a pressurized stream of air and/or gas to mix the two and present them to the burner nozzle, which provides an ignition and anchoring point for the flame and controls its shape.
? 1904 Emil Racovita - fondatorul biospeologiei.
? 1905 Augustin Maior - telefonia multipla.
AT&T 1902 … also Bell Laboratoryes …
? 1906, 18.03 - Traian Vuia - avionul cu tren de aterizare pe roti cu pneuri; cu ?Vuia I? acesta reuseste prima decolare fara sa foloseasca nici un mijloc ajutator, numai cu aparate aflate la bord (în fapt, primul avion din istorie).
Are you serious?
The first powered heavier-than-air flight took place in 1890 (Clement Ader, steam engine on bat-winged monoplane, 60 yards). The Wrights' 1903 flight (300 yards) was the first photographed heavier-than-air flight. [Correction: not quite true; there exist photos of Lilienthal's non-powered heavier-than-air flights in the 1890s.] After the advent of relatively light combustion engines (such as Benz, Otto, Diesel), other pioneers pursued similar approaches, but no photographs were taken by Richard Pearse (New Zealand, March 1903) and Karl Jatho (August 1903). Finally, the Wrights needed headwinds or catapults to start their planes, so they were not fully self-powered. But Brazil's Santos-Dumont was (1906, first official airplane flight).
Important stuff: Richard Pearse March 31, 1902. Accounts by witnesses of the flight vary, from "50 to 400 yards in length", but it seems most likely that it was around 350 yards long, and ending prematurely when the flying machine landed in a large hedge - 4 metres off the ground ! The aircraft was the first to use proper ailerons, instead of the inferior wing warping system that the Wright's used. The flying machine also had a modern tricycle type landing gear, thus negating the need for ramps, slides, or skids. Any suitable road would do. The flying machine was aerodynamically crude, for sure, but did the job on the day, and in fact for months afterwards. By the end of July 1903, Pearse had achieved flights of around one kilometre in length, and perhaps even more amazingly, some of them included turns ! An absolutely fantastic achievement for the time. Pearce also built the engine, which was estimated at about 15 - 22hp, but hampered by a much cruder propeller than the Wright's machine.
? 1906 A.A. Beldiman - aparatul hidraulic cu dalta de percutie pentru sondaje adânci.
Tough to prove!!!
? 1908 Lazar Edeleanu ? primul procedeu de rafinare a produselor petroliere cu bioxid de sulf din lume, procedeu care ii poarta numele.
A good one!!! Oil helped us a lot in the first half of last century.
? 1908 Acad. Nicolaie Vasilescu-Karpen - ?pila Karpen", care functioneaza înca si produce curent electric, neîntrerupt, de aproape 100 de ani!
William Grove produced the first fuel cell in 1839 over 150 years ago. He based his experiment on the fact that sending an electric current through water splits the water into its component parts of hydrogen and oxygen. So, Grove tried reversing the reaction - combining hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity and water. This is the basis of a simple fuel cell. The term “fuel cell” was coined later in 1889 by Ludwig Mond and Charles Langer, who attempted to build the first practical device using air and industrial coal gas.
? 1910 iunie - Aurel Vlaicu - lanseaza primul avion din lume fuselat aerodinamic.
See also Rolland Garos and other Santos-Dumont financed … French aircraft … and … so… on …
? 1910 Tache Brumarescu - masina de taiat sulf.
So what? The Austrians have invented the sowing machine before that. So what. The English invented the automated knitting machines before that. So what?
? 1910 Stefan Procopiu - efectul circular al discontinuitatilor de magnetism.
Bohr-Procopiu magneton … amazing participation to highly sophisticated physics. An excellent one …
? 1910 Gh. Marinescu - tratamentul paraliziei generale.
Close but no cigar! It was alive and well in America before 1900 …
? 1910 Henri Coanda reuseste primul zbor al unui avion cu reactie (fabricatie proprie).
Correct!!! First and foremost, it is now being recognized as the first air-reactive engine (jet) aircraft, making its first and only flight October, 1910. ... in Paris (not Romania, of course).
? 1910 Ioan Cantacuzino - ? fenomenul Cantacuzino? (aglutinarea unor microbi).
How about this? First experiments with streptococcal agglutination Paul Moser and Bensaude, Le phenomene de l'agglutination des. microbes. Carre, Paris 1897. ...
? 1913-1916 Ioan Cantacuzino - vaccinarea antiholerica (metoda Cantacuzino)
Pasteur was known as the father of stereochemistry, but his contributions to microbiology and medicine were greater. Pasteur discovered anaerobic bacteria and two silkworm diseases. It was he who discovered that if you take a microbe that causes a particular disease, for instance, smallpox, and make a weakened form of it, that weakened smallpox microbe can be used to fight off the stronger smallpox microbes. Doctors now inoculate people against all kinds of diseases and, for a time, had almost eradicated smallpox. Pasteur also invented the anthrax vaccine, the cholera vaccine, and the rabies vaccine. He died in 1895.
