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Voting.... - de Little Eagle la: 02/07/2004 08:27:01
(la: Vreti sa se intoarca Ozzy la cafeneaua.com?)
Oh my God.....,

Mama mia...sunt undeva pe la ...mustata?Boy oh, boy....multi nu ma agreati deloc.....dar e okay.Multi nici azi Nu agreaza prea mult pe...Jim Morrisson,Ozzy Osbourne,John Lennon........ori ii cred debusolati si drogati,betivi notorii,sau ....comunisti....sotia mea a plans in nestire cand John a fost omorat aiurea de un cretin.....ce faceati voi in 1980 cand ea alaturi de mii de oameni aveau lumanari in Central Park La Dakotta Building si plangeau de tot pamantul parca plangea cu oricine cand acest mare geniu al muzicii....zacea intr-o balta de sange?chiar era el un ....comunist????Chiar a trebuit sa astepte 6 ani sa primeasca viza de intrare in USA pt. ca Nixon nu-l agrea??

Apoi daca veti gandi impotriva acestui om asa de MINUNAT si SuFLETIST si care a vrut doar PACE pe acest pamant si lume,NU STIU ce sa mai cred despre voi????Chiar il veti pune la colt pt. ca ...a scris si compus cu Paul cantece ce istoria lumii le are in minte de toate generatiile?Cine NU a ascultat un cantec de Beatles?????

Dar la fel,cine NU a ascultat un cantec asa de la inima scris si compus de John Lennon?
Stiu ca am luat-o iar razna,dar am sau nu dreptate???

Ce am facut ,am facut,ca-s liberal in gandire,impuscati-ma in spate,ca pe John
ca am ideile mele,Nu am vrut neaparat sa le bag in cap nimanui,NU a fost intentia mea chiar daca ar parea....!

I just wanted to be friends with all of you,no bad intentions/Cred ca uneori am luat-o razna....to much booze...incerc sa ma las de bautura,e greu cand esti un addict,dar uite ca pe 7 Iulie fac 1 LUNA de cand m-am lasat de fumat complet...pt. mine e o mare realizare...fumam 3 pachete pe zi,sa ma iau la intrecere cu ...Johnny(Depp),el ce sa mai zic...4 pachete pe zi!!!!!Acum s-a dat pe tutun si foita de tigara...dar tot .....cel putin 80 fumeaza pe zi si e tanar...are 2 copilasi mici si o sotie(Daniel ori cei din Paris o stiti,Vanessa Paradis)superba,a good looker,better than kate Moss(the model)...dar totusi nu stiu...doar parerea mea,se poate sucari .....a cam facut-o....Winona Ryder...boy...cred ca m-am masturbat in contul ei de zeci de ori,imi place mult de ea...crazy guy I am....din greseala am ajuns....sa am o relatie cu...Dolly Parton,evident nu regret,big boobs....si inca le-a micsorat prin operatie!!!!

I kinda like BIG BOOBS,like pillows to rest my head and suck like a little baby those nipples......big or small....God...am ajuns iar sa vorbesc urat...a la howard Stern...pe asta nu l-am cunoscut dar as vrea caci e impotriva lui Bush.

Ha!Dar spun ca oricand am ocazie sa vorbesc despre Romania,mereu cu vorbe bune,sa stie toti astia mari si faimosi ca NU-s chiar buricul universului!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Avem si noi romanasi faimosi si ii spun oricui mereu,ar trebui sa am grad de ambasador cumva!!!

ca NU exista DOAR NADIA,ILIE Nastase,Ion Tiriac,sau....HAGI,ca avem si arta si frumuseti ale naturii,ca NU suntem...Tsarani si ...barbari...de parca ne tragem din ...CONAN.

Mereu am facut asta de cand am pus piciorul cu 23 ani in urma in tsara asta!!!!!!Lupt pt. poporul meu indian pe cale de disparitie azi?Lupt pt. Romania unde m-am nascut?Pt. oameni de culoare?Fie chinezi,negri ori evrei?
LUPT pt. toti si in numele tuturor religiilor si credintelor,pt.mine TOTI AVETI ACELASI SANGE CU AL MEU!!!!!Credeti ca ar fi alte culori?
Si pt. asta va voi apara cu sufletul si viata,voi muri pt. voi!!!!!La orice secunda!!!!NU GLUMESC de loc!!!!!!

Pt. mine viata NU are un aspect anume sa fiu legat de minciuna si iluzie,ea e un vis mare,un miraj,dar sufletele au conexiuni,se cunosc,se iubesc,se leaga,se casatoresc,se unesc si vor muri unul pt. altul/alta....
La fel si cu necunoscuti...asa zisi...dragii mei,,,NE CUNOASTEM TOTI DE MII DE ANI,NU INTAMPLATOR azi ne adunam la un loc cu totii sa vorbim!!!!!Aveti incredere in mine si ce zic,nu e ...whiskey-ul din mine......!!!!

Poate am o filosofie si experienta indiana si cunosc cate ceva...multe dar NU le SPUN INCA SI STITI DE CE??????PT> ca lumea m-ar considera nebun!!!!!
M-ar interna la balamuc...chiar NU pot vorbi cu sotia mea.....lumea NU vrea sa auda de sfarsitul lumii,ca 3/4 din omenirea toata va pieri curand.....
Nu-i ceva apocaliptic sau biblic in acel sens...dar NU mai vorbesc acum!!!!

Nu vreau sa ma considerati crazy...NU SUNT!!!!!Cum il credeti pe Jack Nickholson in ...One flew over the coocko's nest?Nu sunt....acel Jack din Shinning!!!!!!Poate insa asa ma vedeti multi din moment ce am fost votat la ...mustata....unii din voi,desigur ma vad cu ....toporul in mana si un ranjet pe dinti,spargand usa la baie si spun...."Here's Johnny".
Apoi atunci pt. cei ce ma ganditi asa,ori sunt Johnny,ori...Freddy Krugger?
Ei bine NU SUNT NICIUNUL!!!
Sunt un simplu om ce iubeste si vrea sa fie iubit,atata tot!!!E ceva rau in acest vis?
Inchei deci cu ...desigur un cantec,al grupului meu favorit,Black Sabbath,e din 1973 si Ozzy a scris cuvintele,Ozzy....MY HERO!!!!
So,Here we go now,God bless you all,I wanna see your hands up in the air,are you high????????'Cause I am high and drunk and feeling fine....keep on smoking....you know what I am talking about...I love you all,you really make me so happy being back with you again ...From the bottom of my black heart,FORGIVE MY WICKED SOUL and let's play some real rock'n roll!!!!!This is for you and if you read between the lines.....you'll get to me.!

A NATIONAL ACROBAT(From Sabbath Bloody Sabbath)

I am the world that hides the universal secret of all time.
Destruction of the empty spaces is my one and only crime.
I've lived a thousand times,I found out what it means to be believed,
The thoughts and images,the uborn child of Devil that never was conceived.

When little worlds collide,I'm trapped inside my embryonic cell
And flashing memories are cast into the never ending well.
The name that scorns the face,the child that never sees the cause of man
The deathly darkness that belies the fate of those who never ran...

Well I know it's hard for you to know the reason why
And I know you'll understand more when it's time to die,
Don't believe the life you have will be the only one,
You have to let your body sleep,to let your soul live on.

Love has given love to you and now it's your concern
Unseen eye of inner life will make your soul return,oh yeah,
Still I look but not to touch,the seeds of life are sown
Curtain of the future falls,the secret stays unknown

Just remember love is life and hate is living death
Treat your life for what it's worth and live for every breath,
Looking back,I lived and learned but now I'm wondering
Here I wait and only guess,what this next life will bring....?

Geezer-bass
Ozzy-vocals+words
Tony-guitars
Bill-drums(HE IS A GREAT GUY!!!!!!!)
All great guys!!!!

Daniel,stiu ca esti poet,ce crezi de Ozzman?Beat mort,drogat dar mereu scrie versuri si poezie de cazi pe jos!!!!Ca si Jim Morrisson.....alt mare betiv si drogat de parca are vreo importanta..... sa spun cinstit? cele mai bune llucrari ce am pictat si au avut mare succes la vanzari in USa.....le-am pictat fiind drogat sau beat mort....!Cand esti...dus.....pe alt taramuri,parca ai tot talentul
din lume la fingertips...fara misto...dar uneori cand o iei razna si creierul e ...on fire...te crezi...un mare ...geniu...crezi ca nimeni nu te egaleaza...nici Michelangelo...!!!!Atunci,trebuie sa te trezesti din betia grandorii....
Mai vorbim....Love&peace,
Ozzy....a lost soul?













Conventia Republicanilor si ce zice un Democrat - de LMC la: 02/09/2004 19:40:00
(la: Despre Alegerile din S.U.A.: De ce trebuie sa votam pt. GWB.)
Sint inflacarata si imes de mindra de conventia Republicanilor. Totodata imi pare bine ca printre Democrati mai exista oameni ca Zell Miller care poate face discernamintul intre bine si rau. Puterea cuvintelor lui din speech-ul de aseara puteti sa le cititi mai jos. Imi pare rau ca nu este tradus in Romaneste, ar putea politicienii din Romania sa invete ceva.

********************************
Senator Zell Miller

Since I last stood in this spot, a whole new generation of the Miller Family has been born: Four great grandchildren.

Along with all the other members of our close-knit family -- they are my and Shirley's most precious possessions.

And I know that's how you feel about your family also.

Like you, I think of their future, the promises and the perils they will face.

Like you, I believe that the next four years will determine what kind of world they will grow up in.

And like you, I ask which leader is it today that has the vision, the willpower and, yes, the backbone to best protect my family?

The clear answer to that question has placed me in this hall with you tonight. For my family is more important than my party.

There is but one man to whom I am willing to entrust their future and that man's name is

George Bush.

In the summer of 1940, I was an eight-year-old boy living in a remote little Appalachian valley.

Our country was not yet at war but even we children knew that there were some crazy men across the ocean who would kill us if they could.

President Roosevelt, in his speech that summer, told America "all private plans, all private lives, have been in a sense repealed by an overriding public danger."

In 1940 Wendell Wilkie was the Republican nominee.

And there is no better example of someone repealing their "private plans" than this good man.

He gave Roosevelt the critical support he needed for a peacetime draft, an unpopular idea at the time.

And he made it clear that he would rather lose the election than make national security a partisan campaign issue.

Shortly before Wilkie died he told a friend, that if he could write his own epitaph and had to choose between "here lies a president" or "here lies one who contributed to saving freedom", he would prefer the latter.

Where are such statesmen today?

Where is the bi-partisanship in this country when we need it most?

Now, while young Americans are dying in the sands of Iraq and the mountains of Afghanistan, our nation is being torn apart and made weaker because of the Democrat's manic obsession to bring down our Commander-in-Chief.

What has happened to the party I've spent my life working in?

I can remember when Democrats believed that it was the duty of America to fight for freedom over tyranny.

It was Democratic President Harry Truman who pushed the Red Army out of Iran, who came to the aid of Greece when Communists threatened to overthrow it, who stared down the Soviet blockade of West Berlin by flying in supplies and saving the city.

Time after time in our history, in the face of great danger, Democrats and Republicans worked together to ensure that freedom would not falter. But not today.

Motivated more by partisan politics than by national security, today's Democratic leaders see America as an occupier, not a liberator.

And nothing makes this Marine madder than someone calling American troops occupiers rather than liberators.

Tell that to the one-half of Europe that was freed because Franklin Roosevelt led an army of liberators, not occupiers.

Tell that to the lower half of the Korean Peninsula that is free because Dwight Eisenhower commanded an army of liberators, not occupiers.

Tell that to the half a billion men, women and children who are free today from the Baltics to the Crimea, from Poland to Siberia, because Ronald Reagan rebuilt a military of liberators, not occupiers.

Never in the history of the world has any soldier sacrificed more for the freedom and liberty of total strangers than the American soldier. And, our soldiers don't just give freedom abroad, they preserve it for us here at home.

For it has been said so truthfully that it is the soldier, not the reporter, who has given us the freedom of the press.

It is the soldier, not the poet, who has given us freedom of speech. It is the soldier, not the agitator, who has given us the freedom to protest.

It is the soldier who salutes the flag, serves beneath the flag, whose coffin is draped by the flag who gives that protester the freedom to abuse and burn that flag.

No one should dare to even think about being the Commander in Chief of this country if he doesn't believe with all his heart that our soldiers are liberators abroad and defenders of freedom at home.

But don't waste your breath telling that to the leaders of my party today. In their warped way of thinking America is the problem, not the solution.

They don't believe there is any real danger in the world except that which America brings upon itself through our clumsy and misguided foreign policy.

It is not their patriotism - it is their judgment that has been so sorely lacking. They claimed Carter's pacifism would lead to peace.

They were wrong.

They claimed Reagan's defense buildup would lead to war.

They were wrong.

And, no pair has been more wrong, more loudly, more often than the two Senators from Massachusetts, Ted Kennedy and John Kerry.

Together, Kennedy/Kerry have opposed the very weapons system that won the Cold War and that is now winning the War on Terror.

Listing all the weapon systems that Senator Kerry tried his best to shut down sounds like an auctioneer selling off our national security but Americans need to know the facts.

The B-1 bomber, that Senator Kerry opposed, dropped 40% of the bombs in the first six months of Operation Enduring Freedom.

The B-2 bomber, that Senator Kerry opposed, delivered air strikes against the Taliban in Afghanistan and Hussein's command post in Iraq.

