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one hundred years of solitude


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Carti remarcabile - de mircios la: 16/05/2004 00:18:19
(la: Carti ce ne-au marcat existenta)
Louis-Ferdinand Celine - Voyage au but de la nuit - Journey to the End of the Night - Calatorie la capatul noptii
William Boyd - Any Human Heart - À livre ouvert - nu cred ca a aparut inca in romaneste
Itallo Calvino - Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore - If on a winter's night traveller
Hermann Hesse - Der Steppenwolf - Steppenwolf - Lupul de stepa -
Stanislaw Lem - Solaris
Haruki Murakami - The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle - nu cred ca a aparut in romaneste, desi au aparut alte carti ale lui
Salman Rushdie - The Satanic Verses - Versetele satanice
Par Lagerkvist - The Dwarf - Piticul
Gabriel García Márquez - Un veac de singuratate - One Hundred Years of Solitude
Jostein Gaarder - Sophie's World - Lumea Sofiei - nu cred ca a aparut in romaneste
Kim Stanley Robinson - The Years of Rice and Salt
de pe site-ul lui Marquez:http://www.themodernword.com/gabo/gabo - de oberon la: 17/04/2006 11:50:52
(la: “Un geniu isi ia ramas bun”)
...............................................................................................
Unfortunately, in 1999 García Márquez was diagnosed with lymphatic cancer, and to this day he suffers under a regimen of treatments, often taking him from Cartagena or Mexico City to clinics in Los Angeles, where his son, filmmaker Rodrigo García, lives.
Setting aside fiction for the time being, Gabo is concentrating on writing his memoirs, the first volume of which was published in 2001 as Vivir para contarla, or To Live to Tell It. Instantly selling out its first print run in Latin America, the volume quickly became the best selling book ever in the Spanish-speaking world. (It was recently published in the United States by Knopf, who will bring out an English translation sometime in late 2003.) The first of a promised set of three volumes, Vivir para contarla details Gabo's life up until 1955. He is currently at work on Volume II, which will focus on the writing and publication of his major works, including One Hundred Years of Solitude.
guinevere - de Radha la: 07/01/2011 15:45:56
(la: Doar un schimb de bandaje)
Mie prima parte mi s-a parut ca o pictura suprarealista si mi-a amintit de Marquez (A hundred years of solitude)...dupa paragraful cu ciresele ai schimbat macazul si te-am pierdut. Oricum ai multa imaginatie :)
proudfreckled - de Cassandra la: 16/07/2005 02:16:51
(la: Oamenii nu se trag din maimuta)
Shannon are meritul de a fi pus bazele matematice ale teoriei comunicatiei si de a fi elaborat o definitie precisa pentru notiunea de informatie. Teoria sa ofera metode robuste de masurare cantitativa a informatiei si are aplicatii in aproape toate domeniile inclusiv in biologie.

Gitt a ocupat in trecut pozitii importante in cadrul Instit. Federal German de Fizica si Tehnologie, si a publicat articole despre stiinta informatiei, matematica si inginerie. Nu este insa un expert in teoria evolutiei.
In cartea sa “La inceput a fost informatia”, Gitt sustine ca Shannon a omis in teoria informatiei notiunea de “scop” si “semnificatie” a unui mesaj, ca urmare elaboreaza o serie de “teoreme” menite sa completeze teoria acestuia. Si totul pentru a sustine ideea ca pentru ca informatia sa existe, e nevoie de inteligenta si cum molecula de ADN contine informatie, singura explicatie este ca ea a fost creata de Dumnezeu. O mutatie genetica presupune noua informatie deci conform teoremelor lui Gitt mutatiile inclusiv cele care conduc la boli grave, sint actiunea lui Dzeu! Intr-adevar marinimie. Pedepseste fiintele inainte de a comite macar pacatul de a veni pe lume... Cred ca nu e nevoie sa mai adaug ca Gitt este un creationist, si in treacat pot sa spun ca nu ma mira deloc ca un creationist participa impreuna cu altii la o megaconferinta, intrunire sau cum vor sa-i spuna.

Cit priveste “ce vor sa demonstreze toti acesti oameni”, nu este nici un mister. Ei VOR SA DEMONSTREZE ca stiinta evolutiei este gresita pentru ca cred ca ea ameninta bazele credintei lor religioase. Am mai spus ca “stiinta” creationista a aparut ca reactie impotriva tuturor acelor teorii stiintifice care in mod aparent contrazic preceptele religiei. Si se pare ca au un mare interes in a avea succes, doar ca afirmatiile bazate pe credinta ca tot ceea ce are o complexitate ireductibila a putut fi creat doar de Dumnezeu, nu pot fi ipoteze stiintifice.

In privinta ultimei tale intrebari, trebuie luat in considerare faptul ca creationismul se opune evolutiei si ataca metodologia stiintifica deci ataca stiinta adevarata. Gitt este un creationist si ca atare imbratiseaza ideile creationiste. Iar consecintele acestui fapt pot fi dezastroase pentru toata omenirea. Doar trecind in revista programul megaconferintei creationiste, care are pretentia de intrunire stiintifica, si ma trec fiori:

What’s the Best Evidence that God Created?
How to Defend the Christian Faith in a Secular World
Apemen, “missing links” and the Bible
The Importance of Chronology in the Bible
The History and Impact of the Book The Genesis Flood
Genesis: The Bottom Strip of the Christian Faith
Image of God or Planet of Apes?
The Ice Age: Only the Bible Explains It
Distant Starlight: Not a Problem for a Young Universe
In the Beginning Was Information
Noah’s Ark and the Flood
Two Hundred Years of Christian Compromise on the Age of the Earth
Jesus in Genesis: the Messianic Prophecies
Our Galaxy at the Center of the Universe: Dark Matter and Dark Energy?

Am inteles opinia ta cu privire la imposibilitatea explicarii multor aspecte cum este aparitia de molecule complexe, in definitiv aparitia vietii pe pamint, si sint de acord ca deocamdata stiinta nu are raspunsuri la multe intrebari. Dar de aici si pina la a afirma ca intreaga teorie a evolutiei nu se sustine, ca stiinta nu functioneaza si ca urmare singura explicatie este creatia divina, este o mare diferenta. Nu ne invirtim in nici un cerc – sint intrebari la care stiinta nu a raspuns inca sau la care poate niciodata nu va raspunde, pretentie pe care stiinta nici nu o are. Dar e gresit sa interpretam lipsa de raspunsuri ca o lipsa de valabilitate.

Evolutia pe pamint este certa. Dezbaterile stiintifice sint cu privire la teoria evolutiei cea care explica modul in care s-a produs evolutia speciilor pe pamint. De fapt avem de-a face cu mai multe teorii si ipoteze. In multe aspecte, exista consens cu privire la aceste teorii, alte aspecte sint inca dezbatute de oamenii de stiinta, totusi acest fapt nu trebuie perceput (asa cum incearca creationistii sa dea impresia) ca o lipsa de coerenta sau ca o shubrezie a intregii teorii.
De ce spun ca teoria evolutiei este importanta. Ca mod de a explica lumea, prin faptul ca nu situeaza omul in centrul universului viu asigura o mai buna apropiere a acestuia fata de natura din care provine, si in consecinta asigura o mai buna apropiere intre oameni si ii confera omului o pozitie mai “umila” in raport cu universul. In medicina aplicarea teoriei evolutiei conduce la o mai buna intelegere a modului de a lupta impotriva bolilor si germenilor. Din motivul asta si din multe altele, a condus la cresterea bunastarii oamenilor. Nu este greu sa facem un exercitiu de gindire si sa ne imaginam lumea in absenta acestor principii, de fapt nu avem decit sa ne uitam in jur si sa cautam in istorie.
five distinct species of human. - de Muresh la: 30/03/2006 20:37:31
(la: Oare toţi oamenii de astăzi au origină comună ?)
http://go.hrw.com/resources/go_sc/bpe/HX10GJ14.PDF
Fragmente din articolul de mai sus, scrie de catre Dr. George Johnson in "On Science".
It is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the Out-of-Africa
all along. theory was right
Researchers now recognize
with considerable bickering about the details five distinct species of human.
While the details of this story are still quite controversial among
paleontologists, the emerging consensus is that there have been at least five species of humans, all of them evolving in Africa and four of them migrating out in successive waves to Europe and Africa.


Did our species evolve only in Africa? Some paleontologists do not accept the last stage in this story. They reject the Out-of-Africa theory that Homo sapiens evolved in Africa then migrated out, replacing earlier
human species as it spread out over the face of the globe. Instead, they put forth a multi-regional proposal, sometimes called the Regional
Continuity Theory. This theory proposes a single very early migration out of Africa to Europe and Asia, followed by two million years of evolution in place. African, European, and Asian lineages evolved separately adapting to local conditions, yet all were linked evolutionarily by occasional migration. While distinct human races developed, the exchange
of genes promoted by occasional migrants prevented major genetic differences from persisting, so no race was able to become a separate species.
Who is right? One obvious way to sort out this problem without resorting to statistical shenanigans is to find enough genetic variation to make clear comparisons, and then ask if humans in Africa, Europe, and Asia have the same amount of it. Species accumulate genetic mutations over time, and if multi-regionalism is right, then humans in the three regions should have about the same amount.
On the other hand, if our species originated
only in Africa, and migrated out to Europe and Asia later, then you would expect that many more genetic mutations would have accumulated in Africa
for our species would have been there much longer
This presents a significant problem in studying human evolution, as human species have evolved within the last two million years, too short a time to accumulate many gene differences

A clear test of the multiregional proposal is possible using such highly variable portions of chromosomal DNA, as they provide a large number of
"markers" to compare
----------------
......... analyzing two highly variable segments on chromosome 12. Sixteen hundred individuals were examined in 42 populations.
A total of 24 different versions of the two segments were found, each a different but related gene sequence. Fully 21 of them were present in African populations, while 3 were found in Europeans, and only 2 in Asians and in Americans.
Since DNA accumulates mutations over time, the oldest populations of
humans should show the greatest number of genetic differences,
the European and Asian humans haven't been around nearly as long as African ones.


ptr. Zamolxe - de SB_one la: 12/11/2003 15:16:14
(la: Irak)
Ai vorbit ca un tarabostes; nu-mi ramine decit sa adaug cele de mai jos.
SB