? 1916 D. Danielopolu - actiunea hipertensiva a digitalei.
The man credited with the introduction of digitalis into the practice of medicine was William Withering. Withering was born in Wellington, Shropshire, England in 1741. He followed in the medical footsteps of his father who was an apothecary-surgeon. Withering received his MD degree in 1766. As an individual, William Withering was an extremely giving person. He would personally see and treat two or three thousand poor patients a year limiting him to making about 1000 British pounds as compared to his contemporary doctors who made 5000 British pounds per year. Withering published about 19 articles during his lifetime. After fighting a long battle with tuberculosis, William Withering, the father of digitalis medicine, died on October 6 1799, at the age of 58.
? 1918 Gogu Constantinescu - întemeiaza o noua stiinta: sonicitatea.
Correct but not in Romania; in England where he educated himself and become a teacher of physics. Had he stayed in Romania he would have done nothing like most of us …
? 1919 Stefan Procopiu - unitatea elementara de energie magnetica (magnetonul).
Same as above, verry good!!!
? 1920 Emil Racovita - pune bazele Institutul de Speologie Cluj (primul din lume).
First in the world is tough to prove!!!
? 1920 ing. Gheorghe Botezatu - a calculat traiectoriile posibile Pamânt - Luna, folosite la pregatirea programelor ?Apollo? (al caror parinte a fost sibianul Herman Oberth); el a fost si seful echipei de matematicieni care a lucrat la proiectul rachetei ?Apollo? care a dus primul om pe Luna.
About the calculations Earth-Moon you must be kidding.
Herman Oberth also started Hitler’s V1 and, by the way, hated Romania and wrote to German leadership to dump Romania as an ally …
? 1921 Aurel Persu - automobilul fara diferential, cu motor în spate (de forma ?picaturii de apa").
Could be but it does not work …
? 1921 Nicolae Paulescu - descopera insulina; pentru ca era un anti-mason virulent, Premiul Nobel l-au primit canadienii F. Banting si J.R.J. McLeod pentru aceasta descoperire?
It should already be clear that 1920 comes before 1921 but anyway … there were others also …
1908 German scientist, Georg Zuelzer develops the first injectible pancreatic extract to suppress glycosuria; however, there are extreme side effects to the treatment.
1010-1920 Frederick Madison Allen and Elliot P. Joslin emerge as the two leading diabetes specialists in the United States.
1913 Allen, after three years of diabetes study, publishes Studies Concerning Glycosuria and Diabetes, a book which is significant for the revolution in diabetes therapy that developed from it.
1919 Frederick Allen publishes Total Dietary Regulation in the Treatment of Diabetes, citing exhaustive case records of 76 of the 100 diabetes patients he observed, becomes the director of diabetes research at the Rockefeller Institute.
July 1, 1920 Dr. Banting opens his first office in London, Ontario. He receives his first patient on July 29th; his total earnings for his first month of work is $4.00.
? 1921 Stefan Procopiu - Fenomenul Procopiu (depolarizarea luminii).
May be …
? 1922 C.Levaditi si Sazevac - bismutul ca agent terapeutic împotriva sifilisului.
Syphilis was treated with mercury or other ineffective remedies until World War I (1914-1916), when effective treatments based on arsenic or bismuth were introduced. These were succeeded by antibiotics after World War II.
? 1925 Traian Vuia - generatorul de abur cu ardere în camera închisa si cu vaporizare instantanee.
Vuia was a great engineer, but when he tried to patent his airplane the Arsenal in Romania threw him out and he had to go to France to find forward looking people to fund his invention … Now we want him! La placinte innainte, la razboi innapoi …
? 1930 Elie Carafoli - avionul cu aripa joasa.
Zdenek Lhota - Czechoslovakia – 1925 - flew the BH-11 low-wing monoplane.
Albert W. (Al) Mooney - chief engineer at Alexander (1928-1929) was responsible for the Bullet, an advanced, high speed, low wing monoplane. With Mooney's patented retractable landing gear, it was a mild sensation and ahead of its time.
? 1933 Henri Coanda - aerodina lenticulara (farfuria zburatoare).
? 1938 Henri Coanda - efectul Coanda.
? 1938 Henri Coanda - discul volant.
The Coanda Effect is a real Romanian contribution to the progress of science. All good!!! But again in England, not in Romania. That should tell anyone something …
? 1952 Ia fiinta Institutul National de Geronto-Geriatrie ?Dr. Ana Aslan", primul institut de geriatrie din lume, model pentru tarile dezvoltate, prin asistenta clinica si cercetare. ?Ana Aslan? are, anual, mii de pacienti.