The F-14A Tomcats, that Senator Kerry opposed, shot down Khadifi's Libyan MIGs over the Gulf of Sidra. The modernized F-14D, that Senator Kerry opposed, delivered missile strikes against Tora Bora.

The Apache helicopter, that Senator Kerry opposed, took out those Republican Guard tanks in Kuwait in the Gulf War. The F-15 Eagles, that Senator Kerry opposed, flew cover over our Nation's Capital and this very city after 9/11.

I could go on and on and on: Against the Patriot Missile that shot down Saddam Hussein's scud missiles over Israel, Against the Aegis air-defense cruiser, Against the Strategic Defense Initiative, Against the Trident missile, against, against, against.

This is the man who wants to be the Commander in Chief of our U.S. Armed Forces?

U.S. forces armed with what? Spitballs?

Twenty years of votes can tell you much more about a man than twenty weeks of campaign rhetoric.

Campaign talk tells people who you want them to think you are. How you vote tells people who you really are deep inside.

Senator Kerry has made it clear that he would use military force only if approved by the United Nations.

Kerry would let Paris decide when America needs defending. I want Bush to decide.

John Kerry, who says he doesn't like outsourcing, wants to outsource our national security.

That's the most dangerous outsourcing of all. This politician wants to be leader of the free world.

Free for how long?

For more than twenty years, on every one of the great issues of freedom and security, John Kerry has been more wrong, more weak and more wobbly than any other national figure. As a war protestor, Kerry blamed our military.

As a Senator, he voted to weaken our military. And nothing shows that more sadly and more clearly than his vote this year to deny protective armor for our troops in harms way, far-away.

George Bush understands that we need new strategies to meet new threats.

John Kerry wants to re-fight yesterday's war. George Bush believes we have to fight today's war and be ready for tomorrow's challenges. George Bush is committed to providing the kind of forces it takes to root out terrorists.

No matter what spider hole they may hide in or what rock they crawl under.

George Bush wants to grab terrorists by the throat and not let them go to get a better grip.

From John Kerry, they get a "yes-no-maybe" bowl of mush that can only encourage our enemies and confuse our friends.

I first got to know George Bush when we served as governors together. I admire this man.

I am moved by the respect he shows the First Lady, his unabashed love for his parents and his daughters, and the fact that he is unashamed of his belief that God is not indifferent to America.

I can identify with someone who has lived that line in "Amazing Grace," "Was blind, but now I see," and I like the fact that he's the same man on Saturday night that he is on Sunday morning.

He is not a slick talker but he is a straight shooter and, where I come from, deeds mean a lot more than words.

I have knocked on the door of this man's soul and found someone home, a God-fearing man with a good heart and a spine of tempered steel.

The man I trust to protect my most precious possession: my family.

This election will change forever the course of history, and that's not any history. It's our family's history.

The only question is how. The answer lies with each of us. And, like many generations before us, we've got some hard choosing to do.

Right now the world just cannot afford an indecisive America. Fainthearted, self-indulgence will put at risk all we care about in this world.

In this hour of danger our President has had the courage to stand up. And this Democrat is proud to stand up with him.

Thank you.

God Bless this great country and God Bless George W. Bush.
********************************************
Articol din cotidianul israelian Ha'aretz - de Filip Antonio la: 31/01/2004 19:18:05
(la: A existat holocaust in Romania?)
Right-wing Romanian politician to visit Israel

By Amiram Barkat



Corneliu Vadim Tudor, the head of a radical right political party in Romania, intends to visit Israel in March.




News of his intention was relayed by Israeli businessman Nati Meir, who has been in contact with Tudor, the leader of the Greater Romania Party (PRM).

Haaretz has learned that Romanian President Ion Iliescu also intends to visit Israel at the end of March.

Meir, presenting himself as Tudor's adviser for overseas affairs, told Reuters news agency that Tudor will "seek forgiveness at the Western Wall."

In a speech given to Romania's parliament in 2002, and on other occasions, Tudor has claimed that Romania did not take part in the murder of Jews during the Holocaust. But Tudor is now aware that the Holocaust transpired in Romania, said Meir, adding that Tudor has sent Yad Vashem a letter about his country's culpability. Yad Vashem spokesmen, however, said they do not know anything about such a statement.

Since he announced his intention to take part in Romania's presidential elections, scheduled for September, Tudor has made several attempts to shed his reputation for anti-Semitism. But officials from Israel's Foreign Ministry and Yad Vashem believe Tudor's new stance is motivated by electoral calculations.

In past years, Tudor made several statements against Jews and foreigners and his party's official journal has been a warehouse for crude anti-Semitic opinions.

With Meir's help, Tudor met two months ago with Israeli media consultant Ayal Arad, and asked to retain his services. Arad said he is still considering whether or not to accept Tudor's offer. According to Arad, during their meeting, Tudor asked him about how he might persuade Jewish communities that he is not an anti-Semite.

At the end of November 2003, Tudor held a press conference, and said he retracts statements he made in the past about Jews. He stated that he "loves Jews," and denounced statements made by Iliescu to Haaretz about how the Holocaust wasn't distinctive to the Jews. Last month, Tudor dedicated a bronze statue of Yitzhak Rabin in Romania. Tudor invited Rabin's children to the ceremony, but they declined.

Ze'ev Schwartz, who chairs the association of Romanian-born Israelis, dismissed Tudor's recent performances as "a new element in the drama."