> This will get you fired up!
>
>
>
> I wonder how many people are aware of this information. Love him or
> loath him, he nailed this one right on the head
>
> By Rush Limbaugh:
>
> I think the vast differences in compensation between victims of the
> September 11 casualty and those who die serving the country in Uniform
> are profound. No one is really talking about it either, because you
> just don't criticize anything having to do with September 11.
>
> Well, I just can't let the numbers pass by because it says something
> really disturbing about the entitlement mentality of this country.
>
> If you lost a family member in the September 11 attack, you're going to
> get an average of $1,185,000. The range is a minimum guarantee of
> $250,000, all the way up to $4.7 million.
>
> If you are a surviving family member of an American soldier killed In
> action, the first check you get is a $6,000 direct death benefit, half
> of which is taxable. Next, you get $1,750 for burial costs. If you are
> the surviving spouse, you get $833 a month until you remarry.
>
> And there's a payment of $211 per month for each child under 18. When
> the child hits 18, those payments come to a screeching halt.
>
> Keep in mind that some of the people who are getting an average of
> $1.185 million up to $4.7 million are complaining that it's not enough.
> Their deaths were tragic, but for most, they were simply in the wrong
> place at the wrong time. Soldiers put themselves in harms way FOR ALL
> OF US, and they and their families know the dangers.
>
> We also learned over the weekend that some of the victims from the
> Oklahoma City bombing have started an organization asking for the same
> deal that the September 11 families are getting. In addition to that,
> some of the families of those bombed in the embassies are now asking for
> compensation as well.
>
> You see where this is going, don't you? Folks, this is part and parcel
> of over 50 years of entitlement politics in this country. It's just
> really sad.
>
> Every time a pay raise comes up for the military, they usually receive
> next to nothing of a raise. Now the green machine is in combat in the
> Middle East while their families have to survive on food stamps and live
> in low-rent housing. Make sense?
>
> However, our own U.S. Congress just voted themselves a raise, and many
> of you don't know that they only have to be in Congress one time to
> receive a pension that is more than $15,000 per month, and most are now
> equal to being millionaires plus. They also do not receive Social
> Security on retirement because they didn't have to pay into the system.
>
> If some of the military people stay in for 20 years and get out as an
> E-7, you may receive a pension of $1,000 per month, and the very people
> who placed you in harm's way receive a pension of $15,000 per month. I
> would like to see our elected officials pick up a weapon and join ranks
> before they start cutting out benefits and lowering pay for our sons and
> daughters who are now fighting.
>
> "When do we finally do something about this?" If this doesn't seem fair
> to you, it is time to forward this to as many people as you can.
>
> If your interested there is more............
>
> This must be a campaign issue in 2004. Keep it going. SOCIAL SECURITY:
> (This is worth the read. It's short and to the point.)
>
> Perhaps we are asking the wrong questions during election years. Our
> Senators and Congressmen do not pay into Social Security. Many years
> ago they voted in their own benefit plan. In more recent years, no
> congressperson has felt the need to change it. For all practical
> purposes their plan works like this:
>
> When they retire, they continue to draw the same pay until they die,
> except it may increase from time to time for cost of living adjustments.
> For example, former Senator Byrd and Congressman White and their wives
> may expect to draw $7,800,000 - that's Seven Million, Eight Hundred
> Thousand), with their wives drawing $275,000.00 during the last years of
> their lives. This is calculated on an average life span for each.
>
> Their cost for this excellent plan is $00.00. These little perks they
> voted for themselves is free to them. You and I pick up the tab for
> this plan. The funds for this fine retirement plan come directly from
> the General Fund--our tax dollars at work! From our own Social Security
> Plan, which you and I pay (or have paid) into --every payday until we
> retire (which amount is matched by our employer) --we can expect to get
> an average $1,000 per month after retirement. Or, in other words, we
> would have to collect our average of $1,000 monthly benefits for 68
> years and one month to equal Senator Bill Bradley's benefits!
>
> Social Security could be very good if only one small change were made.
> And that change would be to jerk the Golden Fleece Retirement Plan from
> under the Senators and Congressmen. Put them into the Social Security
> plan with the rest of us and then watch how fast they would fix it.
>
> If enough people receive this, maybe a seed of awareness will be planted
> and maybe good changes will evolve. WE, each one of us... can make a
> difference..
>
>
.
#4084 (raspuns la: #4079) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
La ei se poate face, la noi nu, ca suntem mai fraieri... - de Dinu Lazar la: 02/09/2004 01:08:19
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
La ei se poate face o istorie a fotografiei, la noi nu, caci suntem mai inapoiati, probabil... si cum pe vremea lu` Dracula nu se faceau poze, e pacat, pentru ca atit i-ar duce mintea, "Pictures with dr.Acula"...
Dar avem si noi partea noastra de vina.

HP Declare British National Photo Album a Success
HP Press Release 01/09/04

Britain's first National Photo Album unearths hidden photographic treasures

HP is pleased to announce the initial success of the National Photo Album, one of the most ambitious public archiving projects in recent history. Having urged the nation to dust off its old photograph albums and rummage through its attics, HP has been astonished to see people react so positively.

With over 5,000 images already submitted and more than 300,000 hits in the first two months, The National Photo Album has been embraced by the public. The search has uncovered some hidden gems from the photo albums of members of the public, such as:

- The enchanting image of Big Ben taken during the strikes in the 1970s, when fuel was at a premium and the spot lights had to be switched off
- A chance meeting with George Best relaxing on holiday in Majorca in 1972
- Young twins working a wooden washing machine in 1939
- A boxing match between sailors, to entertain the troops on HMS Emperor of India in 1915



"We expected a good response, but I don't think we ever imagined that people would react in such a positive manner. The HP National Photo Album is quickly turning into the vital photographic resource we always hoped it would. And there's no doubt that The Daily Mirror has contributed enormously to our success as we supplied its 'Pic of the Week' for almost two months," said Peter Urey, marketing and category manager for HP's Imaging and Printing Group. "No one else is providing a photographic resource which contains pictures solely taken by everyday people and we believed that this difference would offer a 'back stage pass' to our history, now we know for sure that it does."

The aim of The National Photo Album was to search for images of individuals, families, workplaces, events, outings, cities, towns and villages, all accompanied with the story behind each picture; anything which revealed something of the way Britain has worked, played, lived and loved over the past two hundred years. The results have been fascinating with a hugely varied collection of pictures and stories.

"The HP National Photo Album is an excellent incentive to keep British History alive," said one of the National Photo Album's visitors. "It's always great to be able to see other people's pictures of years, events and times gone by and I'm certain that as the word spreads, it will be a much visited site."

"We were hoping for pictures which would immediately provoke attention such as pictures of Elvis Presley's only visit to the UK, but what we have found is that we have received a far more interesting selection of stories," added Urey. "When you read a story about a 10 year old boy, with numerous siblings who was the only bread winner in his family, you realise the importance of these pictures as historical materials."

The HP National Photo Album is free to access at www.nationalphotoalbum.co.uk Anyone wanting to contribute to the archive can offer their pictures for consideration in one of two ways.

- Option 1: Upload images directly onto the archive at www.nationalphotoalbum.co.uk by following simple step by step instructions.
- Option 2: Submit entries via post to HP National Photo Album, 31 St. Petersburgh Place, London W2 4LA where they will be vetted and uploaded by experts.

*All images must be accompanied by a suitably sized self-addressed envelope. Every effort will be made to return the images in good order but HP cannot be held liable for damaged or lost photographs.

HP has a unique history and expertise in digital imaging. Currently it is assisting museums and art galleries around the world including the UK's National Gallery, in digitising their collections to ensure that the world's most important images are captured for posterity. Now it is turning its attention to the treasure trove of photographs that lie gathering dust in the nation's attics.

By digitising and storing these valuable images HP is aiming to ensure that this valuable photographic inheritance is not lost and can be shared with millions of people. Suitable pictures will be added to the HP National Photo Album which will be a searchable online database of images that can be accessed and downloaded for free.

#20820 (raspuns la: #20776) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
La multi ani DON PEDRO!!!!!! HAPPY NEW YEARS!!!! - de Dinu Lazar la: 29/09/2005 00:48:14
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
Am primit o scrisoare emotionanta de la tatal faimosului zonezero... cita energie, cita maiestrie, cita dragoste pentru fotografie!
Uluitor!

Dear Friends,

Next week will be my 70th birthday, I feel very happy and more than privileged to have been able to share this adventure with you, of going from analog to digital during these past eleven years of our presence with ZoneZero.

I want to thank you for making this into such a world wide community of people who want to explore the potentials of what these technologies have had to offer us.

We have always endeavored to put content at the center of all that we have presented, while bringing all possible technologies to support such efforts.

Probably one of the more important things that have taken place from a technological point of view, is that all the viewers who visit us, have direct access to comment and establish a dialogue directly with the photographers showing their work here in ZoneZero.

I can not begin to tell you all the connections that have been created in the process, something that very few other publishing platforms can offer. Thus we are very confident that the internet has been a definite contribution to the world of photography.

We have seen nothing yet of all that the digital revolution has in store for us as band width expands and computers become increasingly more powerful and sophisiticated.

There are however some limitations, a handful of countries have blocked ZoneZero, as containing inappropiate material arguing that the people in their countries should not be allowed to see such images. We disagree with this censorship and find that it is up to the individuals to make up their own minds what they want to see or not, rather than have that decided upon by governments.

Of course we understand the diverse sensibilities across the cultural diversity that a site such as ours, which is world wide, has to contend with. But then we have nothing more to guide us than the integrity of the images and authors whose work we have presented. We hope that in the process of bringing such a diversity of work as can be seen in ZoneZero, we did not offended all that many people. Pleasing everyone is an impossible proposition when working with ideas and explorations.

In the process we have brought you the work of 1350 photographers. 70 countries are represented in this wide spectrum of photography. With over fifty million page views (yes!, you read correctly, 50,000,000) in these past twelve months, so you can rest assured that all this work has been seen all over the world, thus transforming many old paradigms of publishing, exhibiting and distributing photographs.

Your presence and participation in ZoneZero has been one of the greatest gifts you could have given us, so thank you! Let us hope that the next few decades are as exciting as the recent past.

Pedro Meyer
http://zonezero.com
#75401 (raspuns la: #75358) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
ce invatam din filme :) - de donquijote la: 02/02/2007 00:34:18
(la: PALAVRE DE CAFENEA (Trancaneala- editie speciala))
Due to my recent reintroduction to bachelorhood and a four month absence of a social life, I have started looking towards Hollywood for new ways of meeting women and getting them to like me. I've realized that the most important thing to do is to not have a legitimate well-paying job. This is an absolute no-no and will immediately get you cast as the villian. Also, shaving and wearing nice clothing are both big turn offs, as are full beards. Death threats or murder attempts will greatly increase your chances, as will musical talents.