A big lie …and a lot of word of mouth phony advertising …
Exagerarea contributiei noastre la motorul societatii umane ii face pe unii romani sa creada ca, de buni ce suntem, n-avem nimic de schimbat, iar ceilalti sa ne pupe ...
Sarcina celor ce publca e sa corecteze asta.
ptr. ca tot se vorbeste despre preturi....
la: 01/08/2005 06:59:04
O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf
Exista o discutie chiar acum pe o lista a fotografilor profesionisti; un amic din State are o replica ce pune pe ginduri...
You know, the thought occurs to me that, thanks to advancements in
technology, the need (as it is perceived by the consumer) for
professional photographers is ever dwindling.
This is not meant as a trolling post to raise ire, but a simple
observation. Remember, 100 years ago doing this newfangled thing
called photography required a quasi-chemistry degree; mixing
emulsions, chemicals, etc. was the state of the art. Not a whole lot
of photos were taken, since one needed a "pro" just to get a single
Time passed, new stuff got invented and then George E came along with
the portable camera. Now here was a camera for the masses - anyone's
Uncle Filbert could take some family snaps, but the pro level stuff
was still far more costly and the skills required to use it way
beyond casual - so the profession prospered. If anything, I'd imagine
that seeing the fuzzy badly composed shots from Filbert would incite
more people to want to go to a pro for a "real" portrait.
Another 50-ish years, and nowadays the quality of equipment is nil
between "pro level" and advanced consumer. Heck, they even coined the
term "prosumer" to accommodate the idea of just regular folk owning
fancy gear. Thanks to post production software that can be applied to
digital images, the number of individuals who have access to hitherto
custom or high-end retouching has exploded. So, it is not
inconceivable that the Uncle Filbert of today can and does produce
work as excellent as any pro.
And this is not to denigrate the professionals, who must work ever
harder to convince people that their fees are worth it. Certainly, on
the artistic side the pro's ability to herd the wedding guests or
know how the lighting should be or time to the exact nanosecond
before releasing the shutter are tangible skills that must be
included in the consumer's perception of value. But those skills are
getting buried under the sheer number of advanced hobbyists who are
happy just to get their work published, or honored to be taking the
photos for the family wedding. And, whereas in past decades the
difference between those hobbyists' output and the professionals' was
noticeable, I think we are seeing a time now where that difference is
ever narrowing. In fact, with more images being viewed on screens,
any subtleties of lighting and tonality are all the more lost as when
compared to paper versions (magazine or inkjet).
What I'm saying is that, through no fault of anything but
technological progress, I get the sense that in another 50 years
(probably less) there will no longer be a professional photographic
"industry" - there will be equipment and software providers, but the
huge value added by pros of yesteryear and to a lesser degree today
will shaved even further to the point where commercial venues of
photography will be limited. Photographs as fine art will no doubt
survive, as they should, but it just seems to me that wedding,
photojournalism, and to some degree commercial photography may become
quaint memories by the time our children have grown.
#62717 (raspuns la: #62694)
pentru toti dintre voi care sunteti consultants:))
la: 01/08/2005 15:53:13
Trancaneala Aristocrata "4"
A cowboy was herding his herd in a remote pasture when suddenly a
brand-new BMW advanced out of a dust cloud towards him.
The driver, a young man in a Brioni suit, Gucci shoes, Ray Ban
sunglasses and YSL tie, leans out the window and asks the cowboy, "If I
tell you exactly how many cows and calves you have in your herd, will
you give me a calf?"
The cowboy looks at the man, obviously a yuppie, then looks at his
peacefully grazing herd and calmly answers, "Sure, why not?"
The yuppie parks his car, whips out his Dell notebook computer,
connects it to his AT&T cell phone and surfs to a NASA page on the
Internet, where he calls up a GPS satellite navigation system to get an
exact fix on his location which he then feeds to another NASA satellite
that scans the area in an ultra-high-resolution photo.
The young man then opens the digital photo in Adobe Photoshop and
exports it to an image processing facility in Hamburg, Germany. Within
seconds, he receives an email on his Palm Pilot that the image has been
processed and the data stored.
He then accesses a MS-SQL database through an ODBC connected Excel spreadsheet with hundreds of complex formulas. He uploads all of this data via an email on his Blackberry, and after a few minutes, receives a response. Finally, he prints out a full-color, 150-page report on his hi- tech, miniaturized HP LaserJet printer and finally turns to the
cowboy and says, "You have exactly 1586 cows and calves."
"That's right. Well, I guess you can take one of my calves," says the
cowboy. He watches the young man select one of the animals and looks on amused as the young man stuffs it into the trunk of his car.