"This man is a Holocaust denier, and we simply do not believe him," Schwartz said. He added that he intends to help sponsor protest demonstrations of Holocaust survivors and Romanian natives during Tudor's visit.
#8690 (raspuns la: #8676) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Hotzii... cine sunt hotzii???? - de Dinu Lazar la: 19/05/2004 15:25:37
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
Who Are The Thieves?
````````````````````
Once a year, it seems, a question about thievery on the Internet comes up.
As I've written before -- thievery on the Web is certainly possible. With today's software capabilities, it's possible to 'res up' a 72 dpi image to 300 dpi with excellent results.
So, technically it's possible to "steal images" by capturing small images on the Web and increasing their resolution. In my book, sellphotos.com, I give some examples of misguided improper use of photos.
One example: A commercial printing company executive used a previously published photo from the company's digital file for unauthorized use in a commercial brochure. The photographer took him to court. And rightly so. But the infraction was a mistake -- not outright thievery.
As we rush pell-mell along in the new Digital Age, of course some honest mistakes are going to be made. We're all entitled to a few of those.

NOT OUR PHOTOBUYERS

However, since the emphasis at PhotoSource International is on editorial stock photography, not studio pictures, not commercial stock photos, we should keep in mind just who we are apprehensively thinking may steal a photo. Our markets are books and magazines. And relax: photobuyers at book and magazine publishing houses don't steal photos.
Nor do commercial art directors. The negative fall-out would be too damaging. But as I say, commercial photography is not our bailiwick. We have a greater advantage being editorial stock photographers-- we produce pictures that can easily be identified because of their uniqueness. We need to examine whether we're putting too much worry into a concern that does not deserve it.
A rare few early mistakes have been made as everyone gets introduced to the Digital Age. This has been a learning process for executives and printing company personnel as well as the general public, who are now learning the benefits of the Web. Eventually ignorance on appropriate handling of photos will diminish.
You won't find your photobuyers at publishing houses and magazines exhibiting such ignorance.

LURKING IN CYBERSPACE?

But the question is... "Is thievery rampant, or even existent, on the Web?"
Ever since photographers began realizing that it's possible for someone to "borrow" an image from the Web, I've heard warnings from my fellow camera columnists that thieves are lurking in cyberspace, waiting to steal your photos. Certain pros in our industry often perpetuate the myth at seminars and camera club meetings. They warn that photographers should beware, and that they should not expose images on the Web unless they are so tiny that someone could not profitably make use of them.

Want to read more of this article? Go to: http://www.photoaim.com/cb35.html
#15626 (raspuns la: #15598) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Digitally 2004, an international on-line juried art competition - de Dinu Lazar la: 24/05/2004 15:19:23
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
ARTROM Gallery , Rome, Italy is now accepting applications to Digitally 2004, an international on-line juried art competition. Artists and art students world-wide with a personal and original artistic vision are invited to submit images. The DEADLINE DATE is JULY 1, 2004. - Read Indepth Article
http://www.absolutearts.com/artsnews/2004/05/24/32068.html
#15816 (raspuns la: #15814) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
. - de ikoflexer la: 29/06/2004 19:43:36
(la: Ozzy vs LMC)
de cand se traduce "jew" prin "jidan"(termen insultator)?

N-am intentionat sa jignesc pe nimeni si nu stiam ca "jidan" e un termen insultator; daca e imi cer scuze. Cum s-ar traduce atunci? --- ca n-am un dictionar englez-roman la indemina.

Dupa cite stiu eu: hebrew = evreu
israeli = israelian
jew = ? (eu credeam jidan---corectati-ma)
jewish = de religie ?

Citez mai jos pentru cei ce au timp sa citeasca din Oxford English Dictionary:

oed jew | more
Jew (d3(j)u:), sb. Forms: Sing. 3 Gyu, 4 Giu, Gyw, Iu, Iuu, Iuw(e, Ieu, Ieuu,
Ieu3, 4-5 Iwe, 4 (6 Sc.) Iow, 4-7 Iewe, 5 Ieue, 5-6 Iue, (Ive), 4-7 Iew, 7-
Jew. Plur. 2 Giwis, 3 Giws, Gius, Gyu(e)s, 3-4 Gywes, Giwes, Geus, 4 Iuu(e)s,
Iuwis, Iow(e)s, Ioues, Iewis, -ys, -us, 4-5 Iuwes, 4-6 Iues, 4-7 Iewes, 5
Iuys, 6 Sc. Iowis, Iouis, 4-7 Iews, 7- Jews; beta. 4 Iuen. [ME. a. OFr. giu,
gyu, giue, earlier juieu, juiu, jueu:-L. iudaeum (nom. -us) Jew (cf. Fr. dieu,
ebreu:-L. deum. hebraeum); in later Fr. juif, fem. juive. L. iudaeus was a.
Gr. iota-omicron-upsilon-delta-alpha-iota--omicron-sigma-, f. Aramaic y'hudai,
corresp. to Heb. y'hudi Jew, f. y'hudah Judah, name of a Hebrew patriarch and
the tribe descended from him. (The OE. equivalent was Iudeas Jews, Early ME.
Iudeow, Iudew: see JUDEW.)]
1 a A person of Hebrew descent; one whose religion is Judaism; an Israelite.
Orig. a Hebrew of the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to those of the ten tribes
of Israel; later, any Israelite who adhered to the worship of Jehovah as
conducted at Jerusalem. Applied comparatively rarely to the ancient nation
before the exile (cf. HEBREW sb. 1), but the commonest name for contemporary
or modern representatives of this group, now spread throughout the world. The
word `Jew' is also applied to groups, e.g. the Falashas in Ethiopia, not
ethnically related to persons of the main European groups, the Ashkenazim and
the Sephardim.
C. 1275 Passion our Lord 351 in O.E. Misc. 47 Pilates hym onswerede, am ich
Gyv penne? A. 1300 Cursor M. 3944 (Cott.) O sinnu etes neuer Iuu [v.rr. ieuu,
iew]. A. 1300 Cursor M. 11072 (Cott.) It halus bath Iu and sarzine. C. 1310 in
Wright Lyric P. (Percy Soc.) 100 Ich holde me vilore then a Gyw [rimes bowe,
trowe, now]. C. 1340 Cursor M. 4532 (Trin.) Therynne a iewes childe we fonde.
C. 1340 Cursor M. 18579 (Trin.) And namely leue herof no iwe For al pus dud
pei wip ihesu. 1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) VI. 385 Charles Grossus was
i-poysoned of a Iewe [v.r. Iuw]. A. 1400 Pistill of Susan 2 That was a Ieu3
ientil, and Ioachin he hiht. C. 1440 Promp. Parv. 266/2 Ive, judeus. 1530
PALSGR. 235/1 Jue a man of jurye, jvif. 1572 Satir. Poems Reform. xxxi. 173
Mair nor in Jurie dois the Jow. 1596 SHAKS. Merch. V. III. i. 61 What is the
reason? I am a Iewe; Hath not a Iew eyes? 1615 G. SANDYS Trav. 52 His mother a
Iew both by birth and religion. 1775 SHERIDAN Rivals II. i, She shall have a
skin like a mummy, and the beard of a Jew. 1820 BYRON Blues I. 77 You forget
Lady Lilac's as rich as a Jew.1940 AUDEN Another Time 116 He [sc. Sigmund
Freud] Was taken away from his old interest To go back to the earth in London,
An important Jew who died in exile. 1956 I. MURDOCH Flight from Enchanter ix.
126 `Of course, you realize that I could rescue you with my little finger,'
said Mrs Wingfield. `I'm as rich as a Jew!' 1970 R. D. ABRAHAMS Positively
Black iii. 76 The Englishman is arrogant and overbearing, the American is a
check-writing millionaire who doesn't mind the cost, the Jew tries to push
down the entry price into heaven. 1970 Times 28 Jan. 10/4 At the heart of the
matter lies the rabbinical definition of a Jew: a person born of a Jewish
mother, or a person who has converted to Judaism according to rabbinical law.
1974 J. R. BAKER Race xiv. 234 From the traditional religious point of view, a
Jew was a person born of a Jewish mother, but this formula suffers from the
defect that the defined word is included in adjectival form in the definition.
The same flaw occurs in part of the new definition enacted by the Israeli
Parliament in..1970, according to which a person is a Jew if he or she is the
offspring of a Jewish mother or has been converted to the Jewish faith by the
Orthodox Rabbinate or by the Rabbis of the Jewish Reform Movement or by the
Rabbis of the Jewish Conservative Movement.
plural. C. 1175 Lamb. Hom. 9 Alswa hefden pe giwis heore sinagoge. C. 1250
Old Kent. Serm. in O.E. Misc. 26 Hi..askede wer was se king of gyus pet was
i-bore. C. 1250 Old Kent. Serm. in O.E. Misc., 26 King of geus. A. 1300
Cursor M. 142 O pe Iuus [v.rr. iewes] and moyses. A. 1300 Cursor M. 19129
(Gott.) Thar badd pai iuen suld paim 3eme. A. 1340 HAMPOLE Psalter xxvii. 5
The iowes sloghe crist. 1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) VIII. 53 That he schulde
doo pe Iewes [v.r. Iuwes] out of Engelond. 1482 CAXTON Trevisa's Higden
(Rolls) IV. 369 The Iuwes accused Pilatus to Tiberius. 1533 GAU Richt Vay 30
Ve prech Iesu Christ crucifeit, sclander to the Iowis and folie to the
gentils. 1548-9 (Mar.) Bk. Comm. Prayer (Coll. Good Friday), Haue mercy upon
all Iewes, Turkes, Infidels, and heretikes. 1611 BIBLE 2 Kings xvi. 6 At that
time Rezin king of Syria..draue the Iews from Elath. 1619 SANDERSON Twelve
Serm. (1632) 2 In Rome there lived in the Apostles times many Iewes. 1710 etc.
[see FALASHA]. 1776 GIBBON Decl. & F. xv, The same..abhorrence for idolatry
which had distinguished the Jews from the other nations of the ancient world.
1968 L. ROSTEN Joys of Yiddish 142 Relentless persecution of Jews, century
after century, in nation after nation, left a legacy of bitter sayings: `Dos
ken nor a goy.' (`That, only a goy is capable of doing'). 1971 B. MALAMUD
Tenants 50 The Jews got to keep us bloods stayin weak. 1974 J. R. BAKER Race
xiv. 232 In various parts of the world today there are communities that
practise the Jewish faith in one form or another, but are ethnically distinct
from the Jews of Europe and North America.
gen. plur. A. 1225 Ancr. R. 394 Uorto acwiten ut his leofmon of Giwene
honden. A. 1225 Juliana 62 Ant poledest pinen ant passiun purh giwes read on
rode. A. 1300 Cursor M. 4532 (Cott.) Thar in a Iuen child [Trin. iewes childe]
we fand. C. 1300 Cursor M. 19289 (Edin.) The iuwin folc felune. C. 1300Cursor
M. 21696 (Edin.) Mang pe Iuwis lede. C. 1350 Childh. Jesus 616 (Matz.) Giwene
children feole..Him siweden. C. 1449 PECOCK Repr. III. iii. 291 If Cristen
preestis weren Iewen preestis. 1653 GREAVES Seraglio 150 In the Kings
Seraglio, the Sultana's are permitted to employ divers Jewes-women about their
ordinary occasions.
b Jew's eye: proverbial expression for something valued highly.
1592 G. HARVEY Pierce's Super. 85 A souerain Rule, as deare as a Iewes eye.
1596 SHAKS. Merch. V. II. v. 43 There will come a Christian by, Will be worth
a Iewes eye. 1833 MARRYAT P. Simple ii, Although the journey..would cost twice
the value of a gold seal, yet, that in the end it might be worth a Jew's eye.
1844 WILLIS Lady Jane I. 212 From dome to floor, Hung pictures..Each `worth a
Jew's eye'.
c Black Jew (see quot. 1967); also = FALASHA.
1807 C. BUCHANAN Jrnl. 4 Feb. in Christian Res. in Asia (1811) 192 The
resident Jews are divided into two classes, called the Jerusalem or White
Jews; and the Ancient or Black Jews. The White Jews reside at this place [sc.
Cochin]. The Black Jews have also a Synagogue here; but the great body of
that tribe inhabit towns in the interior of the province. A. 1817 T. DWIGHT
Trav. New-Eng. (1823) III. 174 The black Jews in Hindostan. 1822 Imperial Mag.
IV. 358 A copy of the Hebrew Pentateuch..found in one of the Black Jews'
Synagogues, at Cochin. 1843 J. C. MAITLAND Lett. from Madras xviii. 178, I
told him about the first preachers, the Black Jews, the Syrian Christians, &c.
1892 G. M. RAE Syrian Church in India x. 150 These black Jews are converts to
the faith from among the people of the land. 1907 I. ZANGWILL Ghetto Comedies
155 The black Jews..surrounded by all those millions of Hindoos. 1930 H.
NORDEN Africa's Last Empire 185 The black Jews among whom he works. 1964 [see
FALASHA]. 1967 D. T. KAUFFMAN Dict. Relig. Terms 77/1 Black Jews, in India,
term applied to brown-skinned Jews to distinguish them from a group known as
`White Jews'. Sometimes used also for Negro Jewish groups. 1974 J. R. BAKER
Race xiv. 232 The Falasha or `black Jews' of Ethiopia are members of the
Aethiopid subrace, a hybrid taxon.
d A ship's tailor. Hence also jewing vbl. sb. and ppl. a. Naut. slang.
1916 Chambers's Jrnl. May 278/2 They [sc. ships' tailors] were still known as
`jews'. 1916 Chambers's Jrnl., May 278/2 The term `jewing', as sewing is
still called. 1945 TACKLINE Holiday Sailor x. 102 There was the
`Jewing-bloke', who undertook tailoring repairs. 1945 TACKLINE Holiday Sailor,
x. 102 The `Jewing-bloke' had a rather ancient Singer sewing machine, bought
when ashore at Alexandria with..pay in his pocket. 1946 J. IRVING Royal
Navalese 100 A sailor-tailor is known as a `Jew'. 1962 GRANVILLE Dict.
Sailors' Slang 66/1 Jewing firm, ship's tailoring `firm' run by one or more
ratings who repair and make clothing.
2 a transf. and offensive. As a name of opprobrium: spec. applied to a
grasping or extortionate person (whether Jewish or not) who drives hard
bargains.
In medieval England, Jews, though engaged in many pursuits, were particularly
familiar as money-lenders, their activities being publicly regulated for them
by the Crown, whose proteges they were. In private, Christians also practised
money-lending, though forbidden to do so by Canon Law. Thus the name of Jew
came to be associated in the popular mind with usury and any extortionate
practices that might be supposed to accompany it, and gained an opprobrious
sense.
1606 Sir G. Goosecappe V. i. in Bullen O. Pl. III. 77 If the sunne of thy
beauty doe not white me like a shippards holland, I am a Iewe to my Creator.
1700 BP. PATRICK Comm. Deut. xxviii. 37 Better we cannot express the most
cut-throat dealing, than thus, You use me like a Jew. 1830 COLERIDGE Table-t.
16 May, Jacob is a regular Jew, and practises all sorts of tricks and wiles.
1844 D. KING Ruling Eldership II. i, It is undesirable..that he pass in the
commercial circle for what is there termed a Jew.1846 Swell's Night Guide
123/1 Jew, an overreaching fellow. C. 1861 E. DICKINSON Poems (1955) I. 160
'Twould be `a Bargain' for a Jew! Say-may I have it-Sir? 1906 J. M. SYNGE
Lett. to Molly (1971) 31 What have I done that you should write to me as if I
was a dunning Jew? 1920 T. S. ELIOT Ara Vos Prec 14 The jew is underneath the
lot. Money in furs. 1931 T. R. G. LYELL Slang 428 Why waste your time asking
him for a subscription? He's a perfect Jew where money's concerned. 1944
Britannica Bk. of Year 693 In March 1943 there were tirades from Bangkok radio
against the `Jews of Siam' (probably Chinese), who were accused of
profiteering. 1952 G. BONE Came to Oxf. xi. 34 There is a curious fallacy,
rather wide-spread, that a borrower of money is an innocent and hapless
person, while a lender is a shark, a harpy, a `Jew'. 1964 H. BROTZ Black Jews
of Harlem iii. 54 Occasionally the Black Jews forget they are Jews when
complaining about the fact that `the Jews' own all or most of Harlem!
b A pedlar.
In this use not depreciatory.
1803 G. COLMAN John Bull III. ii. 32 Here is two poets, and a poll-parrot,
the best image the Jew had over his head, over the mantle-piece. 1963 E.
MCBAIN Ten Plus One (1964) iv. 42 There was a guy who used to come around to
the door selling stuff, and my mother called him `The Jew'... For her, `Jew'
was synonymous with pedlar. 1970 J. H. GRAY Boy from Winnipeg 43 For us,
however, `Jew' was just another generic word that often included the peddlers
who were Greek or Italian. When we scrounged bottles it was to sell to `the
Jew', who was anybody that came along buying junk.
3 attrib. and Comb. a attrib. or as adj. That is a Jew, Jewish, as Jew boy,
butcher, girl, man, pedlar, physician, trooper (such expressions now mainly in
offensive use but not originally opprobrious); of or relating to Jews, as Jew
bill, hatred, toll. b objective, similative, etc., as Jew-drowning, -hater,
Jew-dear, adj.; Jew-like adj. and adv., -looking adj.
1765 BLACKSTONE Comm. I. x. (1793) 375 Very high debates about the time of
the famous Jew-bill; which enables all Jews to prefer bills of naturalization
in parliament, without receiving the sacrament.
1796 P. COLQUHOUN Treat. Police of Metropolis (ed. 3) vi. 125 Jew Boys..go
out every morning loaded with counterfeit Copper, which they exchange for bad
Silver, to be afterwards coloured anew, and again put into circulation. 1817
M. EDGEWORTH Harrington iii. 45 Mowbray easily engaged me to join him against
the Jew boy; and a zealous partizan against Jacob I became. 1873 TROLLOPE
Eustace Diamonds II. liii. 361 You used to be very wicked, and say he was once
a Jew-boy in the streets. 1929 D. H. LAWRENCE Let. 10 Oct. (1962) II. 1208, I
do hate John's Jewish nasal sort of style-so uglily moral... Spring doesn't
only come for the moral Jew-boys-for them perhaps least. 1948 J. BALDWIN in
Commentary Oct. 334/2 Jules Weissman, a Jewboy, had got the room for me. 1954
Jewboy [see IKEY sb. and a.]. 1959 N. MAILER Advts. for Myself (1961) 50
Jewboy, blond Jewboy Wexler perched by the cellar window, tackling Japs with
machine-gun bullets. 1968 Daily Mail 9 Feb. 3/3 Angry viewers rang the BBC
last night to complain about an `anti-Semitic' remark on the TV programme
Softly, Softly. In last night's episode..the detective tells the man: `You
always were a great one for putting things in your wife's name, Bob, just like
a Jewboy heading for bankruptcy.' 1972 Observer 7 May, Mrs Lane Fox dismisses
what she calls the country set, who call their children `the brats', talk
about `thrashing them into shape', support Enoch Powell and still refer to
`jew boys'. 1974 New Society 3 Jan. 11/2 A car's desirability also creates the
opposite reaction, in that envy is easily turned to resentment and aggression
towards, for instance, the `jewboy', the `poser', the `toffee nose' and the
`business classes' who sport expensive and powerful cars.
1849 W. S. MAYO Kaloolah (1887) p. viii, Oil, garlic, salt fish, and Jew
brandy.
1613 PURCHAS Pilgrimage (1614) 213 Thus you see the Iew-butcher had need be
no botcher, but halfe a Physitian in Anatomizing.
1755 J. SHEBBEARE Lydia (1769) I. 274 [He] must have had this jew-craft
among his reasons for endeavouring to naturalize the Jews.
1899 A. WHITE Modern Jew 122 There are many instances of the drollery of
*Jew-drowning in the annals of monkish historians.
1796 E. WYNNE Diary 11 Dec. (1937) II. ix. 139 Before having ever seen us she
declared that we were all excepting the youngest, like little crows and Jew
girls. 1930 E. POUND XXX Cantos x. 45 Wives, jew-girls, nuns. 1971 B. MALAMUD
Tenants 50 Jewgirls are the best whores.
1899 Westm. Gaz. 18 Sept. 2/2 The nature of the wounds roused amongst the
*Jew-haters the old story of the blood sacrifice.
1898 Nat. Rev. Aug. 807 Outside Russia, Jew hatred is a matter with which
Governments have no direct concern.
1808 COBBETT Pol. Reg. XIII. 172 Through the means of a jew-like commerce
with the revolted slaves.
1905 JOYCE Let. 29 Oct. (1966) II. 127 For a Jewman it's better than having
to bathe. 1922 JOYCE Ulysses 336 I'll brain that bloody jewman for using the
holy name. 1938 W. B. YEATS John Kinsella's Lament in London Mercury Dec. 114
Though stiff to strike a bargain Like an old Jew man.
1771 SMOLLETT Humph. Cl. 20 Apr. Let ii, I was cheapening a pair of
spectacles with a Jew-pedlar.
1731 Gent. Mag. I. 403 Dr. Bass, a noted Jew Physician in St. Mary Axe.
A. 1680 BUTLER Rem. (1759) II. 84 And crucify his Saviour worse Than those
*Jew-Troopers, that threw out, When they were raffling for his coat.
c Special Combs.: Jew-bail, insufficient bail, `straw-bail'; 'Jew-baiting sb.
= Ger. Judenhetze, systematic harrying or persecution of Jews; so Jew-bait v.
nonce-wd., Jew-baiter, Jew-baiting a.; Jew-bush, a euphorbiaceous plant of the
genus Pedilanthus; Jew-cart (see quot.); Jew-lizard, a large Australian
lizard, Amphibolurus barbatus; Jew plum = OTAHEITE APPLE; Jew Tongo, a
language spoken among Bush Negroes in Surinam, possessing a structure largely
derived from West African languages and a vocabulary largely derived from
English.
1785 GROSE Dict. Vulg. T., Jew Bail. 1797 MARY ROBINSON Walsingham IV. 283
He..did the deep ones with Jew-bail, till they were up to the trick.
1892 Sat. Rev. 18 June 700/2 [He] is always going about Jew-baiting and to
*Jew-bait with pen or sword.
1883 Pall Mall G. 19 Nov. 3/1 [They] are now in full possession of the case
of the German jew-baiters against the Jews. 1907 I. ZANGWILL Ghetto Comedies
85 She's honest... She won't fall back on the old Jew-baiter. 1945 W. S.
CHURCHILL Victory (1946) 145 Julius Streicher, most notorious of Jew-baiters,
was captured by the Americans. 1960 C. DAY LEWIS Buried Day vi. 116 The same
herd instinct that produces Teddy Boys, Jew-baiters and Ku-Klux-Klansmen. 1974
G. MITCHELL Javelin for Jonah xi. 133 Benjy was unlucky enough to fall foul at
school of a ring of young Jew-baiters.
1883 Evening Post (N.Y.) 21 Apr., The Jew-baiting in Germany; the bloody
persecutions in Russia. 1898 Nat. Review Aug. 807 In the Empire of the
Tsar..Jew-baiting is a matter of high State policy. 1922 JOYCE Ulysses 202
Shylock chimes with the jewbaiting that followed the hanging. 1939 Ann. Reg.
1938 203 The brutalities began on April 23, and it was clear that the scheme
of Jew-baiting had been worked out in readiness for the `Anschluss'. 1969 J.
MANDER Static Soc. iii. 99 The American, however ugly, is no Jew-baiting
Gauleiter.
1830 LINDLEY Nat. Syst. Bot. 105 The Jew Bush, or Milk plant.
1840 MARRYAT Poor Jack xviii, Then we have what we call Jew Carts, always
ready to take [stolen] goods inland, where they will not be looked after.
1847 LEICHHARDT Jrnl. iii. 89 A small Chlamydophorus (*Jew lizard of the
Hunter [River]) was also seen. A. 1884 J. SERVICE Thir Notandums (1890) 205
From beneath a log the green Jew-lizard, or the iguana peeps.
1913 W. HARRIS Notes Fruit & Veg. in Jamaica 18 The Jew Plum..was
introduced to Jamaica in 1782 and again in 1792. 1920 W. POPENOE Man. Tropical
& Subtropical Fruits iv. 156 Jew-plum is another name for the ambarelle, used
in Jamaica. 1971 Caribbean Q. XVII. II. 14 Different name, same
referent..golden apple/Jew plum/pomme-citerre.
1933 L. BLOOMFIELD Lang. xxvi. 474 Two creolized forms of English are spoken
in Suriname (Dutch Guiana). One of these.., more divergent from ordinary
types of English, is known as Jew-Tongo. 1968 W. J. SAMARIN in J. A. Fishman
Readings Sociol. of Lang. 666 Amerindian pidgins... Saramakan (Jew Tongo,
Ningre-Tongo).
d Genitival Combs.: Jews' apple, a name for the Egg-plant or its fruit; Jews'
frankincense, a plant of the genus Styrax, or the resin obtained from it
(storax or benzoin); Jews' houses, name given to the remains of ancient
tin-smelting furnaces in Cornwall; Jew's letter, a text inscribed in Hebrew
upon a phylactery, regarded as the outward symbol or badge of a Jew; Jews'
lime, a synonym of Jews' slime (see below); Jews' mallow, a name for Corchorus
olitorius (N.O. Tiliaceae), one of the plants from which the fibre called jute
is obtained, used as a pot-herb in Egypt, Syria, and other countries; Jews'
money, a popular name for ancient Roman coins found in some parts of England;