Here are the things that Hollywood has taught me about how to pick up chicks:

1. Steal cars. Nothing "drives" a woman into "high gear" faster than a man who can use automobile terms in his sexual innuendo.
2. Carry a giant sword, kill thousands of British soldiers, and threaten to kill the woman's husband, the heir to the throne of England.
3. Replace your weak human skeleton with a cybernetic skeleton, travel back in time, and try to kill the woman. When that fails, travel back in time again except this time, protect her son from mercury poisoning.
4. Go to prison for five years and when you get out, rob her boyfriend's casino of one hundred sixty million dollars.
5. Do not have a job. Instead, travel along a river and play guitar. Also, grow your hair into a pony tail and have constant stubble. Having previously been an undercover cop in a high school helps.
6. Kill a New York police captain, run to Italy, find a girl walking down the street, then go tell her father that you want to marry her or you will kill him. When you are through with her, blow her up with a car bomb.
7. Carry a guitar case full of guns and kill every man you see. Apparently, when you are finished, she will have no choice but to be with you.
8. Sneak your way onto a giant boat, make up some bullshit about being able to fly, and then freeze to death in the arctic ocean.
9. Grab a friend, sing a song to a stranger, then follow her into the bathroom and offer to have sex with her on the sink. It also helps if you have previously been a pimp, race car driver, or spy.

and the absolute best way of picking up chicks...

10. If the woman's father doesn't like you, bring him to an orbiting asteroid, set a nuclear weapon, then take off before he can make it back to the ship.
un poet persan - de gabi la: 23/10/2003 02:04:13
(la: INTREBARE)
"Saadi lived about 1207- 1291. He was born in Shiraz. He travelled for about 30 years of his life. He died in his hometown; his tomb is in Shiraz...Saadi is one of the wittiest writers of modern or ancient times. The beauty of Saadi's style is that it is simple yet elegant..."

Nu l-am citit, insa daca seamana ca stil lui Omar Khayyam, m-as aventura...
#1916 (raspuns la: #1877) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Uite ce-ascult de cateva zile - de Alice la: 09/12/2003 01:42:25
(la: Cohen)
...sperand ca n-am innebunit de-a binelea ...

"Is this what you wanted?"( de pe Miscellaneous)


You were the promise at dawn,
I was the morning after.
You were Jesus Christ my Lord,
I was the money lender.
You were the sensitive woman,
I was the very reverend Freud.
You were the manual orgasm,
I was the dirty little boy.

And is this what you wanted
to live in a house that is haunted
by the ghost …of you and me?

Is this what you wanted ...

You were Marlon Brando,
I was Steve McQueen.
You were K.Y. Jelly,
I was Vaseline.
You were the father of modern medicine,
I was Mr. Clean.
You where the whore and the beast of Babylon,
I was Rin Tin Tin.

And is this what you wanted ...

And is this what you wanted ...

You got old and wrinkled,
I stayed seventeen.
You lusted after so many,
I lay here with one.
You defied your solitude,
I came through alone.
You said you could never love me,
I undid your gown.

And is this what you wanted ...

And is this what you wanted ...

I mean is this what you wanted ...

That's right, is this what you wanted!

Asa, citite, versurile n-au mare farmec ...dar sa-l auzi cum pronunta ...cum accentueaza silabele.
Daca l-ati auzi!!!

"I’m your man!" n-am auzit alta declaratie de dragoste!
Ba da, in "Dance me...", in "Thake this", in "Coming back to you", in "Ain’t no cure" ..."and when the hunger for your touch rises from the hunger ...you whisper "You have loved enough,
Now let me be the Lover."
STIU ca nu-i vorba doar de-atingere fizica! Nu va lasati pacaliti!
...eu sunt ceva abia atunci atunci cand Cohen canta!
Committee to Protect Journalists - de Dinu Lazar la: 06/05/2004 23:51:38
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
NEWS
Committee to Protect Journalists

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: MONDAY, MAY 3, AT 00:01 GMT (For Monday's Newspapers)

CPJ Names World's Worst Places to Be a Journalist

New York, April 30, 2004-The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) is marking World Press Freedom Day, Monday, May 3, by naming the World's Worst Places to Be a Journalist.
The list of 10 places represents the full range of current threats to press freedom.

At the top of the list is Iraq, where 25 journalists have died since the U.S.-led war began in March 2003. A brutal crackdown launched last year in Cuba by Fidel Castro's government has left an unprecedented 29 journalists behind bars, serving lengthy prison terms of up to 27 years. Last year saw the biggest blow to Zimbabwe's beleaguered press when authorities closed the country's only remaining independent daily. CPJ also placed Turkmenistan, Bangladesh, China, Eritrea, Haiti, the West Bank and Gaza, and Russia on the list of Worst Places to Be a Journalist.


"In all of these places, reporting the news is an act of courage and conviction," said CPJ Executive Director Ann Cooper. "Journalism is essential in helping all of us understand the events that shape our lives, and our need and desire for information cannot be eliminated by violence and repression."


WORLD'S WORST PLACES TO BE A JOURNALIST:

IRAQ

More than a year after the war in Iraq began, the country remains the most dangerous place in the world to work as a journalist. Twenty-five journalists have been killed in action in Iraq since March 2003. Twelve have been killed in 2004 alone-all of them Iraqis.

Postwar Iraq is fraught with risks for reporters: Banditry, gunfire, and bombings are common. Insurgents have added a new threat by systematically targeting foreigners, including journalists, and Iraqis who work for them.
At least six Iraqi media workers have been murdered, and several more have received threats. Armed groups have abducted some eight journalists in 2004, though all have been released.

U.S. forces pose an additional threat to working journalists: at least seven-and possibly as many as nine-journalists have been killed by gunfire from U.S. forces. Other journalists-mostly Arab or Iraqi-have been detained and suffered mistreatment at the hands of U.S. forces.

CUBA

The arrest and long-term imprisonment of 29 journalists in 2003 has decimated Cuba's fledgling independent press. A year after the government of President Fidel Castro Ruz launched a massive crackdown against the press and the political opposition, the imprisoned journalists and their families are harassed and exposed to humiliating prison conditions and psychological torture. They have denounced inadequate medical attention, have been placed in solitary confinement, and have complained about receiving foul-smelling and rotten food. The journalists, who are held in maximum-security facilities, went on hunger strikes several times to demand better conditions. Those journalists who were not imprisoned continue to face routine police intimidation and harassment and are careful about what they write. They say they have been visited by state security officials and issued warnings to stop writing or face the consequences.

ZIMBABWE

For the last four years, Zimbabwe's government has pursued a relentless crackdown on the private press through harassment, censorship, and restrictive legislation. Last year saw the biggest blow to press freedom yet, with authorities closing the Daily News, Zimbabwe's only independent daily and the country's most popular paper. The country's Media and Information Commission (MIC), whose board is government-appointed, refused to register the newspaper despite two court orders to do so. And in February 2004, the Zimbabwean Supreme Court upheld legislation requiring journalists and media outlets to be licensed by the MIC, making it a criminal act to practice journalism without government approval. Those who fail to register face fines and up to two years' imprisonment.

Zimbabwean officials have proven particularly sensitive to coverage of political unrest and the country's severe economic problems. Journalists who reported on pro-democracy rallies were arrested by police and attacked by ruling party supporters. Last year, authorities deported the last foreign reporter based in Zimbabwe, the U.K. Guardian's Andrew Meldrum, whom officials called an "undesirable inhabitant."

TURKMENISTAN

Because political dissent is not tolerated by Turkmenistan's totalitarian regime, independent journalism is practically non-existent.
President-for-life and self-proclaimed "father of all Turkmen,"
Saparmurat
Niyazov, maintains strict control over all newspapers, radio, and television stations by personally appointing editors, and his office approves news reports before they are published or broadcast.

One of the only independent media outlets that penetrates this system of control is the reporting broadcast from abroad by the Turkmen service of the U.S. government-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL). And again this year, RFE/RL was subjected to intense official harassment. In September 2003, National Security Service (MNB) agents detained an RFE/RL stringer based in the capital, Ashgabat, for two days, threatened him with 20 years in prison for betraying his country, and injected him multiple times with an unknown substance. More recently, in February 2004, MNB agents arrested two RFE/RL freelancers after one smuggled 800 copies of his banned novel into Turkmenistan. Both were released from prison in March after CPJ and other press freedom groups protested. However, the journalists still face charges of slander and instigating social, ethnic, and religious hatred and have been pressured to sever all ties with RFE/RL.


BANGLADESH

Crime, corruption, and lawlessness make Bangladesh the most violent country for journalists in Asia. Reporters routinely face threats, harassment, and often brutally violent physical attacks in retaliation for their reporting.
Despite promises from government officials to apprehend those responsible for assaults, the majority of attacks on journalists go unpunished. Deep political divisions in the country and within the journalism community also contribute to the climate of fear.

CPJ has documented dozens of violent attacks against Bangladeshi journalists during the last decade, including the murders of seven journalists in the last eight years. Journalists working outside the capital, Dhaka, are particularly vulnerable. Veteran journalist Manik Saha was killed in January
2004 in the southwestern city of Khulna when unidentified assailants threw a homemade bomb at him. In December 2003, a group of thugs affiliated with the ruling Bangladesh Nationalist Party tried to kill Shafiul Haque Mithu in the southwestern town of Pirojpur after he wrote a series of articles exposing local officials' abuse of power.

CHINA

During the last year, the newly installed government of President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao has escalated an assault on the burgeoning independent-minded media in China. Authorities have arrested high-profile editors, closed publications, and imposed news blackouts on politically sensitive events.

The crackdown reached an apex in early 2004, when officials arrested three popular and respected editors from the pioneering Southern Metropolis News for alleged corruption. The charges came after the paper published a series of reports on the resurgence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, local police violence, and other sensitive topics. Chinese journalists have called the arrests the "darkest moment" in 20 years of media reform in China.

Forty-one journalists are now imprisoned in China, making it the world's leading jailer of journalists for the fifth year in a row. Independent writers and commentators on the Internet are particularly targeted for prosecution. The arrest of prominent and outspoken commentator Du Daobin in late 2003 sent a clear message to all Internet writers that free expression online will not be tolerated.

ERITREA

Eritrea has been Africa's foremost jailer of journalists since September 2001, when the government banned the entire private press and detained independent reporters. Seventeen journalists are now in secret jails across the tiny Red Sea nation, almost all of them held incommunicado. President Isaias Afewerki and top government officials have accused independent journalists of espionage, spreading disinformation, and "endangering national unity." Authorities continue to insist that the private press also operated without proper licenses, and that independent journalists routinely evaded the compulsory National Service Program. Despite these allegations, no formal charges have been brought against any of the journalists, and the government has given no indication that it intends to prosecute them.