Then the cowboy says to the young man, "Hey, if I can tell you exactly
what your business is, will you give me back my calf?"
The young man thinks about it for a second and then says, "Okay, why
"You're a consultant." says the cowboy.
"Wow! That's correct," says the yuppie, "but how did you guess that?"
"No guessing required," answered the cowboy. "You showed up here even though nobody called you; you want to get paid for an answer I already knew to a question I never asked; and you don't know anything about my business."
"Now give me back my DOG."
#62817 (raspuns la: #62814)
la: 11/08/2005 17:25:13
Oamenii nu se trag din maimuta
mersic de biblio...adevarat ca am citit cate ceva din fiecare cand eram mic, dar de asemenea, eram unpic razboinic si "vedeam" cam in genul "what I'd say to martians " by Jack Handey
WHAT I’D SAY TO THE MARTIANS
by Jack Handey
Issue of 2005-08-08 and 15
People of Mars, you say we are brutes and savages. But let me tell you one thing: if I could get loose from this cage you have me in, I would tear you guys a new Martian asshole.You say we are violent and barbaric, but has any one of you come up to my cage and extended his hand? Because, if he did, I would jerk it off and eat it right in front of him. “Mmm, that’s good Martian,” I would say.
You say your civilization is more advanced than ours. But who is really the more “civilized” one? You, standing there watching this cage? Or me, with my pants down, trying to urinate on you? You criticize our Earth religions, saying they have no relevance to the way we actually live. But think about this: if I could get my hands on that god of yours, I would grab his skinny neck and choke him until his big green head exploded.
We are a warlike species, you claim, and you show me films of Earth battles to prove it. But I have seen all the films about twenty times. Get some new films, or, so help me, if I ever get out of here I will empty my laser pistol into everyone I see, even pets.
Speaking of films, I could show you some films, films that portray a different, gentler side of Earth. And while you’re watching the films I’d sort of slip away, because guess what: the projector is actually a thing that shoots out spinning blades! And you fell for it! Well, maybe not now you wouldn’t.
You point to your long tradition of living peacefully with Earth. But you know what I point to? Your stupid heads.
You say there is much your civilization could teach ours. But perhaps there is something that I could teach you—namely, how to scream like a parrot when I put your big Martian head in a vise.
You claim there are other intelligent beings in the galaxy besides earthlings and Martians. Good, then we can attack them together. And after we’re through attacking them we’ll attack you.
I came here in peace, seeking gold and slaves. But you have treated me like an intruder. Maybe it is not me who is the intruder but you.
No, not me. You, stupid.
You keep my body imprisoned in this cage. But I am able to transport my mind to a place far away, a happier place, where I use Martian heads for batting practice.
I admit that sometimes I think we are not so different after all. When you see one of your old ones trip and fall down, do you not point and laugh, just as we on Earth do? And I think we can agree that nothing is more admired by the people of Earth and Mars alike than a fine, high-quality cigarette. For fun, we humans like to ski down mountains covered with snow; you like to“milk” bacteria off of scum hills and pack them into your gill slits. Are we so different? Of course we are, and you will be even more different if I ever finish my homemade flamethrower.
You may kill me, either on purpose or by not making sure that all the surfaces in my cage are safe to lick. But you can’t kill an idea. And that idea is: me chasing you with a big wooden mallet.
You say you will release me only if I sign a statement saying that I will not attack you. And I have agreed, the only condition being that I can sign with a long sharp pen. And still you keep me locked up.
True, you have allowed me reading material—not the “human reproduction” magazines I requested but the works of your greatest philosopher, Zandor or Zanax or whatever his name is. I would like to discuss his ideas with him—just me, him, and one of his big, heavy books.
If you will not free me, at least deliver a message to Earth. Send my love to my wife, and also to my girlfriend. And to my children, if I have any anyplace. Ask my wife to please send me a bazooka, which is a flower we have on Earth. If my so-called friend Don asks you where the money I owe him is, please anally probe him. Do that anyway.
If you keep me imprisoned long enough, eventually I will die. Because one thing you Martians do not understand is that we humans cannot live without our freedom. So, if you see me lying lifeless in my cage, come on in, because I’m dead. Really.
Maybe one day we will not be the enemies you make us out to be. Perhaps one day a little Earth child will sit down to play with a little Martian child, or larva, or whatever they are. But, after a while, guess what happens: the little Martian tries to eat the Earth child. But guess what the Earth child has? A gun. You weren’t expecting that, were you? And now the Martian child is running away, as fast as he can. Run, little Martian baby, run!
I would like to thank everyone for coming to my cage tonight to hear my speech. Donations will be gratefully accepted. (No Mars money, please.)
#64837 (raspuns la: #64717)
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