Jews' myrtle, a name for Butcher's Broom, and for a variety of the common
Myrtle; Jews' pitch, Jews' slime, names for asphalt or bitumen (cf. Gen. xi.
3); Jews' thorn = Christ's thorn (see CHRIST 5); Jews' tin, name for lumps of
tin found in ancient smelting-furnaces (Jews' houses) in Cornwall.
1884 MILLER Plant-n., Solanum esculentum, Jew's-Apple, Mad-Apple... S.
Melongena,..Egg-plant, Jew's-Apple.
1760 J. LEE Introd. Bot. App. 315 Jew's Frankincense, Styrax.
1851 Illustr. Catal. Gt. Exhib. 162 In the reign of King John, the mines
[were] principally in the hands of the Jews..remains of furnaces, called
*Jews' houses, have been discovered, and small blocks of tin, known as Jews'
tin, have..been found in the mining localities.
1589 R. HARVEY Pl. Perc. (1860) 32 Iewes letter scrible scrable ouer the
Copurtenaunce of a mans countenaunce. 1598 FLORIO Worlde of Wordes To Rdr. A
vj, A fouler blot then a Iewes letter..in the foreheads of Caelius and Curio.
1731-3 MILLER Gard. Dict. s.v. Corchorus, Jews Mallow, ..sown in great
Plenty about Aleppo as a Pot-herb, the Jews boiling the Leaves of this Plant
to eat with their Meat. 1887 MOLONEY Forestry W. Afr. 289 `Jews' Mallow' or
`Jute' (Corchorus olitorius, L.)-Annual. This is one of the species that
affords the well-known fibre of commerce called `Jute'.
1577 HARRISON England II. xxiv. (1877) I. 360 Some peeces or other are dailie
taken vp, which they call Borow pence, Dwarfs monie..*Iewes monie, and by
other foolish names not woorthie to be remembred.
1856 N. & Q. Ser. II. I. 432/2 In some parts of Kent it [Ruscus aculeatus] is
called `*Jews' Myrtle'; and it is the popular belief, that the crown of
thorns..was composed of its branches.
1756 P. BROWNE Jamaica 40 Asphaltum, Jew's pitch. 1816 TINGRY Varnisher's
Guide (ed. 2) 1 Asphaltum..issues in a liquid form from the bottom of the lake
Asphaltis in Judaea; and hence the name of Jew's pitch.
1607 TOPSELL Four-f. Beasts 188 Iewes lime drunk in water..prescribed for a
remedy of this euill. 1639 HORN & ROB. Gate Lang. Unl. x. Sect.104 Salt-peter,
brimstone, Jew's slime, patrol, bole-armoniak,..are called mineral juyces.
1597 GERARDE Herbal Index, Iewes thorne, that is Christs thorne. III. xxvi.
1153 This shrubbie thorne Paliurus was the thorne wherewith they crowned our
Sauiour Christ.
1851 Jews' tin [see Jews' house].

Jew, jew, v. colloq. [f. JEW sb. (sense 2).] trans. To cheat or overreach, in
the way attributed to Jewish traders or usurers. Also, to drive a hard
bargain, and intr., to haggle. Phr. to jew down, to beat down in price; also
transf. Hence 'Jewing vbl. sb.
These uses are now considered to be offensive.
1824 C. HARDING Diary 29 Apr. in Sketch (1929) 75 He is a country clergyman;
and, from his Jewing disposition, I should judge he had more taste in tithes
than pictures. 1825 Constitutional Adv. (Frankfort, Kentucky) 15 Dec. 3/1 We
hope, for the honour and character of the state, that neither the legislature
nor the people, will Jew the items of expence. 1833 L. DOW Dealings of God
(1849) 189 If they [sc. the Jews] will Jew people, they cannot flourish among
Yankees, who are said to `outjew' them in trading. A. 1845 BARHAM Ingol. Leg.,
Bro. Birchington lxv, Is it that way you'd Jew one? 1847 W. IRVING Let. 30
Apr. in Life & Lett. (1864) IV. 19 Some mode of screwing and jewing the world
out of more interest than one's money is entitled to. 1848 W. BAGLEY Let. 14
Mar. in N. E. Eliason Tarheel Talk (1956) 279, I Jewed old Galloway down to
1.50 for ploughs. 1851 H. MAYHEW London Labour I. 368/1 Some of the ladies in
the squares..sets to work Jewing away as hard as they can, pricing up their
own things, and downcrying yourn. 1854 D. G. ROSSETTI in Rossetti Ruskin,
Rossetti, etc. (1899) 15 But as to his doings And jawings and jewings, William
brought me the news. 1870 Congress. Globe 7 July 5340/1 This bill supposes
that Congress..is ready to commence jewing down the pay of its General. 1872
Chicago Tribune 14 Oct. 8/2 The prices [for lodging] asked vary-the lodger
being generally asked as much as it is thought he will give. If he jews, he
will get it for comparatively little. 1883 G. M HOPKINS Let. 6 Dec. (1938) 195
You will I know say..that Jew is a reproach because the Jews have corrupted
their race and nature, so that it is their vices and their free acts we
stigmatise when we call cheating `jewing'-and that you mean that Disraeli in
1871 overreached and jewed his constituents. 1891 Daily News 2 Nov. 7/3 He'd
take care he didn't `Jew' him again.1897 [see HIGHLAND a. 2 b]. 1908 Dialect
Notes III. 324 Jew, to beat down the price. `I tried to jew him, but he
wouldn't jew.' 1926 Market Growers Jrnl. 1 July 3, I make my retail prices
about half way between grocery store wholesale and retail prices, and do not
stand for any `jewing' down. 1937 Scribner's Mag. Apr. 25 Thought we might get
the divorce a little under fifty dollars. Maybe we might jew the young man
down. 1939 A. POWELL What's become of Waring v. 140 Then we can meet again and
jew each other down. 1946 W. G. HAMMOND Remembrance of Amherst 121 Both here and at the mountain top we were unmercifully jewed for all the refreshments.
1947 L. Z. HOBSON Gentleman's Agreement i. 9 Now she was describing the large
new house she and Dick wanted to buy. `Did you close the sale on the old
place?' Mrs. Green asked. `Not yet. That cheap Pat Curran keeps trying to
Jew us down.' 1968 L. ROSTEN Joys of Yiddish 142 Just as some Gentiles use
`Jew' as a contemptuous synonym for too-shrewd, sly bargaining (`He tried to
Jew the price down,' is about as unappetizing an idiom as I know), so some
Jews use goy in a pejorative sense. 1970 R. LOWELL Notebk. 69 This embankment,
jewed-No, yankeed-by the highways down to a grassy lip. 1971 R. THOMAS Backup
Men xxi. 184, I say how much and he says this much and I say it's not enough
so we jew around with each other until we make a price. 1972 Harper's Mag. May
83 Jew the fruitman down for his last Christmas tree. 1972 New Society 11 May
301/1, I got jewed down..over the cheap offer.

#16999 (raspuns la: #16994) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
okapa destin - de Belle la: 01/07/2004 02:49:12
(la: despre barbati ... fara suparare :))
eu n-am decat o singura parere: barbatii sunt buni doar sa deschida borcane, sa omoare ganganii si sa tunda iarba ;)

uite si celelalte doua bancuri de care-ti spuneam ... si promit de-acum inainte sa mai caut si bancuri in romana (nu e vina mea ca si cei din RO tot in engleza imi trimit da' o sa-ncerc sa ma conformez)

GOLF
There were two golfers on the golf course.
One of the men pulled out a cigarette, and asked his friend for a light.
His friend pulls out a 12 inch Bic lighter.
“Wow, where did you get such a large Bic?” “Oh, my genie got it for me.”
“Your genie? You have a genie? Where is he?”
“He is in my golf bag.”
The friend says, “Can I see him?” His friend says “yes, sure!” So the friend looks in the bag and out comes the genie.
The man says to the genie: “I am your master’s best friend. Would you grant me just one wish?” The genie says “yes, just one wish”. So the man wishes for a million bucks.
The genie goes back in the golf bag without saying a word. Pretty soon, the sky starts to get dark. Then it gets even darker. The man looks up and sees a million ducks flying over.
He gets really upset, and says “what is the matter with your genie? Is he hard of hearing? I said a million Bucks, not a million Ducks.”
His friend says to him: “Do you really think I asked for a 12 inch Bic?”


PISSING & MOANING
An elderly lady phoned her telephone company to report that her telephone failed to ring when her friends called and that on the few occasions when it did ring, her pet dog always moaned right before the phone rang.

The telephone repairman proceeded to the scene, curious to see this psychic dog or senile elderly lady. He climbed a nearby telephone pole, hooked in his test set, and dialed the subscriber's house. The phone didn't ring right away, but then the dog moaned loudly and the telephone began to ring.

Climbing down from the pole, the telephone repairman found:

1. The dog was tied to the telephone 's ground wire via a steel chain and collar.
2. The wire connection to the ground rod was loose.
3. The dog was receiving 90 volts of signaling current when the phone number was called.
4. After a couple of such jolts, the dog would start moaning and then urinate on himself and the ground.
5. The wet ground would complete the circuit, thus causing the phone to ring.

Which goes to show that some problems can be fixed by pissing and moaning.

#17112 (raspuns la: #17111) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Lectura de vineri, in loc de dialog, care ... - de Dinu Lazar la: 23/07/2004 07:01:14
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
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- Who's Shooting What: Danielle Levitt and Brian Hagiwara shoot 'tween idols; Carmichael Lynch's two new ad campaigns; Olaf Veltman is still busy; who's shooting BP ads for O&M; who's shooting Cool Whip for Foote Cone & Belding; who's shooting for Kaiser Permanente; who ThinkDesign hired for a new annual report; some of Mark Seliger's recent ad work involves underwear and perfume; and more tidbits. ($ premium for subscribers only.) http://www.pdnonline.com


Sources & Services:
Picto, a new digital photo lab serving Toronto's photo community, is profiled in the latest addition to Photosource.
http://www.pdngallery.com/photosource/2001/s_and_s/pitko.html

Top Knots
Check out the winners of wedding photography competition. All the selected images from the contest, including the winners' contact information, is now online in a gallery sponsored by Fujifilm and produced in cooperation with Elegant Bride magazine.
http://www.pdnonline.com/photodistrictnews/resources/contest_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000465511

We'll be back next week with some information on that thorny legal topic: Model releases. To accompany our story in the August PDN about how model releases can and can't help protect you against legal action, we have an online feature with actual model release language, and some advice from a stock agency lawyer about how to word your releases.

Best wishes,
The Editors
#18249 (raspuns la: #18206) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Pentru cei care citesc Engleza - de LMC la: 02/09/2004 01:20:55
(la: Cum sa devii un liberal de nota 10!)
Dupa cum multi dintre voi stiti saptamina asta se desfasoara conventia partidului Republican. Aseara Arnold Schwarzenegger a vorbit, iar astazi toate programele de radio si televizor si toate ziarele sau concentrat asupra speech-ului lui Arnold. Cei care doresc sa afle ce a spus mai jos puteti citi speech-ul lui. Tot aici puteti afla cine sint Republicanii si care este platforma partidului Republican. Citire placuta.

****************************************

Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger

Thank you.

What a greeting! This is like winning an Oscar! ...As if I would know!

Speaking of acting, one of my movies was called "True Lies." It's what the Democrats should have called their convention.

My fellow Americans, this is an amazing moment for me. To think that a once-scrawny boy from Austria could grow up to become Governor of California and stand in Madison Square Garden to speak on behalf of the President of the United States that is an immigrant's dream. It is the American dream.

I was born in Europe ...and I've traveled all over the world. I can tell you that there is no place, no country, more compassionate more generous more accepting and more welcoming than the United States of America.

As long as I live, I will never forget that day 21 years ago when I raised my hand and took the oath of citizenship.

Do you know how proud I was? I was so proud that I walked around with an American flag around my shoulders all day long.

Tonight, I want to talk about why I'm even more proud to be an American -why I'm proud to be a Republican and why I believe this country is in good hands.

When I was a boy, the Soviets occupied part of Austria. I saw their tanks in the streets .I saw communism with my own eyes. I remember the fear we had when we had to cross into the Soviet sector. Growing up, we were told, "Don't look the soldiers in the eye. Look straight ahead." It was a common belief that Soviet soldiers could take a man out of his own car and ship him off to the Soviet Union as slave labor.

My family didn't have a car -- but one day we were in my uncle's car. It was near dark as we came to a Soviet checkpoint. I was a little boy, I wasn't an action hero back then, and I remember how scared I was that the soldiers would pull my father or my uncle out of the car, and I'd never see him again. My family and so many others lived in fear of the Soviet boot. Today, the world no longer fears the Soviet Union and it is because of the United States of America!

As a kid I saw the socialist country that Austria became after the Soviets left. I love Austria and I love the Austrian people - but I always knew America was the place for me.

In school, when the teacher would talk about America, I would daydream about coming here. I would sit for hours watching American movies transfixed by my heroes like John Wayne. Everything about America seemed so big to me so open, so possible.

I finally arrived here in 1968.I had empty pockets, but I was full of dreams. The presidential campaign was in full swing. I remember watching the Nixon and Humphrey presidential race on TV. A friend who spoke German and English, translated for me. I heard Humphrey saying things that sounded like socialism which is what I had just left. But then I heard Nixon speak. He was talking about free enterprise, getting government off your back, lowering taxes, and strengthening the military. Listening to Nixon speak sounded more like a breath of fresh air.

I said to my friend, "What party is he?" My friend said, "He's a Republican." I said, "Then I am a Republican!" And I've been a Republican ever since! And trust me, in my wife's family, that's no small achievement! I'm proud to belong to the party of Abraham Lincoln, the party of Teddy Roosevelt, the party of Ronald Reagan and the party of George W. Bush.

To my fellow immigrants listening tonight, I want you to know how welcome you are in this party. We Republicans admire your ambition. We encourage your dreams. We believe in your future. One thing I learned about America is that if you work hard and play by the rules, this country is truly open to you. You can achieve anything.

Everything I have my career my success my family I owe to America. In this country, it doesn't make any difference where you were born. It doesn't make any difference who your parents were. It doesn't make any difference if, like me, you couldn't even speak English until you were in your twenties.

America gave me opportunities, and my immigrant dreams came true. I want other people to get the same chances I did, the same opportunities. And I believe they can. That's why I believe in this country, that's why I believe in this party and that's why I believe in this President.

Now, many of you out there tonight are "Republican" like me in your hearts and in your beliefs. Maybe you're from Guatemala. Maybe you're from the Philippines. Maybe Europe or the Ivory Coast. Maybe you live in Ohio Pennsylvania or New Mexico. And maybe just maybe you don't agree with this party on every single issue. I say to you tonight I believe that's not only okay that's what's great about this country. Here

we can respectfully disagree and still be patriotic still be American and still be good Republicans

My fellow immigrants, my fellow Americans how do you know if you are a Republican? I'll tell you how.

If you believe that government should be accountable to the people, not the people to the government...then you are a Republican! If you believe a person should be treated as an individual, not as a member of an interest group... then you are a Republican! If you believe your family knows how to spend your money better than the government does... then you are a Republican! If you believe our educational system should be held accountable for the progress of our children ... then you are a Republican! If you believe this country, not the United Nations, is the best hope of democracy in the world ... then you are a Republican! And, ladies and gentlemen ...if you believe we must be fierce and relentless and terminate terrorism ... then you are a Republican!

There is another way you can tell you're a Republican. You have faith in free enterprise, faith in the resourcefulness of the American people ...and faith in the U.S. economy. To those critics who are so pessimistic about our economy, I say: Don't be economic girlie men!

The U.S. economy remains the envy of the world. We have the highest economic growth of any of the world's major industrialized nations. Don't you remember the pessimism of twenty years ago when the critics said Japan and Germany were overtaking the U.S.? Ridiculous!

Now they say India and China are overtaking us. Don't you believe it! We may hit a few BUMPS -- but America always moves ahead! That's what Americans do!

We move prosperity ahead. We move freedom ahead. We move people ahead. Under President Bush, and Vice President Cheney, America's economy is moving ahead in spite of a recession they inherited and in spite of the attack on our homeland.

Now, the other party says there are two Americas. Don't believe that either. I've visited our troops in Iraq, Kuwait, Bosnia, Germany, and all over the world. I've visited our troops in California, where they train before they go overseas. And I've visited our military hospitals. And I can tell you this: Our young men and women in uniform do not believe there are two Americas!

They believe we are one America and they are fighting for it! We are one America - and President Bush is defending it with all his heart and soul!

That's what I admire most about the President. He's a man of perseverance.

He's a man of inner strength. He is a leader who doesn't flinch, doesn't waiver, does not back down. My fellow Americans, make no mistake about it terrorism is more insidious than communism, because it yearns to destroy not just the individual but the entire international order.

The President didn't go into Iraq because the polls told him it was popular. As a matter of fact, the polls said just the opposite. But leadership isn't about polls. It's about making decisions you think are right and then standing behind those decisions. That's why America is safer with George W. Bush as President.

He knows you don't reason with terrorists. You defeat them. He knows you can't reason with people blinded by hate. They hate the power of the individual. They hate the progress of women. They hate the religious freedom of others. They hate the liberating breeze of democracy. But, ladies and gentlemen, their hate is no match for America's decency.

We're the America that sends out Peace Corps volunteers to teach village children.

We're the America that sends out missionaries and doctors to raise up the poor and the sick. We're the America that gives more than any other country, to fight AIDS in Africa and the developing world. And we're the America that fights not for imperialism but for human rights and democracy.

You know, When the Germans brought down the Berlin Wall America's determination helped wield the sledgehammers. When that lone, young Chinese man stood in front of those tanks in Tiananmen Square America's hopes stood with him. And when

Nelson Mandela smiled in election victory after all those years in prison America celebrated, too.

We are still the lamp lighting the world especially for those who struggle. No matter in what labor camp they slave no matter in what injustice they're trapped -- they hear our call ... they see our light ... and they feel the pull of our freedom. They come here as I did because they believe. They believe in US.

They come because their hearts say to them, as mine did, "If only I can get to America." Someone once wrote -"There are those who say that freedom is nothing but a dream." They are right. It's the American dream.

No matter the nationality, no matter the religion, no matter the ethnic background, America brings out the best in people. And as Governor of the great state of California -- I see the best in Americans every day ... our police, our firefighters our nurses, doctors and teachers our parents.

And what about the extraordinary men and women who have volunteered to fight for the United States of America! I have such great respect for them and their heroic families.

Let me tell you about the sacrifice and commitment I've seen firsthand. In one of the military hospitals I visited, I met a young guy who was in bad shape. He'd lost a leg had a hole in his stomach ... his shoulder had been shot through.

I could tell there was no way he could ever return to combat. But when I asked him, "When do you think you'll get out of the hospital?" He said, "Sir, in three weeks." And do you know what he said to me then? He said he was going to get a new leg ... and get some therapy ... and then he was going back to Iraq to serve alongside his buddies! He grinned at me and said, "Arnold ... I'll be back!"

Ladies and gentlemen, America is back! back from the attack on our homeland- back from the attack on our economy back from the attack on our way of life. We're back because of the perseverance, character and leadership of the 43rd President of the United States George W. Bush.

My fellow Americans ...I want you to know that I believe with all my heart that America remains "the great idea" that inspires the world. It's a privilege to be born here. It's an honor to become a citizen here. It's a gift to raise your family here to vote here and to live here.

Our president George W. Bush has worked hard to protect and preserve the American dream for all of us. That's why I say ... send - him - back to Washington for four more years!

Thank you, America -- and God bless you all!
************************************************
cica - de Belle la: 21/10/2004 15:14:13
(la: Femeia)
scuze, da' mi-e lene sa traduc, prea de dimineata inca pentru mine :)


THE GEOGRAPHY OF A WOMAN

Between 18 and 20 a woman is like Africa, half discovered, half wild, naturally beautiful with fertile deltas. Developed and open to trade especially for someone with cash.

Between 31 and 35 she is like India, very hot, relaxed and convinced of her own beauty.

Between 36 and 40 a woman is like France. Gently aging but still a warm and desirable place to visit.

Between 41 and 50 she is like Yugoslavia, lost the war - haunted by past mistakes. Massive reconstruction is now necessary.

Between 51 and 60, she is like Russia, very wide and borders are unpatrolled. The frigid climate keeps people away.

Between 61 and 70, a woman is like Mongolia, with a glorious and all conquering past but alas, no future.

After 70, they become Afghanistan. Most everyone knows where it is, but no one wants to go there.


THE GEOGRAPHY OF A MAN

Between 15 and 70 a man is like Iraq - ruled by a dick.