The ruling party has a firm grip on the state media, whose employees are censored and also practice self-censorship. Afewerki has been unfazed by persistent international denunciation of his human rights record and continues to dismiss foreign critics as enemies of Eritrea.


HAITI

Press freedom conditions have seriously deteriorated in Haiti since September 2003, when the murder of a notorious gang leader sparked nationwide violence. From January to March 2004, journalists became targets during the uprising that led to the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide on February 29. While hostility against Haitian journalists is common, foreign correspondents were also attacked while covering the two-month rebellion. In March, a Spanish television correspondent was killed and a U.S. photographer was wounded by gunfire. Several radio stations were torched around the country. Investigations into the 2000 and 2001 murders of two prominent Haitian journalists have shown no progress. The Haitian judicial system's failure to prosecute these crimes has perpetuated a climate of impunity, forcing dozens of journalists to go into exile or seek political asylum.

THE WEST BANK AND GAZA

The West Bank and Gaza Strip remains one of the most unpredictable and potentially dangerous assignments for journalists. At least three journalists have been killed there since April 2003-each by Israeli army gunfire. Israeli troops often harass or attack Palestinian journalists, and Israeli authorities enforce tough restrictions on their freedom of movement.
Palestinian journalists are vulnerable to the increasing lawlessness in the Occupied Territories.

Palestinian militias and armed groups have frequently threatened and assaulted reporters and in some cases have ransacked news offices. In 2003 and 2004, Palestinian gunmen raided two television news offices and a newspaper in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, attacked a correspondent on the street in Gaza, and assaulted a reporter in Ramallah.

RUSSIA

President Vladimir Putin's "managed democracy," which includes using various branches of the state bureaucracy to rein in the independent media, is making the practice of independent journalism in Russia more and more tenuous. A shift from blatant pressures to more subtle and covert tactics, such as politicized lawsuits and hostile corporate takeovers by businessmen with close ties to Putin, has allowed the Kremlin to stifle criticism of the president and reports on government corruption and human rights abuses committed by Russian forces in Chechnya.

In advance of the December 2003 parliamentary elections and March 2004 presidential elections, the Kremlin tightened its legal and bureaucratic controls over the domestic press. Russian press groups criticized the Central Election Commission for failing to sanction the state-run national television channels for improperly promoting Putin and pro-Kremlin parties during the campaigns.

Journalists in Russia's provinces continue to be murdered with impunity.
In
October 2003, the editor-in-chief of an independent newspaper in the Volga River city of Togliatti was stabbed to death because of his paper's coverage of organized crime and government corruption. He was the paper's second editor-in-chief to be murdered in 18 months.

The Committee to Protect Journalists is a non-partisan, nonprofit organization dedicated to defending press freedom worldwide.




"The only death you die is the one you die daily by not living. Dream big and dare to fail." - Norman Vaughn

Sallie Dean Shatz
sallie@sopris.net
970 923 6757 h
970 948 2901 cell
#15072 (raspuns la: #15037) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Conventia Republicanilor si ce zice un Democrat - de LMC la: 02/09/2004 19:40:00
(la: Despre Alegerile din S.U.A.: De ce trebuie sa votam pt. GWB.)
Sint inflacarata si imes de mindra de conventia Republicanilor. Totodata imi pare bine ca printre Democrati mai exista oameni ca Zell Miller care poate face discernamintul intre bine si rau. Puterea cuvintelor lui din speech-ul de aseara puteti sa le cititi mai jos. Imi pare rau ca nu este tradus in Romaneste, ar putea politicienii din Romania sa invete ceva.

********************************
Senator Zell Miller

Since I last stood in this spot, a whole new generation of the Miller Family has been born: Four great grandchildren.

Along with all the other members of our close-knit family -- they are my and Shirley's most precious possessions.

And I know that's how you feel about your family also.

Like you, I think of their future, the promises and the perils they will face.

Like you, I believe that the next four years will determine what kind of world they will grow up in.

And like you, I ask which leader is it today that has the vision, the willpower and, yes, the backbone to best protect my family?

The clear answer to that question has placed me in this hall with you tonight. For my family is more important than my party.

There is but one man to whom I am willing to entrust their future and that man's name is

George Bush.

In the summer of 1940, I was an eight-year-old boy living in a remote little Appalachian valley.

Our country was not yet at war but even we children knew that there were some crazy men across the ocean who would kill us if they could.

President Roosevelt, in his speech that summer, told America "all private plans, all private lives, have been in a sense repealed by an overriding public danger."

In 1940 Wendell Wilkie was the Republican nominee.

And there is no better example of someone repealing their "private plans" than this good man.

He gave Roosevelt the critical support he needed for a peacetime draft, an unpopular idea at the time.

And he made it clear that he would rather lose the election than make national security a partisan campaign issue.

Shortly before Wilkie died he told a friend, that if he could write his own epitaph and had to choose between "here lies a president" or "here lies one who contributed to saving freedom", he would prefer the latter.

Where are such statesmen today?

Where is the bi-partisanship in this country when we need it most?

Now, while young Americans are dying in the sands of Iraq and the mountains of Afghanistan, our nation is being torn apart and made weaker because of the Democrat's manic obsession to bring down our Commander-in-Chief.

What has happened to the party I've spent my life working in?

I can remember when Democrats believed that it was the duty of America to fight for freedom over tyranny.

It was Democratic President Harry Truman who pushed the Red Army out of Iran, who came to the aid of Greece when Communists threatened to overthrow it, who stared down the Soviet blockade of West Berlin by flying in supplies and saving the city.

Time after time in our history, in the face of great danger, Democrats and Republicans worked together to ensure that freedom would not falter. But not today.

Motivated more by partisan politics than by national security, today's Democratic leaders see America as an occupier, not a liberator.

And nothing makes this Marine madder than someone calling American troops occupiers rather than liberators.

Tell that to the one-half of Europe that was freed because Franklin Roosevelt led an army of liberators, not occupiers.

Tell that to the lower half of the Korean Peninsula that is free because Dwight Eisenhower commanded an army of liberators, not occupiers.

Tell that to the half a billion men, women and children who are free today from the Baltics to the Crimea, from Poland to Siberia, because Ronald Reagan rebuilt a military of liberators, not occupiers.

Never in the history of the world has any soldier sacrificed more for the freedom and liberty of total strangers than the American soldier. And, our soldiers don't just give freedom abroad, they preserve it for us here at home.

For it has been said so truthfully that it is the soldier, not the reporter, who has given us the freedom of the press.

It is the soldier, not the poet, who has given us freedom of speech. It is the soldier, not the agitator, who has given us the freedom to protest.

It is the soldier who salutes the flag, serves beneath the flag, whose coffin is draped by the flag who gives that protester the freedom to abuse and burn that flag.

No one should dare to even think about being the Commander in Chief of this country if he doesn't believe with all his heart that our soldiers are liberators abroad and defenders of freedom at home.

But don't waste your breath telling that to the leaders of my party today. In their warped way of thinking America is the problem, not the solution.

They don't believe there is any real danger in the world except that which America brings upon itself through our clumsy and misguided foreign policy.

It is not their patriotism - it is their judgment that has been so sorely lacking. They claimed Carter's pacifism would lead to peace.

They were wrong.

They claimed Reagan's defense buildup would lead to war.

They were wrong.

And, no pair has been more wrong, more loudly, more often than the two Senators from Massachusetts, Ted Kennedy and John Kerry.

Together, Kennedy/Kerry have opposed the very weapons system that won the Cold War and that is now winning the War on Terror.

Listing all the weapon systems that Senator Kerry tried his best to shut down sounds like an auctioneer selling off our national security but Americans need to know the facts.

The B-1 bomber, that Senator Kerry opposed, dropped 40% of the bombs in the first six months of Operation Enduring Freedom.

The B-2 bomber, that Senator Kerry opposed, delivered air strikes against the Taliban in Afghanistan and Hussein's command post in Iraq.

The F-14A Tomcats, that Senator Kerry opposed, shot down Khadifi's Libyan MIGs over the Gulf of Sidra. The modernized F-14D, that Senator Kerry opposed, delivered missile strikes against Tora Bora.

The Apache helicopter, that Senator Kerry opposed, took out those Republican Guard tanks in Kuwait in the Gulf War. The F-15 Eagles, that Senator Kerry opposed, flew cover over our Nation's Capital and this very city after 9/11.

I could go on and on and on: Against the Patriot Missile that shot down Saddam Hussein's scud missiles over Israel, Against the Aegis air-defense cruiser, Against the Strategic Defense Initiative, Against the Trident missile, against, against, against.

This is the man who wants to be the Commander in Chief of our U.S. Armed Forces?

U.S. forces armed with what? Spitballs?

Twenty years of votes can tell you much more about a man than twenty weeks of campaign rhetoric.

Campaign talk tells people who you want them to think you are. How you vote tells people who you really are deep inside.

Senator Kerry has made it clear that he would use military force only if approved by the United Nations.

Kerry would let Paris decide when America needs defending. I want Bush to decide.

John Kerry, who says he doesn't like outsourcing, wants to outsource our national security.

That's the most dangerous outsourcing of all. This politician wants to be leader of the free world.

Free for how long?

For more than twenty years, on every one of the great issues of freedom and security, John Kerry has been more wrong, more weak and more wobbly than any other national figure. As a war protestor, Kerry blamed our military.

As a Senator, he voted to weaken our military. And nothing shows that more sadly and more clearly than his vote this year to deny protective armor for our troops in harms way, far-away.

George Bush understands that we need new strategies to meet new threats.

John Kerry wants to re-fight yesterday's war. George Bush believes we have to fight today's war and be ready for tomorrow's challenges. George Bush is committed to providing the kind of forces it takes to root out terrorists.

No matter what spider hole they may hide in or what rock they crawl under.

George Bush wants to grab terrorists by the throat and not let them go to get a better grip.

From John Kerry, they get a "yes-no-maybe" bowl of mush that can only encourage our enemies and confuse our friends.

I first got to know George Bush when we served as governors together. I admire this man.

I am moved by the respect he shows the First Lady, his unabashed love for his parents and his daughters, and the fact that he is unashamed of his belief that God is not indifferent to America.

I can identify with someone who has lived that line in "Amazing Grace," "Was blind, but now I see," and I like the fact that he's the same man on Saturday night that he is on Sunday morning.

He is not a slick talker but he is a straight shooter and, where I come from, deeds mean a lot more than words.