~~~~ I don't suffer from insanity, I enjoy every minute of it
Articole romanesti in National Geographic - de Dinu Lazar la: 23/10/2004 09:02:10
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
"Le platim destul de bine pe cele ce vor fi tiparite."

Ce e aia "destul" de bine? As fi curios sa stiu.

Exista un "cost of doing business" unde se aduna toate cheltuielile si e foarte simplu de calculat costul de fabricatie al unei fotografii sau al unui reportaj.
Exista pe net nenumarate ghiduri de preturi si de modele de calcul si liste dedicate maririi gradului de cultura economica al fotografilor.
Un exemplu ar fi ghidul australian de la
sau paginile
http://www.johnharrington.com/rates/
ori
http://lifes-work.biz/asmp112002art.pdf
si nenumarate altele.
Bun, sa zicem ca noi suntem mai de cacao si ne multumim cu un salariu invizibil; dar costurile cu sculele, softurile, computerele, sunt maimari la noi decit la ei.
Pina la urma, la noi e mult, mult mai scump sa fii fotograf decit "dincolo" si mult, mult mai putin rentabil, tinind cont de banii care se pot obtine de la editorii din tara.

Oricum ideea de a face la gramada materiale care poate plac, poate nu plac, din care unele sa ajunga tiparite, mi se pare pur romaneasca.

In lumea civilizata se face asa; merge fotograful cu book-ul la revista si acolo marele jmekercu ochi de vultur din redactie, decide: mda, asta e bun sa faca un material despre aia, asta despre aia, asta despre aia.
Se vorbeste in principiu cite pagini sunt necesare, se discuta un model de paginatie ( fotograful sa aiba si imagini pe lat, si pe inalt, si cutare, si cutare, si detalii, si atmosfera) si omul merge si face materialul si e platit la zi sau la bucata de poza si isi face in asa fel cheltuielile incit sa ramina totusi si cu un infinit de mic profit.