I have knocked on the door of this man's soul and found someone home, a God-fearing man with a good heart and a spine of tempered steel.

The man I trust to protect my most precious possession: my family.

This election will change forever the course of history, and that's not any history. It's our family's history.

The only question is how. The answer lies with each of us. And, like many generations before us, we've got some hard choosing to do.

Right now the world just cannot afford an indecisive America. Fainthearted, self-indulgence will put at risk all we care about in this world.

In this hour of danger our President has had the courage to stand up. And this Democrat is proud to stand up with him.

Thank you.

God Bless this great country and God Bless George W. Bush.
********************************************
Leica sau Leika? - de Dinu Lazar la: 22/09/2004 23:47:38
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
Cam multa lume in Ro confunda catzelusha sacrificata de rusi si facuta cosmonauta in anii `50 cu aparatul foto...

Dear Leica friends,

Today we would like to inform you about:

__Premiere at the photokina: Leica Camera AG stages photo
exhibition »24 x 36« to mark 50th anniversary of
Leica rangefinder system
__Naturblick magazine and Leica Camera AG raffle 100 signed
copies of nature photographer Franz Bagyi's new book _At the photokina: “Weitblick“ – the flying display of birds
of prey with free testing of Leica binoculars and scopes _Your opinion counts! Win a LEICA DIGILUX 2 _Don’t miss LFI 07/2004! Available from September 29


__Premiere at the photokina: Leica Camera AG stages photo
exhibition »24 x 36« to mark 50th anniversary of
Leica rangefinder system

Leica Camera AG, Solms, is showing outstanding pictures of young Leica M photographers at the photokina in Cologne from 28th September to 3rd October 2004. The title of this exhibition, »24 x 36«, alludes to the central importance of the ideal format for 35mm camera film found by Oskar Barnack. The exhibition has been especially organized for this year's photokina, where it will be on view to an international public for the first time. The presentation at the photokina is the start of an exhibition tour. The next stop is the Leica Gallery in Frankfurt, where the photos will be shown for four weeks starting 9th October 2004. The idea behind the exhibition is to mark the three anniversaries of the Leica rangefinder system that the Solms company is celebrating this year: In 1879, 125 years ago, Oskar Barnack, the ingenious inventor of the Leica, was born. 90 years ago, in 1914, he created the basis for his revolutionary camera concept with the Ur-Leica. And in1954, fifty years ago, Ernst Leitz launched the first rangefinder camera, the LEICA M3, on the market.

Further information on the Leica M System http://www.leica-camera.com/produkte/msystem/index_e.html


__Naturblick magazine and Leica Camera AG raffle 100 signed
copies of nature photographer Franz Bagyi's new book

On October 3rd, 2004, the last day of the photokina fair, the magazine Naturblick and Leica Camera AG will be raffling a total of 100 copies of the book ‚Verborgene Blicke’ – Ungewöhnliche Wege der Naturfotografie’ at the Leica booth (hall 2.2). The author, the well-known Leica photographer Franz Bagyi, will be at the Leica booth to sign them. Anyone donating at least five euros to the nature conservation project “Büngernsche/Dingdener Heide“ between September 28th and October 3rd, 2004 will automatically take part in the prize draw. Entry cards are available at the Sport Optics section of the Leica booth.

Further information on the Leica R-System http://www.leica-camera.com/produkte/rsystem/index_e.html


__At the photokina: “Weitblick“ – the flying display of birds
of prey with free testing of Leica binoculars and scopes

The “Weitblick“ promotion offered for the first time at this year's photokina is an extra special event for nature lovers and birdwatchers. Every day from September 28th to October 3rd 2004, birdwatchers and nature lovers will have the opportunity to watch the flying display of the birds of prey of the game preserve Hellenthal from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. Visitors interested in watching the flying skills of a total of seven kinds of birds of prey (including eagles, vultures and various types of falcon) in more detail on a specially erected outside stage on the banks of the river Rhine can borrow Leica high-end binoculars and scopes free of charge. The flying display will be conducted under the expert control of a trained falconer at a distance of about 80 meters from the stage. The stage is on the Kennedy bank only a few steps from the main entrance to the Cologne fair. At the photokina weekend, the platform on the banks of the Rhine is open to the general public as well.

Further information on the Leica binoculars and spotting scopes http://www.leica-camera.com/sportoptik/produkte/index_e.html


__Your opinion counts! Win a LEICA DIGILUX 2

Participate in our online questionnaire regarding the Leica
Products and win a LEICA DIGILUX 2. The questionnaire is
available at
http://survey2.testraum.de/IntWeb.dll?IMODE=2&PROJECT=LEICA.LEICA-SITE.
The interview takes about 5 minutes of your time. All information
will of course be handled strictly confidential. Every participant
in the survey will take part in a raffle of the LEICA DIGILUX 2.
Good luck!

Further information on the LEICA DIGILUX 2
http://www.leica-camera.com/digitalekameras/digilux2/index_e.html


__Don’t miss LFI 07 / 2004! Available from September 29

Fresh samples with Digital Module R: Introducing the digital
back for the Leica R – LFI 07 / 2004 presents the new
product and pictures. After having publicised early samples
in LFI 06 / 2004, LFI now reveals a sequence of new test
images from one of the last pre-serial models. They confirm
that Leica will be living up to high expectations.

50 years of Leica M: Where’s the rangefinder system at
after half a century? Why the fascination? LFI takes a walk
down memory lane and points out the highlights and
particularities from 50 years of Leica M production. Also
illustrated, how Leica managed to transfer the principle of
precision manufacture to the present day.

M à la Carte: Flamboyant or inconspicuous, elaborate or
plain – launching November 1, M7 or MP customers will
have nearly 4000 component combinations at their disposal
and thus be able to select the preferred attributes for their
personal M. LFI speak with Jean-Jacques Viau, marketing
manager of the business unit Photo at Leica, on the story
behind the new project and how the offer is best taken
advantage of.

Portfolios: Dr Erich Salomon Prize for a life’s work: an
homage to the great photographer, Will McBride, whose
close personal relationships with his subjects manifested as
the central theme of his work. Oskar Barnack Prize 2004:
only 10 photographers made it into the jury’s shortlist. LFI
presents their work

Crystal screen technology: LFI is one of the world's first
magazines to adopt crystal screen printing technology. An
advantage for our readers is that photos can now be
reproduced in magazine print without a trace of the print
screen. LFI sets a new standard in the field of photography
magazines and thus creates truly ideal conditions for the
presentation of Leica photography.

Also, note our new book offer at LFI’s online book shop:
www.lfi-online.de/shop

Further information on the latest issue at:
http://www.leica-camera.com/markt/magazine/lfi/index_e.html

Subscribe now and receive two issues of LFI for free!
Order your personal one-year subscription at the regular
price of eight issues of LEICA FOTOGRAFIE
INTERNATIONAL for 60 euros/72 US-dollars (delivery
included). With our 2004 start-up initiative you get two
additional consecutive issues for free – pay for 8, receive
10! Subscribe online at www.lfi-online.com


With best regards,
Leica Camera AG
Corporate Communications
http://www.leica-camera.com/
#23104 (raspuns la: #22949) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Business plan - de Horia D la: 18/01/2005 22:07:50
(la: Cum se intocmeste un plan de afaceri?)
Uite planul folosit de mine. daca vrei amanunte, da-mi adresa de e-mail.


I. Executive Summary
A. One sentence explanation of the enterprise
B. Define the market opportunity
C. Simple definition of the product or service
D. Identify and briefly qualify the CEO/management team
E. Financial summary
F. Revenue, Gross Margin, SO&A, EBIT, EBT
G. Sources and Uses of financing

II. Market Summary
A. Define the overall market and your segment
B. History and development of the market
C. Size -- total market and your segment
D. Growth rates -- historical and projected
E. Customers -- definition and target
1. Explanation of purchase decision
2. Segmentation
3. Price assumptions
4. Value Analysis
a) Break Even
b) Value Proposition
F. Competition -- identify the top five or ten competitors
1. Size/relative position
2. Management and ownership
3. Market share overall and by segment
4. Strengths and weaknesses
5. Overall competitive threat
G. Trends -- what is occurring in the industry today
H. Needs -- what needs to occur in the industry

III. Marketing and Distribution
A. Marketing strategy -- define the company's marketing objectives and execution plans
B. Channels -- define the company's distribution system
1. What are its strengths and weaknesses
2. Who else competes in the company's channels
C. Pricing -- define the company's pricing policies
D. Promotion -- how will the company communicate and promote itself and its products
E. Geographic penetration -- where will the company focus its efforts
F. Service and Support -- to what extent and how will it be delivered
G. Priorities -- how does the company choose its marketing priorities
H. Sales
1. How is the company's sales effort structured
2. Direct sales force
3. Outside sales representatives
4. Direct marketing
5. House accounts
6. How does the company source prospects and identify decision makers
7. How does the company set its sales priorities and sales budgets
8. What are the company's sales efficiencies and conversion rates
9. What is the company's sales incentive and/or commission structure
I. Identify the company's top ten customers along with $ sales and % of sales

IV. Company History and Operations
A. Definition of the business in which the company operates
B. Founding
C. Development of the business over time
D. The company today -- its distinctive competence
E. Product/Service offerings
F. Competitive advantages and disadvantages

V. Management
A. CEO's background and qualifications
B. Other management team's background and qualifications
C. Planned additional management including job descriptions and qualifications
D. Organization Chart
E. Board of Directors
F. Management compensation and incentives
G. Employee career paths
H. Ownership chart -- now and post financing "Reserved for future issuance"

VI. Production/Operations
A. How product/service is produced
B. Production advantages/disadvantages vs. competition
C. Standard costs at present and future volume levels
D. Opportunities for improvement
E. Present capacity and future expansion plans

VII. Growth Opportunities
A. Define the company's growth options
B. New product development
C. Expanding existing product/service sales
D. Acquisitions
E. Geographic expansion
F. How will the company set its growth priorities

VIII. Capital Needs and Liquidity
A. What are the company's capital funding needs over the next two years
B. How will the funds be used
C. How does the company plan to raise debt and equity capital
D. Structure of offer to investors
E. What are the company's options for providing investors with liquidity
F. What value is expected to be created at the end of each of the next five years

IX. Financial Information
A. Historical Financial Statements
1. Last year's audited statement
2. Summary of previous years
3. Most recent internal statement
B. Current year Budget
C. Projected Financial Statements
1. Monthly income statement, balance sheet and cash flow in first year
2. Annual income statements, balance sheets and cash flow for five years
D. Financial Covenants for five years with assumptions if leveraged
E. If unprofitable, clearly define the breakeven point and when it will occur

X. Appendix
A. Marketing brochures and other product/service information
B. Third party market studies
C. Trade journal articles on the company, the industry and competitors
D. Supplementary financial information
E. Supplementary legal information
F. References


The things that come to those who wait are what's left behind by those
who got there first.
acum ai faci daci-romani de unde pana unde - de makedon la: 19/01/2005 02:21:54
(la: Aromanii, macedo-romanii, megleno-romanii, istro-romanii)
dar ce treaba au armanji cu daci-romani nu inteleg si nici istoria nu o intelege,si cand spui :in cazul aromanei din greaca, albaneza si macedoneana, intrate in limba dupa anul 1400.la macedoneana la ce te referi ,sa nu-mi spui la scopia ca nu exista,slavi au coborat foarte tarziu aici din nord,la aromanei din greaca>e aceeasi aromana,doar ca in grecia au ramas cuvintele vechi originale la care tineretul din romania nu le cunoaste doar batranii stiu de ele.si stii foarte bine de unde provine cuvantul a-roman a-romana(This world derives from the "Romanus lives" and it is related to the decree of Karakala (Edictum Antonianium), 212 A.D. According to this decree, the right of the Roman citizen was passed on to all the residents of the whole Roman province. pana atunci era macedona(nu slavii)dupa aceea le spunea makedo-romana din veria si macedonia care este la scopie.si cuvantul Vlahs (Armani)sa auzit pentru prima oara in anii 976 A.D. de la Kedrinos
in Castoria si Veria,the Latin speakers of South Balkans are called with other names too, (Farsiarotes, Tsipani, Miglianiats=Moglenites, Grammoustiani, Mouzikiari or Tsimoureani, Sarmaniotes etc.)

In the 18th century, under specific circumstances like the fall of the empire, successive tension of pashas, Orlophika, internal conflicts, big cities of Vlahs (Armani) like Moshopoli, Nikolitsa, Linotopi, Grammousta and many more were totally destroyed and the inhabitants were scattered towards every direction: Vienna, Budapest, Belgrad, Boukourest, Thessaloniki, Veria, Naousa, Serres, Philippoupoli, Konstantinopolis etc.

Cu tuti câ armânamea shi-azburashti limba tu Peninsula Balcanicâ di pisti 2000 di anji
shi cu tuti câ tricurâ 170 di anji di cându anvitsatlu armânu M.Boiagi adra reguli (normi)
buni trâ scriarea a limbâljei a noastri makedo-latini, noi nu avemu unâ ortografii unitarâ
di cari s-tsânâ tuts atselji tsi angrapsescu armâneashti.

The wallachian language is an autonomous neolatin language, which was already created in the 6th century AD. The phrase (Torna-torna frater) preserved by the byzantine columnist Thephylactus Simocatis (7th AD) is considered to be the first written evidence.

Nowadays scientific research has given an answer to the birth of the makedo-romana language. The formal language of the eastern Roman State called Byzantium many centuries ago, up to the years of "Iraklios" (at the beginning of the 7th century AD), was the Latin language.

After "the first Romanian period" of the neolatin languages (derived from the folk Latin language of Balkans Latinum Balkanicum) four neolatin languages (the makedo-romana and the Moglenitiki in the axis of Egnatia and Istroroumaniki and Dakoroumaniki in the axis of Dounabe). In an exactly similar way the modern neolatin languages (Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese) derived from the western neolatin language. In this way, we can explain the similarities among the makedo-romana, the previously mentioned European languages and simultaneously with the corresponding neolatin languages of the Balkans.
The first written signs of the makedo-romana language have their roots in the mid of the 18th century and they are mainly inscriptions of the Greek alphabet and texts, by scholars and lexicographers who used Greek and Latin alphabet.

The first grammar of the makedo-romana language of M.Boyiatzi, was printed in 1813 in Vienna. This grammar proposes the Latin alphabet so that the language would acquire a literate form. This was also previously supported by other "daughters" of the Latin language. In the recent makedo-romana grammar of academic N.Katsani-K.Ntina (Thessaloniki 1990), the makedo-romana language was written in Latin letters completed with letters from the Greek alphabet.

The choice of the alphabet of course even today, is not very simple as there are many parameters (historical, religious, cultural, political) that must be taken into account. However, an unbiased and without expediency approach to science cannot deny that a neolatin language like the makedo-romana one, can be written more efficiently in the Latin alphabet.

O, vreamu, lea Armâname, shi lai soari,
S-aurlu cu boatsi pâlmunjiljii sâ-nji creapâ
S-cutreamburâ Balcanlu, tutu, câtu-i mari
Ta s-avdâ shi stealili, sh-Luna aleaptâ,
Câ di-adzâ shi-nclo va s-aibâ nâ soru
Ma musheatâ dicâtu eali sh-ma undzitâ
Sh-cu boatsi di câmbanâ tsi-arupi nioru
Sh-va s-hibâ tu lumi ma vrutâ sh-hârsitâ,
Ghini mâtritâ – ca featâ hâidipsitâ,
Ncârcatâ di flurii, tu sirnji-nviscutâ,
Cu crutsi pi frâmti sh-pi fatsâ undzitâ
Cu budzâli dultsi – cânticu eta tutâ.
O, voi, lea Armâname, vrutlu neamu a meu
S-tsâ spunu cu cânticu, cu boatsea câmbanâ,
Armânamea nu cheari. Lumea sâ shtibâ!
Di s-aminta, sh-va s-aibâ lungâ banâ!
Sh-va s-armânâ ti eti shi va s-lutseascâ
Ca Soarli tu dzuâ sirinâ
Sh-va hibâ ti soia armâneascâ
Ma dultsi di njiarea di-alghinâ.
Armânamea nu cheari. Lumea sâ shtibâ!

#33750 (raspuns la: #33692) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
true story - good one too - de Horia D la: 20/04/2005 21:06:57
(la: Trancaneala Aristocrata "2")
At the 1994 annual awards dinner given for Forensic Science, AAFS

President Dr. Don Harper Mills astounded his audience with the
legal complications of a bizarre death.

Here is the story:

On March 23, 1994 the medical examiner viewed the body of Ronald
Opus and concluded that he died from a shotgun wound to the
head. Mr. Opus had jumped from the top of a ten-story building
intending to commit suicide. He left a note to the effect
indicating his despondency.

As he fell past the ninth floor his life was interrupted by a
shotgun blast passing through a window, which killed him
instantly.

Neither the shooter nor the deceased was aware that a safety net
had been installed just below the eighth floor level to protect
some building workers and that Ronald Opus would not have been
able to complete his suicide the way he had planned.

"Ordinarily," Dr Mills continued, "Someone who sets out to commit
suicide and ultimately succeeds, even though the mechanism might
not be what he intended, is still defined as committing
suicide." That Mr. Opus was shot on the way to certain death,
but probably would not have been successful because of the safety
net, caused the medical examiner to feel that he had a homicide on
his hands.

In the room on the ninth floor, where the shotgun blast
emanated, was occupied by an elderly man and his wife. They were
arguing vigorously and he was threatening her with a shotgun. The
man was so upset that when he pulled the trigger he completely missed
his wife and the pellets went through the window striking Mr. Opus.

When one intends to kill subject 'A' but kills subject 'B' in
the attempt, one is guilty of the murder of subject 'B'.

When confronted with the murder charge the old man and his wife
were both adamant and both said that they thought the shotgun
was not loaded. The old man said it was a long-standing habit to
threaten his wife with the unloaded shotgun. He had no intention
to murder her.

Therefore the killing of Mr. Opus appeared to be an accident;
that is, assuming the gun had been accidentally loaded.

The continuing investigation turned up a witness who saw the old
couple's son loading the shotgun about six weeks prior to the
fatal accident.

It transpired that the old lady had cut off her son's financial
support and the son, knowing the propensity of his father to use
the shotgun threateningly, loaded the gun with the expectation
that his father would shoot his mother.

Since the loader of the gun was aware of this, he was guilty of
the murder even though he didn't actually pull the trigger. The
case now becomes one of murder on the part of the son for the
death of Ronald Opus.

Now comes the exquisite twist.

Further investigation revealed that the son was, in fact, Ronald
Opus. He had become increasingly despondent over the failure of
his attempt to engineer his mother's murder. This led him to
jump off the ten-story building on March 23rd, only to be killed
by a shotgun blast passing through the ninth story window. The son
had actually murdered himself so the medical examiner closed the
case as a suicide.

A true story from Associated Press, Reported by Kurt Westervelt
scuzele pentru ortografie nu-s destule - de Dan Manoliu la: 23/06/2005 21:42:41
(la: "Ce bine e sa fi desptept si in acelasi timp si roman")
? 1827 - Petrache Poenaru, membru al Academiei Romane si unul dintre organizatorii învatamântului national inventeaza predecesorul stiloului modern: ?condei portaret, fara sfârsit, alimentându?se singur cu cerneala?
Homer had a long lasting writing pen made of reed.
Da Vinci drew improvements ..
Etc…

? 1858 - Bucuresti - primul oras din lume iluminat cu petrol si prima rafinare a petrolului.
Romans had full streets in Rome lighted with torches and with heated sidewalks so that Roman ladies feet do not freeze …
Baltimore in 1816 was the first city to light its streets with gas. ...
Soon much of America, as well as other countries were lighted by gas
First oil refining was done in Ploiesti (not Bucuresti) by Enhlish engineers 1n 1856 … at the time when America found its first oil field … We were ahead here!!!

? 1880 - Dumitru Vasescu - construieste automobilul cu motor cu aburi.
In 1769, the very first self-propelled road vehicle was a military tractor invented by French engineer and mechanic, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (1725 - 1804). Cugnot used a steam engine to power his vehicle, built under his instructions at the Paris Arsenal by mechanic Brezin. It was used by the French Army to haul artillery at a whopping speed of 2 1/2 mph on only three wheels. The vehicle had to stop every ten to fifteen minutes to build up steam power. The steam engine and boiler were separate from the rest of the vehicle and placed in the front (see engraving above). The following year (1770), Cugnot built a steam-powered tricycle that carried four passengers.