Exista, la ei, mari fotografi care pe listele de discutii ii educa pe incepatori:

You have NOT been hired until you tell them what your fees and expenses are and they agree in writing to pay that amount. What if you tell them you charge $2000 per photo after you have shot the job? Do you think they will pay you? A lot of photographers work this way. Someone hires them to do photography, never talks price and then they call around after the shoot and ask what they should charge. If it is more than the client expected to pay, then they either except what the client wanted to pay (in which case they get screwed and the client assumes the photographer was trying to screw them to start with) or they stick to their price and tick the client off, both of which lead the client to be hard nose and abusive with photographers in the future.

Sorry for the bluntness, but I think a lot of the problems we have
today are a result of some photographer's reluctance to deal with price
and terms and conditions in advance for fear of not getting the work.

So let's assume that you do not have the job. Gather all the
information you need from the client about the shoot and how the
photographs will be used. This includes: how many finished photos they
expect to end up with, do they want variations to choose from, how many
books will they be printing, how long do they want to distribute that
amount, will they just be distributed in guest's rooms or elsewhere,
etc, etc.

Once you have that information, put together an estimate in writing
that spells out the exact license that you are granting, the creative
fee and prep fees you will be charging along with all the expenses
involved in the shoot. Include your terms and conditions with the
estimate and ask the client to review the estimate and T&C and call you
if they have any questions or want to discuss anything. If they have no
question and approve they should sign the estimate and send it back to
you.

Try to partner with the client to find a way to give them what they
need( which is usually different from what they want) within or close
to their budget. This may mean cutting things out of the shoot, doing
fewer variations, fewer finished photographs used, smaller print run,
less usage, etc. A lot of times what they start out wanting in usage
and what they want to spend are far different from where it ends up.
The important thing is to work with them to try and find a way to make
it happen. If you express your desire to work with them and they
respond in kind, a lot of times you can work it out so everyone wins.
If not , they realize you may be more expensive than they can afford
now, but you are someone who is willing to try and find a way to make
it work and they may hire you in the future when they can afford you.

Be forewarned that there are clients who want it their way regardless
and if they can't get it , will blow you off and move on to the next
photographer until they find one who is desperate enough to work with
them.

Base your initial fee on a specific print run for one year's
distribution (assuming that's what they want). In the estimate under an
options section, quote them a percentage of the original fee (usually
50-75%) of the original fee for a second year and an additional
percentage for each additional year. If they want to license the second
year (or more) in advance lower the percentage some.

I suspect they just don't want to tell you. They have to know how many they are printing. How else can they place the order with the printer?
If they won't give you a print run, specify a print run in your
estimate or better yet ask them if you limit the print run to 100,000
will that be enough, and base the estimate on that. Chances are they'll
say, "heck no, we won't print more than 10,000", because they realize
the price will be higher if it's based on 100,000.

#26026 (raspuns la: #25997) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Lecturi interesante - de Dinu Lazar la: 17/11/2004 08:18:04
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
In case you don't see News Photographer Magazine, the November edition of Common Cents is now online at http://www.loundy.org/commoncents/

This month: "Change"
-----------------------------
Jim McGee: Just Another Tool?
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3802.htm

Mitch Moraski: Capturing the Mood of Vermont
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3903.htm

Gary Stanley: Let The Weather Affect Your Photography!
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3904.htm

Lennie Lee Rue III: Photographing Red Fox Dens
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3905.htm

News - All the New Gear at PhotoPlus and Photokina
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3906.htm

Books & Video Reviews
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3907.htm

Feedback
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3908.htm

Beginner Questions
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3909.htm

Advanced Questions
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3910.htm

Features
========
Shooting Your Kids - Oh stop that! We're talking about shooting
them with your camera.
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3911.htm

Just Burn it to Disk - Not So Fast! - Every Month We Hear from
Readers with unreadable CDs. Here's What You Need to Know about
CDs & DVDs
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3912.htm

Le Flaneur de la Photographie en Provence - Our traveling
photographer in France visits Provence
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3913.htm

Hot Air Heaven - New editor John Engels takes us to the Albuquerque
International Balloon Fiesta
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3914.htm

How I Photograph Cars Dusk at Laguna Seca - Joe provides some tips
to help you find your way around the track and to your images.
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3915.htm

Photokina & PhotoPlus Expo - We wrap up all the new gear being shown
at these two premier shows.
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3906.htm


Digital Darkroom
================
The Digital Tool Box - Gary is absolutely tickled with his new
tools from the folks at nik.
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3916.htm

Introduction to Digital Photography - Part X, Digital Workflow -
The final chapter puts your new digital camera to work.
http://www.vividlight.com/articles/3916d.htm
#28980 (raspuns la: #28958) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
NATIONAL UNION OF JOURNALISTS DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY COSTS GUIDE - de Dinu Lazar la: 29/03/2005 14:07:32
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
The seismic transformation from film to digital has left both clients and photographers alike unsure how and what to charge for photographs taken and supplied digitally.

The issue was clear when film was the norm, and during the recent transition period of shooting film but delivering a digital scan. Clients would pay for film costs and processing, and would receive processed scans as an additional service, paying scanning fees either to the photographer or to a processing lab.

In the photographer's case these fees went wholly or partially towards the additional expenses incurred in digital production - simply put, the costs of the computer, monitor, calibration equipment, scanner and photo-processing software (Photoshop), investment in acquiring the necessary skills, and of course the additional labour time now spent after each job, scanning individual film into 'ready to use' RGB digital files.

Now however, film, ‘wet’ processing and the presentation of prints, transparencies or even scans from film is steadily fading.

Digital capture is now the norm in the overwhelming degree of cases - but the 'virtual' nature of digital images has left some clients thinking there are no longer any costs to pay beyond the photographer's initial commission fee.

And many photographers who are in no doubt about the additional costs they still have to bear, charge for those costs in ways that confuse not only their clients but also themselves.

So what should photographers be charging for, and why?

They no longer have to pay for film & processing, so some would argue, neither should their clients.

But photographers still have to supply their intellectual property - photographs - in a material form. They do so in the form of processed digital image files*, digitally transmitted to clients or delivered on digital media (CD, DVD).

That is the service photographers now provide & must charge their clients for - their costs of capturing, processing, transmitting and presenting the images on digital media to clients.

This service requires the appropriate equipment, skills and labour time, and so fees must be levied to clients (in the same way as a film scanning fee) that goes wholly or partially towards the additional expenses incurred in digital production.

So perhaps the question would be better re-phrased as follows: What services do clients require, and what should they pay?

Some clients say they require nothing more than the files straight from the camera (sometimes the entire contents of the camera card) and claim they should pay no more than the commission fee itself, by asserting that these ‘digits’ cost the photographer nothing, and should therefore not be charged to the client.

Firstly, this is not true.

In order to produce digital images, the photographer has to meet the huge capital cost of professional digital cameras, which cost 3-4 times more than film cameras, and require replacement in less than half the time of their film equivalents (The life span of professional digital cameras is currently about two years before replacement, whereas film cameras could last a decade or more).

Secondly, the frequent dismissal of these capital costs on the grounds that they save photographers money in film and lab bills is not true either.

The photographer used to pass these film/lab production charges directly on to the client IN ADDITION to the commission fee, so nothing is being saved by the photographer, who is now facing the extra costs of producing digital images, which now, as then, has to be met one way or another by the client.

The ‘straight from the camera’ supply of digital files is deeply unsatisfactory for photographers and clients, and the practice of handing over the entire contents of a camera card for the commission fee - commonly referred to in justly unflattering terms as a 'Dump and Run' - cannot be endorsed or encouraged by the NUJ.

The client gets unedited digital files, including all the under and overexposed frames, the unsharp frames and all the "indecisive" moments.
Moreover, digital files that are correctly exposed but otherwise uncorrected or processed in imaging software like Photoshop rarely match the quality of original prints or transparencies, or the scans photographers used to make from them.

It also provides no way of tracking image usage, due to the amount of files handed over, lack of captions or photographer credit on each file, and with widespread ignorance about the licensing of images**, constitutes a virtually 'Royalty Free' handover of images from the photographer without appropriate payment.

(This should be distinguished from the legitimate professional need for unprocessed files on some occasions – for example a newspaper requiring a picture wired on a very tight deadline. However, the photographer should in these cases still provide AN EDIT of their shoot, which should be captioned accordingly with copyright details – not the whole card, and licensing usage should always be confirmed beforehand).

Photographers take pride in providing an edited selection of colour corrected, sharpened & captioned photographs - in short, working professionally - the way they always have, by presenting an edited, processed, captioned set of prints, transparencies and now...digital images.

So professionally prepared files are the best way of supplying photographs for both photographer and client - they are after all exactly what the client previously received in the form of prints, transparencies or scans from film.

And charging for the production of professional files is also the most appropriate way of meeting digital costs. They can either be charged for individually, or in bulk at an hourly rate if appropriate.

It should be remembered here that in addition to meeting the capital costs of digital cameras, and charging for extra labour time, the photographer has to meet the costs of running a 'digital darkroom'. These include the capital cost of computers that become obsolete almost as fast as the cameras, monitors and software.

In addition photographers charge for digital delivery, either by burning to CD/DVD, or by digital transmission, and also digital archiving on a hard drive or storable media.

Here then is a guide to digital charges recommended by the NUJ, to create a transparent and open system that fairly rewards photographers for both their time and expertise, as well as one that informs buyers of photography what they should expect for their money.

The guide works through a typical digital photographer’s workflow – from digital capture through to the presentation of processed files.

Digital or inkjet contact sheets - £20.00 per contact sheet.

Processed digital image file
(or scan from film) - £15.00 per file.

Bulk processing of digital files - £100.00 per hour for orders over 7 files (minimum fee one hour)

(A contact sheet is in effect ‘the contents of the camera card’, but is a preview for client choice and photographer processing – a legitimate and more transparent alternative to a ‘Dump and Run’, as the client can choose how many files they need processing on an amount or cost basis, in consultation with the photographer)

Burning files to CD - £10.00 per CD

Burning files to DVD - £20.00 per DVD

Digital Transmission - £20.00 for up to 10 images.

Each further transmission after the first 10 - £2.00 surcharge on each image (£15.00 plus £2.00 = £17.00)

VAT is added at the standard rate where the photographer is VAT registered.

NB: these charges are applicable only to editorial and PR photography for newspaper and magazines. Digital charges for medium to large format and studio work will be higher, especially where files are converted from RGB to CMYK, and proof prints are supplied.
______________________________________________________________________________

A processed digital image file is a file that is cleaned, cropped and colour corrected for appropriate use in print or the Web, and captioned with IPTC information. For further definitions and guidelines, please refer to the NUJ Digital Processing Guide, which provides a basic outline.

*
Photographers, particularly freelances, do not sell their images to clients - they ‘license’ the use of the image for a specific purpose and time frame for an appropriate fee, and issue a simple license agreement and Terms and Conditions in their delivery note. The license, in conjunction with covering digital costs and the photographers commission fee constitutes their ‘fee for the job’, and can vary from job to job. For further definitions and guidelines, please refer to the NUJ Photographic Licensing Guide, which provides a basic outline.
#41091 (raspuns la: #41061) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
afirmatii gratuite sau sprijinite de evidenta stiintifica? - de Cassandra la: 02/05/2005 17:08:06
(la: Oamenii devin homosexuali/lesbiene, sau se nasc asa ?)
"se pare ca n-ai gasit pe internet explicatia stiintifica a acelui "complex proces de simbioza". N-o mai cauta ca nici n-ai s-o gasesti, pentru ca nu exista."

Exista si poate fi gasita de cei care stiu ce si unde sa caute:

Symbiosis as a mechanism of evolution: status of cell symbiosis theory.
Margulis L, Bermudes D. Symbiosis. 1985;1:101-24.
Department of Biology, Boston University, MA 02215, USA.

Several theories for the origin of eukaryotic (nucleated) cells from prokaryotic (bacterial) ancestors have been published: the progenote, the direct filiation and the serial endosymbiotic theory (SET). Compelling evidence for two aspects of the SET is now available suggesting that both mitochondria and plastids originated by symbioses with a third type of microbe, probably a Thermoplasma-like archaebacterium ancestral to the nucleocytoplasm. Recognizing the power of symbiosis to recombine in single individual semes from widely differing partners, we develop the idea that symbiosis has been important in the origin of species and higher taxa. The abrupt origin of novel life forms through the formation of stable symbioses is consistent with certain patterns of evolution (e.g punctuated equilibria) described by some paleontologists.


The ring of life provides evidence for a genome fusion origin of eukaryotes.
Rivera MC, Lake JA. Nature. 2004 Sep 9;431(7005):152-5.
Molecular Biology Institute, MCD Biology, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA.

Our analyses indicate that the eukaryotic genome resulted from a fusion of two diverse prokaryotic genomes, and therefore at the deepest levels linking prokaryotes and eukaryotes


Cell symbiosis [correction of symbioisis] theory: status and implications for the fossil record.
Margulis L, Stolz JF. Adv Space Res. 1984;4(12):195-201. Department of Biology, Boston University, MA 02215, USA.