? 1881 Alexandru Ciurcu - obtine un brevet din Franta prin care prevede posibilitatea zborului cu reactie.
The earliest rockets were almost certainly Chinese—there is little doubt that the Chinese first developed “black powder,” the basic propellant used in rockets. The combination of salt-peter, charcoal, and sulphur was probably used in fireworks by the Chinese centuries before Christ lived, but the only written records available are dated well into the Middle Ages.
Mongols besieging the city of Kaifeng in 1232 used arrows propelled by rockets (though primarily as a psychological weapon).
Knowledge about rocketry seems to have moved with the Mongol invasions—the Arabs are seen as having developed rockets by the thirteenth century and are reported as having used them against Saint Louis in the Seventh Crusade; the Italians were experimenting with rockets by the fifteenth century. A major refinement in the formula for black powder was made in the thirteenth century by Roger Bacon; this resulted in the creation of gunpowder.
All of those people dreamt of sending people to the moon on the tail of a rocket … Even Cyrano de Bergerac (the real one) did that in a poem …
Conrad Hass (1551-1579), German, an artillery engineer and chief of arsenal of the town of Sibiu. Hass wrote about the construction and the flight tests of multistage rockets, apparently the earliest writings in existence about the science of rocket engineering. How about that???


? 1885 Victor Babes - realizeaza primul tratat de bacteriologie din lume.
May be correct partially… but Pasteur discovered every single entry from the Babes book…see below. I included some additional date for comparison and scale … The Babes Treaty is a list of the following discoveries … And Pasteur is one of many …
1839: Departure to the Royal College of Besançon 1840: Successful candidate for the literature baccalauréat in Besançon. Maître d'études at the College of Besançon 1842: Successful candidate for the mathematical sciences baccalauréat in Dijon 1843: Accepted at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris 1845: Bachelor of Science 1846: Appointed physics professor at the Tournon high school (Ardèche), but stays on at the Ecole Normale Supérieure as a qualified demonstrator. Study of crystals 1847: Doctor of Science 1848: Appointed physics professor at the Dijon high school. Appointed substitute chemistry professor at the science university of Strasbourg.
Research on dimorphism. Historic paper on the distinction between sodium ammonium paratartrate and tartrate. 1849: Pasteur's wedding with Miss Marie Laurent, daughter of the Strasbourg University rector.
Research on the specific properties of the two acids that make up racemic acid. 1851: Paper by Pasteur on aspartic and malic acids. 1852: New research on relationships that can exist between crystalline forms, chemical composition and the direction of rotatory polarisation. 1853: Pasteur is made Knight of the Imperial Order of the Legion of Honour. He obtains the prize of the Pharmacy Society of Paris for the synthesis of racemic acid. Paper on the discovery of the transformation of tartaric acid into racemic acid, discovery of the optically inactive tartaric acid. 1854: Pasteur is nominated Dean of the University of Science at Lille. 1855: Beginning of studies on fermentation, presentation in Lille of a paper on amyl alcohol. 1856: Beginning of researches on alcoholic fermentation. 1857: Appointed administrator of the Ecole Normale and director of scientific studies of this school. Paper on lactic fermentation. Paper on alcoholic fermentation. 1858: Installation of his laboratory in the attic of the Ecole Normale in Paris, rue d'Ulm Survey by Pasteur on so-called "spontaneous" generations. 1859: Experimental physiology prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. 1860: Air sampling at Arbois to investigate the issue of so-called "spontaneous" generation. Examination of the doctrine of so-called "spontaneous" generation. 1861: Jecker prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. Publication in the bulletin of the Chemistry Society of Paris of all his results on vinegar.
1862: Election at the Academy of Science (mineralogy section). Studies on mycoderma and on the role of these plants in acetic fermentation. Alhumbertprize for his research on spontaneous generation. 1863: Napoléon III asks Pasteur to study wine diseases Studies on wine - the influence of air oxygen on vinification. Nominated Professor of Applied Geology, Physics and Chemistry at the National College of Fine Arts 1864: Installation of a laboratory at Arbois for his research on wine 1865: Practical process for improving wine conservation. Studies on silkworm diseases, work on pasteurisation. 1866: Publication of the paper "Studies on wine". Publication of an essay on the scientific work of Claude Bernard. 1867: Creation of a physiological chemistry laboratory at the Ecole Normale. Appointed Professor of organic chemistry at the Sorbonne. Great Prize from the Universal Exhibition for his studies on wine. Resignation from his administrative duties at the Ecole Normale. 1868: Degree as a medical doctor at the University of Bonn. Pasteur suffers from a stroke affecting his left side. Commander of the Legion of Honour. Publication of his studies on vinegar. 1870: Publication of his studies on silkworm diseases. 1871: Studies on beer. 1873: Elected Member of the Academy of Medicine 1876: Publication of his studies on beer. 1877: Paper on the alteration of urine. Studies on anthrax. Studies on septicaemia. 1878: Nominated Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour.
Publication of the paper "Germ theory and its applications to medicine and surgery". Papers on chicken cholera.
Research on gangrene, septicaemia and puerperal fever 1879: Paper on plague. Discovery of immunisation by attenuated cultures. 1880: Becomes Member of the Central Society of Veterinary Medicine. Paper on virulent diseases (Pasteur introduces the principle of attenuated-virus vaccines). Beginning of his research on rabies. 1881: Nominated Grand Cross Holder of the Legion of Honour. Anthrax vaccine. Work on yellow fever near Bordeaux.
Election to the French Academy. 1882: Paper on contagious pleuropneumonia of horned animals. Studies on swine erysipelas. 1883: Vaccination against swine erysipelas using an attenuated-virus vaccine. 1884: New communications on rabies. Communication on pathogenic microbes and attenuated-virus vaccines at the Copenhagen Congress. Pasteur presents the general principle of vaccinations against virulent diseases. 1885: First anti-rabies vaccination on a human being

? 1886 Alexandru Ciurcu - construieste prima ambarcatiune cu reactie.
It’s more complicated, Ciurcu e numai un participant … one of two; also, educated in France.
Desire and Victoire Piot (A late eighteenth century French engineer / inventor and the origins of the Vapour Pulse Jet) probably fled France on the out break of the Franco–Prussian war in 1870 finally arriving in London where he tested his first successful pulse jet boats. Desire Piot could well have been inspired by a rocket powered boat developed by Just Buisson and Ciurcu. Not so successful demonstrations of their jet boat on the river Seine in Paris took place from August to December 1886 for the benefit of the French Ministry of Defense.


? 1887 C. I. Istrate - Friedelina si franceinele.
Correct!!!

? 1895 D. Hurmuzescu - descopera electroscopul.
Jean Antoine Nollet (1700–1770) was a clergyman and physicist. In 1748, Nollet invented one of the first electrometers, the electroscope, which detected the presence of electric charge by using electrostatic attraction and repulsion. Nollet later wrote a theory on electrical attraction and repulsion based on the existence of a continuous flow of electrical matter between charged bodies and became the the first professor of experimental physics at the University of Paris.
Many others including George Washington did the same before our guy … 1755 or so …

? 1899 C.I. Istrate - o noua clasa de coloranti.
Maybe …

? 1900 Nicolae Teclu - becul cu reglarea curentului electric si gaz.
Are you serious??? “Becul de labborator cu reglarea curentului de AER si gaz”; big difference!!!
How about Bunsen? Premix (meaning air and gas) burners were the first purpose-designed burners, and they can be traced back more than 100 years to the Bunsen and similar laboratory burners. A premix burner system really consists of two key components, the burner head or nozzle, and the gas-air mixing device that feeds it. In some cases they're built as a single unit. The mixer uses the energy of a pressurized stream of air and/or gas to mix the two and present them to the burner nozzle, which provides an ignition and anchoring point for the flame and controls its shape.

? 1904 Emil Racovita - fondatorul biospeologiei.
Absolutely correct!!!

? 1905 Augustin Maior - telefonia multipla.
AT&T 1902 … also Bell Laboratoryes …

? 1906, 18.03 - Traian Vuia - avionul cu tren de aterizare pe roti cu pneuri; cu ?Vuia I? acesta reuseste prima decolare fara sa foloseasca nici un mijloc ajutator, numai cu aparate aflate la bord (în fapt, primul avion din istorie).
Are you serious?
The first powered heavier-than-air flight took place in 1890 (Clement Ader, steam engine on bat-winged monoplane, 60 yards). The Wrights' 1903 flight (300 yards) was the first photographed heavier-than-air flight. [Correction: not quite true; there exist photos of Lilienthal's non-powered heavier-than-air flights in the 1890s.] After the advent of relatively light combustion engines (such as Benz, Otto, Diesel), other pioneers pursued similar approaches, but no photographs were taken by Richard Pearse (New Zealand, March 1903) and Karl Jatho (August 1903). Finally, the Wrights needed headwinds or catapults to start their planes, so they were not fully self-powered. But Brazil's Santos-Dumont was (1906, first official airplane flight).
Important stuff: Richard Pearse March 31, 1902. Accounts by witnesses of the flight vary, from "50 to 400 yards in length", but it seems most likely that it was around 350 yards long, and ending prematurely when the flying machine landed in a large hedge - 4 metres off the ground ! The aircraft was the first to use proper ailerons, instead of the inferior wing warping system that the Wright's used. The flying machine also had a modern tricycle type landing gear, thus negating the need for ramps, slides, or skids. Any suitable road would do. The flying machine was aerodynamically crude, for sure, but did the job on the day, and in fact for months afterwards. By the end of July 1903, Pearse had achieved flights of around one kilometre in length, and perhaps even more amazingly, some of them included turns ! An absolutely fantastic achievement for the time. Pearce also built the engine, which was estimated at about 15 - 22hp, but hampered by a much cruder propeller than the Wright's machine.

? 1906 A.A. Beldiman - aparatul hidraulic cu dalta de percutie pentru sondaje adânci.
Tough to prove!!!

? 1908 Lazar Edeleanu ? primul procedeu de rafinare a produselor petroliere cu bioxid de sulf din lume, procedeu care ii poarta numele.
A good one!!! Oil helped us a lot in the first half of last century.

? 1908 Acad. Nicolaie Vasilescu-Karpen - ?pila Karpen", care functioneaza înca si produce curent electric, neîntrerupt, de aproape 100 de ani!
William Grove produced the first fuel cell in 1839 over 150 years ago. He based his experiment on the fact that sending an electric current through water splits the water into its component parts of hydrogen and oxygen. So, Grove tried reversing the reaction - combining hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity and water. This is the basis of a simple fuel cell. The term “fuel cell” was coined later in 1889 by Ludwig Mond and Charles Langer, who attempted to build the first practical device using air and industrial coal gas.

? 1910 iunie - Aurel Vlaicu - lanseaza primul avion din lume fuselat aerodinamic.
See also Rolland Garos and other Santos-Dumont financed … French aircraft … and … so… on …

? 1910 Tache Brumarescu - masina de taiat sulf.
So what? The Austrians have invented the sowing machine before that. So what. The English invented the automated knitting machines before that. So what?