Modern biological techniques, especially nucleic acid and protein sequencing, have clearly established the validity of the symbiotic theory of the origin of eukaryotic organelles. The serial endosymbiotic theory in its most extreme form states that three classes of eukaryotic cell organelles (mitochondria, plastids and undulipodia) originated as free-living bacteria (aerobic respirers, phototrophic bacteria and spirochetes respectively) in association with hosts that become the nucleocytoplasm (Thermoplasma-like archaebacterial hosts).


Sint numai citeva articole din miile existente in bazele de date stiintifice, disponibile in Internet.

bancul de dimineata - de Belle la: 19/05/2005 15:37:59
(la: Trancaneala Aristocrata "3")
A teenage granddaughter comes downstairs for her date with
this see-through blouse on and no bra. Her grandmother just
pitched a fit, telling her not to dare go out like that!

The teenager tells her "Loosen up Grams. These are modern
times. You gotta let your rose buds show!" and out she goes.

The next day the teenager comes down stairs, and the
grandmother is sitting there with no top on. The teenager
wants to die. She explains to her grandmother that she has
friends coming over and that it is just not appropriate...

The grandmother says, "Loosen up, Sweetie. If you can show
off your rose buds, then I can display my hanging baskets.

Happy Gardening.

;-)
#49825 (raspuns la: #49824) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
scuzele pentru ortografie nu-s destule - de Dan Manoliu la: 23/06/2005 21:42:41
(la: "Ce bine e sa fi desptept si in acelasi timp si roman")
? 1827 - Petrache Poenaru, membru al Academiei Romane si unul dintre organizatorii învatamântului national inventeaza predecesorul stiloului modern: ?condei portaret, fara sfârsit, alimentându?se singur cu cerneala?
Homer had a long lasting writing pen made of reed.
Da Vinci drew improvements ..
Etc…

? 1858 - Bucuresti - primul oras din lume iluminat cu petrol si prima rafinare a petrolului.
Romans had full streets in Rome lighted with torches and with heated sidewalks so that Roman ladies feet do not freeze …
Baltimore in 1816 was the first city to light its streets with gas. ...
Soon much of America, as well as other countries were lighted by gas
First oil refining was done in Ploiesti (not Bucuresti) by Enhlish engineers 1n 1856 … at the time when America found its first oil field … We were ahead here!!!

? 1880 - Dumitru Vasescu - construieste automobilul cu motor cu aburi.
In 1769, the very first self-propelled road vehicle was a military tractor invented by French engineer and mechanic, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (1725 - 1804). Cugnot used a steam engine to power his vehicle, built under his instructions at the Paris Arsenal by mechanic Brezin. It was used by the French Army to haul artillery at a whopping speed of 2 1/2 mph on only three wheels. The vehicle had to stop every ten to fifteen minutes to build up steam power. The steam engine and boiler were separate from the rest of the vehicle and placed in the front (see engraving above). The following year (1770), Cugnot built a steam-powered tricycle that carried four passengers.

? 1881 Alexandru Ciurcu - obtine un brevet din Franta prin care prevede posibilitatea zborului cu reactie.
The earliest rockets were almost certainly Chinese—there is little doubt that the Chinese first developed “black powder,” the basic propellant used in rockets. The combination of salt-peter, charcoal, and sulphur was probably used in fireworks by the Chinese centuries before Christ lived, but the only written records available are dated well into the Middle Ages.
Mongols besieging the city of Kaifeng in 1232 used arrows propelled by rockets (though primarily as a psychological weapon).
Knowledge about rocketry seems to have moved with the Mongol invasions—the Arabs are seen as having developed rockets by the thirteenth century and are reported as having used them against Saint Louis in the Seventh Crusade; the Italians were experimenting with rockets by the fifteenth century. A major refinement in the formula for black powder was made in the thirteenth century by Roger Bacon; this resulted in the creation of gunpowder.
All of those people dreamt of sending people to the moon on the tail of a rocket … Even Cyrano de Bergerac (the real one) did that in a poem …
Conrad Hass (1551-1579), German, an artillery engineer and chief of arsenal of the town of Sibiu. Hass wrote about the construction and the flight tests of multistage rockets, apparently the earliest writings in existence about the science of rocket engineering. How about that???


? 1885 Victor Babes - realizeaza primul tratat de bacteriologie din lume.
May be correct partially… but Pasteur discovered every single entry from the Babes book…see below. I included some additional date for comparison and scale … The Babes Treaty is a list of the following discoveries … And Pasteur is one of many …
1839: Departure to the Royal College of Besançon 1840: Successful candidate for the literature baccalauréat in Besançon. Maître d'études at the College of Besançon 1842: Successful candidate for the mathematical sciences baccalauréat in Dijon 1843: Accepted at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris 1845: Bachelor of Science 1846: Appointed physics professor at the Tournon high school (Ardèche), but stays on at the Ecole Normale Supérieure as a qualified demonstrator. Study of crystals 1847: Doctor of Science 1848: Appointed physics professor at the Dijon high school. Appointed substitute chemistry professor at the science university of Strasbourg.
Research on dimorphism. Historic paper on the distinction between sodium ammonium paratartrate and tartrate. 1849: Pasteur's wedding with Miss Marie Laurent, daughter of the Strasbourg University rector.
Research on the specific properties of the two acids that make up racemic acid. 1851: Paper by Pasteur on aspartic and malic acids. 1852: New research on relationships that can exist between crystalline forms, chemical composition and the direction of rotatory polarisation. 1853: Pasteur is made Knight of the Imperial Order of the Legion of Honour. He obtains the prize of the Pharmacy Society of Paris for the synthesis of racemic acid. Paper on the discovery of the transformation of tartaric acid into racemic acid, discovery of the optically inactive tartaric acid. 1854: Pasteur is nominated Dean of the University of Science at Lille. 1855: Beginning of studies on fermentation, presentation in Lille of a paper on amyl alcohol. 1856: Beginning of researches on alcoholic fermentation. 1857: Appointed administrator of the Ecole Normale and director of scientific studies of this school. Paper on lactic fermentation. Paper on alcoholic fermentation. 1858: Installation of his laboratory in the attic of the Ecole Normale in Paris, rue d'Ulm Survey by Pasteur on so-called "spontaneous" generations. 1859: Experimental physiology prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. 1860: Air sampling at Arbois to investigate the issue of so-called "spontaneous" generation. Examination of the doctrine of so-called "spontaneous" generation. 1861: Jecker prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. Publication in the bulletin of the Chemistry Society of Paris of all his results on vinegar.
1862: Election at the Academy of Science (mineralogy section). Studies on mycoderma and on the role of these plants in acetic fermentation. Alhumbertprize for his research on spontaneous generation. 1863: Napoléon III asks Pasteur to study wine diseases Studies on wine - the influence of air oxygen on vinification. Nominated Professor of Applied Geology, Physics and Chemistry at the National College of Fine Arts 1864: Installation of a laboratory at Arbois for his research on wine 1865: Practical process for improving wine conservation. Studies on silkworm diseases, work on pasteurisation. 1866: Publication of the paper "Studies on wine". Publication of an essay on the scientific work of Claude Bernard. 1867: Creation of a physiological chemistry laboratory at the Ecole Normale. Appointed Professor of organic chemistry at the Sorbonne. Great Prize from the Universal Exhibition for his studies on wine. Resignation from his administrative duties at the Ecole Normale. 1868: Degree as a medical doctor at the University of Bonn. Pasteur suffers from a stroke affecting his left side. Commander of the Legion of Honour. Publication of his studies on vinegar. 1870: Publication of his studies on silkworm diseases. 1871: Studies on beer. 1873: Elected Member of the Academy of Medicine 1876: Publication of his studies on beer. 1877: Paper on the alteration of urine. Studies on anthrax. Studies on septicaemia. 1878: Nominated Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour.
Publication of the paper "Germ theory and its applications to medicine and surgery". Papers on chicken cholera.
Research on gangrene, septicaemia and puerperal fever 1879: Paper on plague. Discovery of immunisation by attenuated cultures. 1880: Becomes Member of the Central Society of Veterinary Medicine. Paper on virulent diseases (Pasteur introduces the principle of attenuated-virus vaccines). Beginning of his research on rabies. 1881: Nominated Grand Cross Holder of the Legion of Honour. Anthrax vaccine. Work on yellow fever near Bordeaux.
Election to the French Academy. 1882: Paper on contagious pleuropneumonia of horned animals. Studies on swine erysipelas. 1883: Vaccination against swine erysipelas using an attenuated-virus vaccine. 1884: New communications on rabies. Communication on pathogenic microbes and attenuated-virus vaccines at the Copenhagen Congress. Pasteur presents the general principle of vaccinations against virulent diseases. 1885: First anti-rabies vaccination on a human being

? 1886 Alexandru Ciurcu - construieste prima ambarcatiune cu reactie.
It’s more complicated, Ciurcu e numai un participant … one of two; also, educated in France.
Desire and Victoire Piot (A late eighteenth century French engineer / inventor and the origins of the Vapour Pulse Jet) probably fled France on the out break of the Franco–Prussian war in 1870 finally arriving in London where he tested his first successful pulse jet boats. Desire Piot could well have been inspired by a rocket powered boat developed by Just Buisson and Ciurcu. Not so successful demonstrations of their jet boat on the river Seine in Paris took place from August to December 1886 for the benefit of the French Ministry of Defense.


? 1887 C. I. Istrate - Friedelina si franceinele.
Correct!!!

? 1895 D. Hurmuzescu - descopera electroscopul.
Jean Antoine Nollet (1700–1770) was a clergyman and physicist. In 1748, Nollet invented one of the first electrometers, the electroscope, which detected the presence of electric charge by using electrostatic attraction and repulsion. Nollet later wrote a theory on electrical attraction and repulsion based on the existence of a continuous flow of electrical matter between charged bodies and became the the first professor of experimental physics at the University of Paris.
Many others including George Washington did the same before our guy … 1755 or so …

? 1899 C.I. Istrate - o noua clasa de coloranti.
Maybe …

? 1900 Nicolae Teclu - becul cu reglarea curentului electric si gaz.
Are you serious??? “Becul de labborator cu reglarea curentului de AER si gaz”; big difference!!!
How about Bunsen? Premix (meaning air and gas) burners were the first purpose-designed burners, and they can be traced back more than 100 years to the Bunsen and similar laboratory burners. A premix burner system really consists of two key components, the burner head or nozzle, and the gas-air mixing device that feeds it. In some cases they're built as a single unit. The mixer uses the energy of a pressurized stream of air and/or gas to mix the two and present them to the burner nozzle, which provides an ignition and anchoring point for the flame and controls its shape.

? 1904 Emil Racovita - fondatorul biospeologiei.
Absolutely correct!!!

? 1905 Augustin Maior - telefonia multipla.
AT&T 1902 … also Bell Laboratoryes …

? 1906, 18.03 - Traian Vuia - avionul cu tren de aterizare pe roti cu pneuri; cu ?Vuia I? acesta reuseste prima decolare fara sa foloseasca nici un mijloc ajutator, numai cu aparate aflate la bord (în fapt, primul avion din istorie).
Are you serious?
The first powered heavier-than-air flight took place in 1890 (Clement Ader, steam engine on bat-winged monoplane, 60 yards). The Wrights' 1903 flight (300 yards) was the first photographed heavier-than-air flight. [Correction: not quite true; there exist photos of Lilienthal's non-powered heavier-than-air flights in the 1890s.] After the advent of relatively light combustion engines (such as Benz, Otto, Diesel), other pioneers pursued similar approaches, but no photographs were taken by Richard Pearse (New Zealand, March 1903) and Karl Jatho (August 1903). Finally, the Wrights needed headwinds or catapults to start their planes, so they were not fully self-powered. But Brazil's Santos-Dumont was (1906, first official airplane flight).
Important stuff: Richard Pearse March 31, 1902. Accounts by witnesses of the flight vary, from "50 to 400 yards in length", but it seems most likely that it was around 350 yards long, and ending prematurely when the flying machine landed in a large hedge - 4 metres off the ground ! The aircraft was the first to use proper ailerons, instead of the inferior wing warping system that the Wright's used. The flying machine also had a modern tricycle type landing gear, thus negating the need for ramps, slides, or skids. Any suitable road would do. The flying machine was aerodynamically crude, for sure, but did the job on the day, and in fact for months afterwards. By the end of July 1903, Pearse had achieved flights of around one kilometre in length, and perhaps even more amazingly, some of them included turns ! An absolutely fantastic achievement for the time. Pearce also built the engine, which was estimated at about 15 - 22hp, but hampered by a much cruder propeller than the Wright's machine.

? 1906 A.A. Beldiman - aparatul hidraulic cu dalta de percutie pentru sondaje adânci.
Tough to prove!!!

? 1908 Lazar Edeleanu ? primul procedeu de rafinare a produselor petroliere cu bioxid de sulf din lume, procedeu care ii poarta numele.
A good one!!! Oil helped us a lot in the first half of last century.

? 1908 Acad. Nicolaie Vasilescu-Karpen - ?pila Karpen", care functioneaza înca si produce curent electric, neîntrerupt, de aproape 100 de ani!
William Grove produced the first fuel cell in 1839 over 150 years ago. He based his experiment on the fact that sending an electric current through water splits the water into its component parts of hydrogen and oxygen. So, Grove tried reversing the reaction - combining hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity and water. This is the basis of a simple fuel cell. The term “fuel cell” was coined later in 1889 by Ludwig Mond and Charles Langer, who attempted to build the first practical device using air and industrial coal gas.

? 1910 iunie - Aurel Vlaicu - lanseaza primul avion din lume fuselat aerodinamic.
See also Rolland Garos and other Santos-Dumont financed … French aircraft … and … so… on …

? 1910 Tache Brumarescu - masina de taiat sulf.
So what? The Austrians have invented the sowing machine before that. So what. The English invented the automated knitting machines before that. So what?

? 1910 Stefan Procopiu - efectul circular al discontinuitatilor de magnetism.
Bohr-Procopiu magneton … amazing participation to highly sophisticated physics. An excellent one …

? 1910 Gh. Marinescu - tratamentul paraliziei generale.
Close but no cigar! It was alive and well in America before 1900 …

? 1910 Henri Coanda reuseste primul zbor al unui avion cu reactie (fabricatie proprie).
Correct!!! First and foremost, it is now being recognized as the first air-reactive engine (jet) aircraft, making its first and only flight October, 1910. ... in Paris (not Romania, of course).


? 1910 Ioan Cantacuzino - ? fenomenul Cantacuzino? (aglutinarea unor microbi).
How about this? First experiments with streptococcal agglutination Paul Moser and Bensaude, Le phenomene de l'agglutination des. microbes. Carre, Paris 1897. ...

? 1913-1916 Ioan Cantacuzino - vaccinarea antiholerica (metoda Cantacuzino)
Pasteur was known as the father of stereochemistry, but his contributions to microbiology and medicine were greater. Pasteur discovered anaerobic bacteria and two silkworm diseases. It was he who discovered that if you take a microbe that causes a particular disease, for instance, smallpox, and make a weakened form of it, that weakened smallpox microbe can be used to fight off the stronger smallpox microbes. Doctors now inoculate people against all kinds of diseases and, for a time, had almost eradicated smallpox. Pasteur also invented the anthrax vaccine, the cholera vaccine, and the rabies vaccine. He died in 1895.

? 1916 D. Danielopolu - actiunea hipertensiva a digitalei.
The man credited with the introduction of digitalis into the practice of medicine was William Withering. Withering was born in Wellington, Shropshire, England in 1741. He followed in the medical footsteps of his father who was an apothecary-surgeon. Withering received his MD degree in 1766. As an individual, William Withering was an extremely giving person. He would personally see and treat two or three thousand poor patients a year limiting him to making about 1000 British pounds as compared to his contemporary doctors who made 5000 British pounds per year. Withering published about 19 articles during his lifetime. After fighting a long battle with tuberculosis, William Withering, the father of digitalis medicine, died on October 6 1799, at the age of 58.

? 1918 Gogu Constantinescu - întemeiaza o noua stiinta: sonicitatea.
Correct but not in Romania; in England where he educated himself and become a teacher of physics. Had he stayed in Romania he would have done nothing like most of us …

? 1919 Stefan Procopiu - unitatea elementara de energie magnetica (magnetonul).
Same as above, verry good!!!

? 1920 Emil Racovita - pune bazele Institutul de Speologie Cluj (primul din lume).
First in the world is tough to prove!!!

? 1920 ing. Gheorghe Botezatu - a calculat traiectoriile posibile Pamânt - Luna, folosite la pregatirea programelor ?Apollo? (al caror parinte a fost sibianul Herman Oberth); el a fost si seful echipei de matematicieni care a lucrat la proiectul rachetei ?Apollo? care a dus primul om pe Luna.
About the calculations Earth-Moon you must be kidding.
Herman Oberth also started Hitler’s V1 and, by the way, hated Romania and wrote to German leadership to dump Romania as an ally …

? 1921 Aurel Persu - automobilul fara diferential, cu motor în spate (de forma ?picaturii de apa").
Could be but it does not work …

? 1921 Nicolae Paulescu - descopera insulina; pentru ca era un anti-mason virulent, Premiul Nobel l-au primit canadienii F. Banting si J.R.J. McLeod pentru aceasta descoperire?
It should already be clear that 1920 comes before 1921 but anyway … there were others also …
1908 German scientist, Georg Zuelzer develops the first injectible pancreatic extract to suppress glycosuria; however, there are extreme side effects to the treatment.
1010-1920 Frederick Madison Allen and Elliot P. Joslin emerge as the two leading diabetes specialists in the United States.
1913 Allen, after three years of diabetes study, publishes Studies Concerning Glycosuria and Diabetes, a book which is significant for the revolution in diabetes therapy that developed from it.
1919 Frederick Allen publishes Total Dietary Regulation in the Treatment of Diabetes, citing exhaustive case records of 76 of the 100 diabetes patients he observed, becomes the director of diabetes research at the Rockefeller Institute.
July 1, 1920 Dr. Banting opens his first office in London, Ontario. He receives his first patient on July 29th; his total earnings for his first month of work is $4.00.

? 1921 Stefan Procopiu - Fenomenul Procopiu (depolarizarea luminii).
May be …

? 1922 C.Levaditi si Sazevac - bismutul ca agent terapeutic împotriva sifilisului.
Bullshit!!!
Syphilis was treated with mercury or other ineffective remedies until World War I (1914-1916), when effective treatments based on arsenic or bismuth were introduced. These were succeeded by antibiotics after World War II.


? 1925 Traian Vuia - generatorul de abur cu ardere în camera închisa si cu vaporizare instantanee.
Vuia was a great engineer, but when he tried to patent his airplane the Arsenal in Romania threw him out and he had to go to France to find forward looking people to fund his invention … Now we want him! La placinte innainte, la razboi innapoi …

? 1930 Elie Carafoli - avionul cu aripa joasa.
Bullshit!!!
Zdenek Lhota - Czechoslovakia – 1925 - flew the BH-11 low-wing monoplane.
Albert W. (Al) Mooney - chief engineer at Alexander (1928-1929) was responsible for the Bullet, an advanced, high speed, low wing monoplane. With Mooney's patented retractable landing gear, it was a mild sensation and ahead of its time.

? 1933 Henri Coanda - aerodina lenticulara (farfuria zburatoare).
? 1938 Henri Coanda - efectul Coanda.
? 1938 Henri Coanda - discul volant.
The Coanda Effect is a real Romanian contribution to the progress of science. All good!!! But again in England, not in Romania. That should tell anyone something …

? 1952 Ia fiinta Institutul National de Geronto-Geriatrie ?Dr. Ana Aslan", primul institut de geriatrie din lume, model pentru tarile dezvoltate, prin asistenta clinica si cercetare. ?Ana Aslan? are, anual, mii de pacienti.
A big lie …and a lot of word of mouth phony advertising …

Exagerarea contributiei noastre la motorul societatii umane ii face pe unii romani sa creada ca, de buni ce suntem, n-avem nimic de schimbat, iar ceilalti sa ne pupe ...

Sarcina celor ce publca e sa corecteze asta.

Dan Manoliu
Canada
un citat celebru The Matrix h - de andleia la: 07/07/2005 16:03:14
(la: Topul 100 citate celebre din filme)
un citat celebru The Matrix has you.. sau ceva de genu... sau May the Force be with you... cre`ca stiti de unde... ;;)
da mai am unele da chiar nu`mi aduc aminte de unde :))))
How soon is now? How far is tomorrow? (ps:nu ca ar fi cine stie de celebre, da` pur si simplu I love them :)) )
transilvanpop - de Cassandra la: 21/07/2005 01:47:57
(la: SUFLETUL ESTE NEMURITOR)
Da-mi voie sa te felicit pentru cunostintele tale biblice. Frunzaream din curiozitate mesajele din conferinta prezenta si intimplarea a facut sa vad raspunsul tau pentru donQ in legatura cu concordanta intre referintele biblice si descoperirile arheologice:

Cred ca ai fost gresit informat.
Imi permit sa citez din declaratiile catorva mari arheologi:

Nelson Glueck: "Se poate afirma categoric ca nici o descoperire arheologica nu a contrazis vreodata o referinta biblica ... memoria istorica de o exactitate aproape incredibila a Bibliei si mai ales cand aceasta e intarita de dovezi arheologice..."

William F. albright: "Nu incape nici o indoiala cu privire la faptul ca arheologia a confirmat caracterul substantial istoric al traditiei Vechiului Testament ... Descoperirile arheologice au stabilit una dupa alta acuratetea nenumaratelor detalii, sporind recunoasterea valorii Bibliei ca sursa de istorie."


Poate nu stiai dar in prezent datarea acestor descoperiri arheologice include metoda 14C. Asa ca inevitabil mi-am amintit care era parera ta despre aceste metode de datare in conferinta despre evolutie, imi permit sa te citez:

Datarea radiometrica e refuzata de creationisti si nu numai, deoarece erorile date de aceasta sunt grosolane.

Iata citeva descoperiri arheologice care confirma referinte biblice, in care s-a folosit metoda 14C:

Canadian archeologist Russell Adams, along with Thomas Levy of the University of California at San Diego and Mohammad Najjar of the Jordanian Department of Antiquities recently discovered a monumental tenth century B.C. fortress at a site called Khirbat en-Nahas (30 miles south of the Dead Sea in Jordan).2 The use of high-precision radiocarbon dating (14C) methods on some of the relics firmly established that occupation of the site had began in the eleventh century B.C.

These early dates establish the existence of the Edomite kingdom at the time King David and his son Solomon ruled over Israel. The Old Testament claims that David conquered the Edomites and placed garrisons there.3 The Bible claims that David ruled from ~1010 B.C. to 970 B.C., which is directly correlated with the dates determined at Khirbat en-Nahas. Now that 14C dating is being used to accurately determine archeological sites in the Middle East, we should be getting a better idea of the accuracy of Old Testament histories

http://www.godandscience.org/apologetics/edom.html
Sau in legatura cu distrugerea Ierihonului:
http://www.godandscience.org/apologetics/thera.html

Tu ce parere ai si cum explici atitudinea atit de diferita fata de metodele datarii cu 14C, in definitiv fata de metodele radiometrice in general - cind e vorba de teoria evolutiei dau erori grosolane, cind e vorba de demonstrarea veridicitatii bibliei insa metoda 14C este "accurate" si de "high precision".

cica ;) - de Belle la: 09/11/2005 21:22:44
(la: Trancaneala Aristocrata "7")
It's frustrating when you know all the answers but nobody bothers
to ask you the questions.

Time may be a great healer, but it's a lousy beautician.

Wisdom comes with age, but sometimes age comes alone.

THE FOUR STAGES OF LIFE:

1) You believe in Santa Claus.
2) You don't believe in Santa Claus.
3) You are Santa Claus.
4) You look like Santa Claus.


SUCCESS:

At age 4 success is . . not peeing in your pants.
At age 12 success is . having friends.
At age 16 success is . . . having a drivers license.
At age 35 success is . having money.
At age 50 success is . . . having money.
At age 70 success is . . . having a drivers license.
At age 75 success is . having friends.
At age 80 success is . not peeing in your pants.
#86244 (raspuns la: #86232) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Fotografie chinezeasca - de Dinu Lazar la: 02/02/2006 22:11:01
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
mereu am spus ca fotografia chineza este extraordinara... multumim de link.

Daca tot suntem la rubrica de situri memorabile... stiati de asta?

www.GoSee.us

Iata ce gasim acolo, printre altele:

01. NEW : Celina Stromeyer, photo agent, Munich
NEW to GoSee is Munich agent Celina Stromeyer. And without any further ado, let’s get straight on with her latest NEWS:

Roger WEBER has just been producing in the south of Spain with model Teresa Moore c/o MUNICH MODELS for fashion client TAIFUN. Fred STICHNOTH shot the new image brochure for client LODENFREY. And the result is a superb mixture of stills and Fred's typical fairy-like models .... read more.

02. Traska Andresen : APRIORI, OTTO, PEUGEOT, ...
Leif SCHMODDE photographed the new APRIORI catalogue with our favourite star model Diana Gaertner in Ibiza. Location was a wonderful white villa. Hair and make-up came from STEFFEN Zoll c/o M4 MOTION, casting from Michaela Henning.

Torsten KLINKOW has been taking photos on behalf of London agency bd-ntwk in Cape Town for the introduction of the PEUGEOT 207. The results can be seen soon at the Geneva Salon. Then straight afterwards he went to Avignon, to photograph racing driver Jean Alesi with the MERCEDES CLS 55 AMG for the MERCEDES DESIGN MAGAZINE. Art buyer Anika Fregin from Jung von Matt booked Torsten for BMW .... read more.
07. Art Division : Brazilian ELLE, VOGUE, AIGNER, ....
Sacha HOECHSTETTER has been working for Brazilian ELLE, with model Prisila Uchoa, hair + make-up was the job of Andre Gagliardo and the styling was by Jussara Romao. And also for Brazilian VOGUE Sacha shot a fashion editorial, plus he also photographed a Playmate for the German PLAYBOY.

Hervé HADDAD has been taking photos in Milano for the new AIGNER catalogue in cooperation with still life duo Mierswa and Kluska .... read more.
14. New Line Concept : New recruit JOSÉ MANUEL FERRATER
Marcus Schwenzel is now representing Spanish fashion photographer José Manuel FERRATER in Germany. José has produced international campaigns for: ZARA with AMBER VALETTA and CAROLYN MURPHY, MANGO with CARMEN KASS, LACOSTE with SUZANNE KAY... And we have some new work by Joan ALSINA .... read more.
http://www.GoSee.us


#103619 (raspuns la: #103595) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului



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