? 1910 Stefan Procopiu - efectul circular al discontinuitatilor de magnetism.
Bohr-Procopiu magneton … amazing participation to highly sophisticated physics. An excellent one …

? 1910 Gh. Marinescu - tratamentul paraliziei generale.
Close but no cigar! It was alive and well in America before 1900 …

? 1910 Henri Coanda reuseste primul zbor al unui avion cu reactie (fabricatie proprie).
Correct!!! First and foremost, it is now being recognized as the first air-reactive engine (jet) aircraft, making its first and only flight October, 1910. ... in Paris (not Romania, of course).


? 1910 Ioan Cantacuzino - ? fenomenul Cantacuzino? (aglutinarea unor microbi).
How about this? First experiments with streptococcal agglutination Paul Moser and Bensaude, Le phenomene de l'agglutination des. microbes. Carre, Paris 1897. ...

? 1913-1916 Ioan Cantacuzino - vaccinarea antiholerica (metoda Cantacuzino)
Pasteur was known as the father of stereochemistry, but his contributions to microbiology and medicine were greater. Pasteur discovered anaerobic bacteria and two silkworm diseases. It was he who discovered that if you take a microbe that causes a particular disease, for instance, smallpox, and make a weakened form of it, that weakened smallpox microbe can be used to fight off the stronger smallpox microbes. Doctors now inoculate people against all kinds of diseases and, for a time, had almost eradicated smallpox. Pasteur also invented the anthrax vaccine, the cholera vaccine, and the rabies vaccine. He died in 1895.

? 1916 D. Danielopolu - actiunea hipertensiva a digitalei.
The man credited with the introduction of digitalis into the practice of medicine was William Withering. Withering was born in Wellington, Shropshire, England in 1741. He followed in the medical footsteps of his father who was an apothecary-surgeon. Withering received his MD degree in 1766. As an individual, William Withering was an extremely giving person. He would personally see and treat two or three thousand poor patients a year limiting him to making about 1000 British pounds as compared to his contemporary doctors who made 5000 British pounds per year. Withering published about 19 articles during his lifetime. After fighting a long battle with tuberculosis, William Withering, the father of digitalis medicine, died on October 6 1799, at the age of 58.

? 1918 Gogu Constantinescu - întemeiaza o noua stiinta: sonicitatea.
Correct but not in Romania; in England where he educated himself and become a teacher of physics. Had he stayed in Romania he would have done nothing like most of us …

? 1919 Stefan Procopiu - unitatea elementara de energie magnetica (magnetonul).
Same as above, verry good!!!

? 1920 Emil Racovita - pune bazele Institutul de Speologie Cluj (primul din lume).
First in the world is tough to prove!!!

? 1920 ing. Gheorghe Botezatu - a calculat traiectoriile posibile Pamânt - Luna, folosite la pregatirea programelor ?Apollo? (al caror parinte a fost sibianul Herman Oberth); el a fost si seful echipei de matematicieni care a lucrat la proiectul rachetei ?Apollo? care a dus primul om pe Luna.
About the calculations Earth-Moon you must be kidding.
Herman Oberth also started Hitler’s V1 and, by the way, hated Romania and wrote to German leadership to dump Romania as an ally …

? 1921 Aurel Persu - automobilul fara diferential, cu motor în spate (de forma ?picaturii de apa").
Could be but it does not work …

? 1921 Nicolae Paulescu - descopera insulina; pentru ca era un anti-mason virulent, Premiul Nobel l-au primit canadienii F. Banting si J.R.J. McLeod pentru aceasta descoperire?
It should already be clear that 1920 comes before 1921 but anyway … there were others also …
1908 German scientist, Georg Zuelzer develops the first injectible pancreatic extract to suppress glycosuria; however, there are extreme side effects to the treatment.
1010-1920 Frederick Madison Allen and Elliot P. Joslin emerge as the two leading diabetes specialists in the United States.
1913 Allen, after three years of diabetes study, publishes Studies Concerning Glycosuria and Diabetes, a book which is significant for the revolution in diabetes therapy that developed from it.
1919 Frederick Allen publishes Total Dietary Regulation in the Treatment of Diabetes, citing exhaustive case records of 76 of the 100 diabetes patients he observed, becomes the director of diabetes research at the Rockefeller Institute.
July 1, 1920 Dr. Banting opens his first office in London, Ontario. He receives his first patient on July 29th; his total earnings for his first month of work is $4.00.

? 1921 Stefan Procopiu - Fenomenul Procopiu (depolarizarea luminii).
May be …

? 1922 C.Levaditi si Sazevac - bismutul ca agent terapeutic împotriva sifilisului.
Bullshit!!!
Syphilis was treated with mercury or other ineffective remedies until World War I (1914-1916), when effective treatments based on arsenic or bismuth were introduced. These were succeeded by antibiotics after World War II.


? 1925 Traian Vuia - generatorul de abur cu ardere în camera închisa si cu vaporizare instantanee.
Vuia was a great engineer, but when he tried to patent his airplane the Arsenal in Romania threw him out and he had to go to France to find forward looking people to fund his invention … Now we want him! La placinte innainte, la razboi innapoi …

? 1930 Elie Carafoli - avionul cu aripa joasa.
Bullshit!!!
Zdenek Lhota - Czechoslovakia – 1925 - flew the BH-11 low-wing monoplane.
Albert W. (Al) Mooney - chief engineer at Alexander (1928-1929) was responsible for the Bullet, an advanced, high speed, low wing monoplane. With Mooney's patented retractable landing gear, it was a mild sensation and ahead of its time.

? 1933 Henri Coanda - aerodina lenticulara (farfuria zburatoare).
? 1938 Henri Coanda - efectul Coanda.
? 1938 Henri Coanda - discul volant.
The Coanda Effect is a real Romanian contribution to the progress of science. All good!!! But again in England, not in Romania. That should tell anyone something …

? 1952 Ia fiinta Institutul National de Geronto-Geriatrie ?Dr. Ana Aslan", primul institut de geriatrie din lume, model pentru tarile dezvoltate, prin asistenta clinica si cercetare. ?Ana Aslan? are, anual, mii de pacienti.
A big lie …and a lot of word of mouth phony advertising …

Exagerarea contributiei noastre la motorul societatii umane ii face pe unii romani sa creada ca, de buni ce suntem, n-avem nimic de schimbat, iar ceilalti sa ne pupe ...

Sarcina celor ce publca e sa corecteze asta.

Dan Manoliu
Canada
De invatat - de Dinu Lazar la: 14/08/2005 08:08:05
(la: O conversatie cu DINU LAZAR, fotograf)
Un link important pentru oricine are sau zice ca are sau chiar n-are legatura cu fotografia profesionala dar vrea sa stie cum merg lucrurile: http://www.danheller.com/biz-marketing
Si inca o chestie tare: http://www.danheller.com/truisms.html
Si bomboana pe coliva, citeva fraze care pun punctul pe i:
-------------
Once a year we rent out a large
meeting room at a downtown hotel, send out hundreds of invitations to
potential buyers of our services, and for $25 or so, we each get a table to
display our wares. We may use pretty much whatever methods we want to catch
the attention of attendees. The other event we sponsor is a portfolio
showcase, wherein we rent space at a local gallery once a year and put up
our photos, layouts, etc., on boards, on the walls and on easels. We invite
hundreds to this event as well. It is more of a passive interaction. All of
the creatives involved try to be in attendance, but that is not required. I
have found it helpful to be on site to answer any questions and to smooze.
On the other hand,the seminars I have attended have been informational, like
a Photoshop techniques or Epson or a Fuji. I can't say that attending
seminars would or would not be helpful for you or anyone else. For me, I
always pick up at least one useful bit of information. I think that everyone
has to come up with his/her own mix of promotion. For me, I seem to get more
work as I get out and about, interact, give out cards, get all the free
promo I can. My hard copy portfolio has gone out only once in the last three
years, to Parade Magazine. I was stunned to learn that they still want to
see trannys and/or tear sheets, not just the cyber equivalent.
Good luck with the web site, and with it's promotion. As far as people
stealing your work, I really believe there is no way to completely eliminate
that. I just keep stuff lo res, watermarked, etc. I have not designed a web
site, but a couple of photo friends have, and they say that Adobe GoLive is
just point and click. Takes about half a hour, so I hear. If this student
web designer daughter of a friend of mine does not come through with my
personal site very soon, I will try GoLive.
I hasten to add a disclaimer: If I had all the answers, or just a few of
them I would be clipping coupons in Bermuda just to keep busy, living off my
trust fund and sipping faux pina coladas (can't drink alcohol, but love the
beach). What sites are some of your photos on?
#65264 (raspuns la: #65257) comenteaza . modifica . semnaleaza adminului
Huxley si drogurile - de Cassandra la: 05/11/2005 14:22:53
(la: Drogurile. Ati incercat?)
Huxley (Aldous :)) a avut in perioada sa mistica un fel de curiozitate stiintifica in legatura cu experienta drogurilor pe care le-a incercat (LSD) experiente pe care le-a descris apoi in multe eseuri si in cartea sa "The doors of perception" (de unde si-a luat numele grupul cu pricina). L-a interesat in mod deosebit legatura intre droguri si creativitate. Intr-un interviu pe aceasta tema, Huxley spunea:

"While one is under the drug one has penetrating insights into the people around one, and also into one's own life. Many people get tremendous recalls of buried material. A process which may take six years of psychoanalysis happens in an hour -- and considerably cheaper! And the experience can be very liberating and widening in other ways. It shows that the world one habitually lives in is merely a creation of this conventional, closely conditioned being which one is, and that there are quite other kinds of worlds outside. It's a very salutary thing to realize that the rather dull universe in which most of us spend most of our time is not the only universe there is. I think it's healthy that people should have this experience. "

http://www.maps.org/news-letters/v10n3/10317hux.html

Imi vine in minte un alt scriitor (care imi place mult) si care a simtit pe propria piele dependenta de morfina - Bulgakov. In final si-a invins dependenta. Poate ati citit cartea sa "Morfina"

Nimeni nu neaga efectul nociv al drogurilor, cea mai importanta caracteristica a lor fiind dependenta, unele fiind foarte adictive de la primele doze. Drogurile nu sint pentru "losers", ele exista si e drept ca multe au capacitatea de a transforma o persoana chiar cu un remarcabil potential de "winner" intr-un "loser", din pacate. Dar sa nu uitam ca exista consumatori constanti de droguri (din cele asa numite usoare) apartinind clasei sociale "de succes".



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